The design style of aquariums “Equator”, or as it is called, “Tropics”, based on the color gamut, it can be called the most “calm”, and by perception it is considered long established. Aquarium in this style is able to create a light mood, and its range of colors, which consists only of natural colors, is very comfortable for a person.
Such an aquarium is suitable for a cozy room with classic furniture and a calm interior. It is best to install it in the bedroom, living room, i.e. in those corners where you can comfortably sit next to the aquarium and relax, watching how its inhabitants frolic.
And in the “walk-through” places – the lobby, corridors, etc. – an aquarium in this style will be simply inappropriate. Indeed, one of the features of this style is that it involves a leisurely, peaceful contemplation.
Dense thickets aquarium plants they make such a reservoir similar to a Dutch-style aquarium, however there are fundamental differences that relate primarily to the severity of the canons.
Dutch aquarium characterized by very stringent requirements. Must be long and low capacity.
When planting, mostly long-stemmed plants are used, which are planted in compliance with the “red streets”, “third” and other conventions. Need powerful lighting, need minimum number aquarium fish, in addition, the species composition is also very limited.
Strict observance of all these rules requires almost professional qualifications from aquarists.
In the arrangement aquarium- “equator” allowed more liberties. Its design assumes the use of a wide range of hard-leaved rosette plants, considerable freedom in the choice of fish is given.
Even aquarists who have little experience can implement this style. For the design in the style of “equator” when choosing an aquarium, it is better to focus on a rectangular tank or “panorama”, whose length is much greater than the width and height.
You can also use angular aquariums (“deltas”) that have a large bottom area, thus creating an interesting perspective. The volume of the aquarium does not have a big role, but the bigger it is, the easier it is to create attractive plant compositions, the wider the range of decorative elements for decoration.
To create such a style, you can use both artificial and live plants. Designed exclusively artificial plants, snags and stones the aquarium retains all the features of a tropical freshwater reservoir.
In this aquarium, you can safely focus on the inhabitants.
Decorated living plants Aquarium requires careful selection of fish, because it is also necessary to take into account the needs of plants. Basically, in such aquariums run small haracin and other fish that do not harm living plants.
You can also combine live plants with artificial ones.
When choosing equipment, special attention should be paid to lighting. It is better to stay at the artificial, lasting ten to twelve hours a day. Ideal special aquarium lamps with the most relevant to the needs of the plant spectrum.
For lighting a 200-liter tank, a pair of lamps will suffice. Floralo or Aquaglo 30 watts each Light FloraGlo (basically, it is installed at the rear of the aquarium wall) has two peaks – in the red and blue regions of the spectrum, which is more conducive to photosynthesis.
Also AquaGlo light meets the needs of plants, and highlights the fish at a profit: under such a lamp the neons simply “burn”, apistogrammy with iridescent of all rainbow colors, cherry barbs, minors look much brighter.
You can also use simple fluorescent lamps, preferably with a warm spectrum (for example, LB) or a combination of incandescent lamps and fluorescent lighting.
For the rest butkvarium equipment requirements are quite trivial. The power of the thermostat should be enough to maintain the temperature at 24-26 degrees. Around the clock is desirable filtration: for its implementation, a simple “cup” filled with foam rubber, pumping about an hour the volume of the aquarium per hour, will suffice.
The filter should have a wide discharge (such as a “waterfall” or “flute”), because the pressure of a narrow water jet can harm soft parts of plants. AT aquarium- “equator” it should not be falsified (just like in other aquariums with a large number of living plants), because bottom filter systems from the soil wash out oxidized organic matter and sludge, making it poor and creating an environment that adversely affects aquatic plants and other aquatic inhabitants.
The equipment available inside the aquarium (thermostat, internal filter, etc.) should have a neutral color — green, black, and it should be placed so that it does not catch the eye. If necessary, it can be masked. scenery.
As background A film background is usually used, mainly with a plant plot, and the nature of the pattern determines which composition of the plants will be planted in the ground, so if mostly hard-leaved plants are depicted on the background, then the aquarium should be planted with representatives of this group. However, you can also use a monochromatic background (black or dark blue).
There are several professional techniques recommended for use to give a special charm to the aquarium, while achieving the normal functioning of the biological system.
It is better to plant the plants in pots, and not in the ground. Even longer-stemmed plants placed in pots with nutrient soil look more attractive, because there are less air roots from them. As pots, the easiest way to use plastic transparent cups that need to be cut so that they are not visible from the ground.
A cut-off bottom of plastic bottles can serve as a convenient pot for large rosette bushes. It is necessary to perforate the walls of the pots in order to avoid acidification of the substrate.
In addition to long-stemmed plants, hard-leaved rosettes are widely used in the “equator” aquarium: nymphs, Anubiasas, cryptocorynes, Ekhinodorusy. From undelivered land more unpretentious: hygrophilous, peristolistniki, people. If the aquarist has sufficient experience, then you can add to this list rotary, camombo, ambulia
Great decoration – thickets vallisneria. You can decorate the foreground with small cryptocorins, javanese moss, sagittarius.
