maintenance, care, compatibility
The red-necked turtle spends most of its life (25-30 years) in the aquatic environment. Heat-loving, capricious representative of tropical reservoirs, so with their own hands will have to issue a quality aquarium that will serve her for many years.
The maintenance of a turtle involves the installation of an aquarium (aquaterrarium) with a volume of 150 liters per adult. In the tank, the water should be 40 cm deep, but proportional to the size of the pet – small turtles swim poorly, water can be less.
It is important that it is freely located in water, and the liquid completely covers the shell. On the aquarium there should be a cover with holes for the access of air, so that after the water swimming the reptile will go to the land to take a sip of air and warm up.
In the aquatic environment, you need to monitor the parameters of water: the water temperature is 22-28 degrees – at low temperature, the turtle will become slow-moving, lethargic, give up feed and can get sick. River representatives of this species fall asleep in the water for the winter, but it is not necessary to force the pet into a state of hibernation.
The acidity and hardness of water are recommended medium, the animal can live in infused water from the tap. For settlement of several turtles a spacious aquarium is required, not less than 200 liters, with a water surface and a coastal embankment.
Watch a video about the content of red-eared turtles.
Maintain cleanliness in the aquarium for the red-eared turtle can be either with your own hands, or with the help of an internal filter, which is often used in aquariums with fish. It is recommended to update the water 1-2 times a week, depending on the degree of water pollution. Turtles eat under water, so cloudiness, the formation of foam and silt are possible.
Harmful organic compounds are harmful to their health. With the accumulation of nitrates and ammonia in the water, it begins to produce an unpleasant odor.
New water should be the same parameters as the previous one, but in no case fresh from the tap (only infused). To illuminate the pond, you can put an ultraviolet lamp.
The longha turtle prefers not only swimming, but also swimming in the sun. Be sure to build a shore, land – with your own hands make a small ledge of pebbles (but not shallow), attaching stones to each other using aquarium sealant.
Do not install wood planks – they quickly get wet, grow moldy, parasites infest. Place a lamp above the land – due to the heat on the tortoise’s body, the parasites “die out”, it is heated.
Water is heated with a special heating device (some distributors use a tube with an integrated thermostat).
What else can you install in the aquarium with your own hands
Red-skinned turtles cannot be kept with aquarium fish, as they will be eaten. Sometimes aquarists make compromises by shielding an aquarium using vertical glass with water holes.
Large gaps should be absent so that turtles do not crawl into another part of the reservoir. It turns out, ½ part of the nursery in the possession of reptiles, and the second – “fish”.
Just in her own hands, you can land plants for fish, special soil and scenery.
Growth in turtles is fast, in the first year of life they reach sizes of 22-25 cm, so take care of a large capacity for living in advance. In the interior of the “house” there should be safe decorations: pebbles of medium size (so that the animal does not swallow it), gravel is not safe to place.
In the pond should be installed pre-treated snags, houses, grottoes, caves. Plants to plant undesirable – turtles are not averse to eat, although some species are suitable for food.
Look at your own handmade aquarium for eared turtles.
Arranging a terrarium for a red-eared turtle do it yourself requires consideration of some features of these amphibians.
Do-it-yourself terrarium requirements for a turtle
Firstly, the water area of the terrarium is necessary (therefore, such containers are also called aquaterrariums). Moreover, recent studies suggest that turtles feel much better in a deep enough aquarium, where they can swim freely.
The second necessary area is an island of land where the turtle can bask. Usually, the rays of the illumination and UV lamps are directed at it.
Such an island should be no higher than 20 cm from the surface of the aquarium so that the tortoise cannot escape from it. So, consider how to make the design of the terrarium with your own hands.
Turtles are vital not only aquatic environment, but also land. These animals need, though small, only 4 times larger than a pet in size, but a heated island.
Without a resting place, a pet may drown; various defects and diseases of the shell will develop. The island should be rough and easily accessible, preferably having a gentle ladder.
The optimal distance from the edge of the aquarium to the land – at least 20 cm – the animal does not crawl out, UV lamps do not harm. The use of foam should be avoided. It crumbles, which means that its particles can be eaten.
The material must be strong and securely attached to the walls of the aquarium. Carefully select the adhesive for fasteners, silicone-based sealant can not be used, as the animal can eat it.
Drying the structure takes at least two days. During such a period, the chemical effect of the applied glue on the occupant of the container will be minimal.
The ladder must be of sufficient height so that it does not get stuck between it and the bottom.
There are many ways to equip the land in the aquarium. Popular glass, pasted over with stones.
Works are carried out only in a dry container.
An interesting option – tile. It is desirable to make the surface rough: it can be notches, or “put” pebbles.
Turtles are well suited “wooden” land. You can buy it or make it yourself.
It is better to pretreat the base with water-repellent compounds.
It is difficult to imagine a more natural basis than stones. Use large stones, you will need glue for fasteners.
The material is pre-washed with soap and boiled water.
The island can be suspended.
The usual rubber bath mats are often used as finishing.
If you do not want to mess around for a long time, buy an island in a turtle aquarium on suckers in any zoomarket, but you cannot call it 100% reliable.
It is very easy to make a shelter on land at the expense of bricks. You will need to drill a hole and insert a support there.
The design will serve as a ladder. The rest of the can be made on their own.
As a result, get a porous surface that does not require additional processing.
To build an island for a turtle is not difficult at all: the construction is extremely simple, you will spend a minimum of time and money.
Keeping a red-eared turtle is one of the most popular occupations among reptile breeders. To create a comfortable environment for it in the home, you need to understand what should be the proper arrangement of the aquarium. In nature, this turtle can be found in freshwater bodies of the temperate and subtropical belts with low marshy shores.
In captivity, it is kept in aquaterrariums. They are purchased in specialized stores or created independently.
This article will tell you how to make a cozy home for a red-eared turtle.
When choosing the size and type of aquarium it is necessary to take into account the dimensions of an adult animal and the characteristics of its body. Red-skinned turtles spend a lot of time under water or at the bottom of an artificial reservoir where they feel safe.
The volume of the aquarium is selected depending on the size and number of turtles. For one turtle 13 cm long or a pair of young individuals 10 cm long each, a one-hundred-meter aquarium will be enough.
As it grows, the capacity is replaced by a larger one. So, for a pair of turtles 20-30 cm long, a two hundred-liter aquarium is already required. If the volume is too small, the water is polluted faster, which leads to the disease of the red-haired women.
The distance from the water level to the upper edge of the aquarium should be at least 15-20 cm.
Pontoon turtle – swimming reptile. In addition to water, it is vital to the land on which it is heated and gets an ultraviolet tan.
The recommended size of the land area is at least 25% of the total area of the aquarium. The island is preferably firmly attached to the base of the tank.
The tank should be equipped with a lid, so that the pets could not move it and get out, but at the same time it is well breathable.