An aquarium is not just an opportunity to daily observe the bizarre behavior of aquatic inhabitants, but also an elegant and unusual interior decoration. The fact that it fits into your room depends on the style in which you design the water tank.
Each Aquarium decoration style in its own way is universal and unique, the aquarium acquires amazing and interesting features. There are many styles of aquariums, many of which are available only to professional aqua-designers, but some can be created with your own hands.
Let’s look at them in more detail.
It is believed that this style appeared in the 1930s in the Netherlands. The design principle of the aquarium in this style is the absence of empty space at the bottom of the reservoir.
Almost 80% of the aquarium bottom should be planted with a variety of plants, however, there is an unspoken rule, namely: only one type of plant should fall on 10 sq. Cm, it is desirable to have them in picturesque groups. Then the plants do not interfere and do not shade each other.
Conventionally, the Dutch-style aquarium is divided into 3 sectors. The emphasis is on stones, snags, which are located in the very center of the aquarium.
However, scientists have long proven that the center of the aquarium is a dead center for visual perception. The color scheme of the Dutch aquarium is very restrained.
It is dominated by green and red colors with different shades, but with the volumes, sizes and textures of leaves you can play as you please.
In such a reservoir, the law of color applies: plants with red leaves frame green plantings – this is in the first part of the aquarium. In the second part of the aquarium, everything happens the opposite: a dark green spot in the center is bordered by plants with burgundy foliage. Light olive algae looks very good in the background.
Usually about 10-12 different plant species are used in the Dutch decoration of the aquarium. Stem plants look good, they are grouped and planted in remote areas of the aquarium – this simple action emphasizes and focuses the beauty of the aquarium composition. Plants should be selected according to growth rates, conditions imposed on the content.
The Dutch aquarium needs attention, you need to carefully care for the plants. It is very important when choosing an aquarium to choose the right types of fish – they will be assistants in the fight against excess algae, eating them.
Japanese-style aquarium is also called the “rock garden”. This is another type of Japanese worldview that is close in spirit to many aquarists around the world.
Looking at the water landscapes created with the help of snags, stones, you understand that these are also tools for transmitting emotions that people experienced when creating the “garden”. An integral part of the Japanese style is the use of waterfalls and Japanese bonsai trees.
Initially, a rock garden was created in three types: plants, stones and mosses.
According to the worldview, Zen stone and water are the skeleton and circulatory system of nature. Man and nature is an indivisible whole.
In Japanese gardens, there is never a repetition, because each artist in his own way feels nature. Fancy stones with unusual shapes and shades of various colors were sought for the garden of stones. The most popular were stones from Lake Tai, which possessed magical powers and prolonged the life of their creator.
With the help of stones, the artist expressed his thoughts and feelings. This style was introduced in 1980 by Japanese Takashi Amano.
He tried to recreate the natural landscapes in the aquarium. Unlike the Dutch style, snags and stones of various forms are used here, and they are asymmetrically located.
The number of plants – up to 3-4 species.
Gardens of stones are divided into two types: landscaped gardens, in which in the background were plants and other paraphernalia, as well as gardens of flat stones. Properly chosen ratio between stones, built on the principle of an equilateral triangle shows that each stone has its own face. The stones in the aquarium symbolize the completeness and harmony of our world, this is the perfect background for fish with a bright and unusual color.
You can vary the design of various snags, fancy plants, original pagodas or artificial Japanese-style mini-pavilions.
Pseudonatural and pseudo-sea decoration of the aquarium
This style allows you to show the beauty of the aquarium and at the same time save. Aquarists use ordinary soils, undemanding or completely artificial plants and planted various fish.
Lighting only day or luminescent. The disadvantage of this design aquarium can be called a limited number of species of fish and plants.
Pseudo-sea aquariums were invented by lovers of seascapes. In such aquariums, the water is fresh, the inhabitants here are freshwater, but the design is as close to the sea bottom as possible.
Along with stones, you can find shells, corals, and plants, both natural and artificial. The shape and size of the aquarium can be very different.
As for lighting, it is predominantly decorative, so cold fluorescent lamps that give a blue color are welcome. Fishes for such an aquarium are chosen mobile, such are cichlids, whose homeland is the lakes Malawi and Tanganyika.
By their color, they are not inferior to the inhabitants living among marine reefs.
This style is good for beginners who want to learn how to grow plants. The number of plants – from 15 or more species.
If the Dutch-style plants are combined into groups, then in such an aquarium absolutely everything is allowed. Here you can see and stilestolistnye and rosette plants. A large role is also played by the shape of the aquarium, which can be not only rectangular, but angular aquariums are also interesting – they have a large bottom area, which creates an interesting perspective.
The volume does not play a decisive role, however, the larger it is, the easier it is to create compositions from plants and decorative elements.
You can use artificial plants and stones, while placing emphasis on the living inhabitants of the aquarium – fish. In such aquariums are launched small haracin fish that do not harm living plants.
The key role is played by fish. Against the background of decorative stones, a small number of plants, inhabitants of various colors are swimming.
In such an aquarium, predatory fish look good – moray eels, rays and other exotic fish.
This design aquarium attracts your attention immediately, playing the role of “color spot” in your interior. Here you can combine the incompatible: flashy bright colors of plastic plants, colorful lamps, intricate decorations.
For such aquariums characteristic non-natural colors with flashy color of the soil. It is better to place such an aquarium in the entrance hall, to attract attention, and not to contemplate.
Such an aquarium can be set up in an office, a trading area, or a nursery, recreating the plot of a fairy tale inside.
It’s time to think about the fish, which should be unpretentious and have a bright color. Such an aquarium requires careful attitude and great care: it is necessary to change the water in time, produce biological and mechanical filtration and follow the feeding of the inhabitants of this aquarium.
The idea of such an aquarium is to recreate areas of the seabed, to reconstruct the biological environment is difficult, but despite this, more and more people are fond of breeding marine fish. As a rule, the basis of the composition is a stone from a sea reef or dead coral.
There is a place for corals, polyps, small invertebrates and other inhabitants of the seabed. The main condition is not to overpopulate your territory with living beings, since there is a limited life support system here.
Marine aquariums can be divided into three types: aquariums with predators – stingrays, moray eels, sharks; Aquariums with non-predatory fish – angel fish, surgeon fish, zebrasome and other species, and the third species – invertebrate sea anemones and corals. The most unpretentious are predatory fish, the most capricious in the care of invertebrates.
The slightest deviation in the chemical indicators of water endangers the life of shrimps, sponges, sea anemones. It is necessary to purchase expensive equipment to maintain the livelihood of this aquarium.
For diversity, you can inhabit the reservoir with small fish – antias, pseudochromis and others who live among corals in the natural environment.
Aquarium design styles quite a lot and only you decide which one is suitable for an apartment or office.