Pots with plants are placed between snags or stones, and then gently covered with soil. Requires a small, rounded soil with a minimum content of lime content. You can use pebbles beige, brown tones.
A very interesting option with the use of 2 types, which differ in size fractions and color shades. The light and shallow soils are laid out bottom areas that mimic the river bank or sand bar.
Larger and darker pebbles are poured for contrast around these patches.
Caves, grottoes, artificial castles of coarse colors are simply out of place here. AT aquarium- “equator” the attractiveness of the landscape is achieved in other ways, for example, by terracing the ground.
The walls of the terraces are reinforced with stones, structures made of stadon, macroflex, snags, etc. Terracing should not “raise” the ground (for example, for planting plants preferring shallow water).
It is necessary to give relief to the landscape, so it’s better to limit yourself to two or three levels, the height of the terraces of which is 4-5 centimeters.
Anubiasas, java moss, It is recommended to increase the microzorium to natural corks. For this purpose, use better prepared pre-iron wood, mangrove snags or alder.
In plants, it is necessary to straighten the roots, spread them over the surface of the driftwood and fix it with turns of cotton thread for secure attachment, but there is no need to cut and pinch the roots. After three or four weeks, the bush “sticks” securely to the substrate, while the threads rot.
True, there is one limitation: the fixation of the plants is carried out either in the old aquarium with the existing biological balance, or two or three months after the launch of a new one, because the plant does not need to “engraft” under unusual conditions – it costs a lot forces A snag with a microzorium or anubias does not need further care, but you need to cut javanese moss while removing vertical long “threads”.
Then it will grow horizontally, forming at the same time a low, but very picturesque and dense carpet. In bright light, snags can be fixed and simple with the help of a grid. riccia.
In the aquarium of the overgrown koryag, rosette plants and stones, the central part of the composition begins to form, and the side parts and the background are traditionally planted with long stem plants. The bottom area, which is occupied by greenery, may not exceed 40-50 percent, i.e. Do not be afraid of open areas.
Once again, the “equator” is not “Holland.”
A peaceful aquarium looks great in an Equator-style aquarium made of fish. cichlids (pelvicahromis, apistograms etc.) and angelfish. Other fish of this family should not be placed, because they dig the ground, pluck the foliage of the plants and pull them out.
This also applies to large catfish (pteroplichts, panakas), many types of large haracin, barbs, etc. It will fit well into such an aquarium and give the landscape some kind of dynamism of bright small haracin (ternation, rhodostomusov, neon, minors) or small carp (black barbs, cherry barbs, disassembly, cardinals).
Some small ones will do. iris, like precoxes, they will also feel comfortable here and gourami.
In a tropical forest aquarium, the density of landing of fish exceeds much the density for a Dutch water body, but the sense of proportion does not interfere. In a 200-liter aquarium, you can tentatively plant two pairs of angelfish, two or three pairs of apistograms, precoxes or pelvicahromis, 10-15 small schooling fish of the minor type.
To clear fouling of plants it is useful to settle in an aquarium loricarids (Sturiosomes, ancistrus), girinoheylusov, labo, although to conduct an intensive fight against algae in such water bodies, in general, is not necessary, because the abundance of higher vegetation can provide a stable balance between the consumed and released organic matter.
Basically, garden care comes down to regular thinning of thickets. As the water mirror is reached, the long-stemmed plants are clipped, not allowing them to trail over the surface, thereby shading the aquarium (in such a pond do not use floating plants).
If necessary, use liquid dressing. However, basically there is no need for this, especially if the plants are planted in pots with nutritious soil.
For aquarium, in which there are live plants, regular water exchange plays an important role: at least 20–25% every week. Not bad, when together with the substitution the primer is cleaned with a siphon.
It is necessary to gently pour in fresh water (with a hose or through the palm of your hand), without eroding the soil or destroying the created relief. It is necessary to ensure that the temperature of fresh water is the same as the temperature of the substitute, and you should not be afraid to use hot tap water to level it: it does not harm the inhabitants of the aquarium, besides, it is useful for plants because it contains dissolved metal salts.
It is desirable to pass tap water through the simple household filter. With a noticeable difference between the hydrochemistry of tap water and the desired one, it is necessary to apply appropriate measures: boil, defend, use special preparations, etc.
In the absence of such an opportunity, it is better to replace water more smoothly (not once 20%, but four times 5% each) than to risk the well-being of plants and fish.
As you can see, make an equator style aquarium and further care for it is possible without the use of exclusive materials, expensive equipment, it is available to many aquarists. This, together with the high attractiveness of the landscapes of the underwater tropical world, ultimately helped to determine the greater popularity of this design option for indoor aquariums.