maintenance, care, compatibility
The red-necked turtle spends most of its life (25-30 years) in the aquatic environment. Heat-loving, capricious representative of tropical reservoirs, so with their own hands will have to issue a quality aquarium that will serve her for many years. The maintenance of a turtle involves the installation of an aquarium (aquaterrarium) with a volume of 150 liters per adult.
In the tank, the water should be 40 cm deep, but proportional to the size of the pet – small turtles swim poorly, water can be less. It is important that it is freely located in water, and the liquid completely covers the shell.
On the aquarium there should be a cover with holes for the access of air, so that after the water swimming the reptile will go to the land to take a sip of air and warm up.
In the aquatic environment, you need to monitor the parameters of water: the water temperature is 22-28 degrees – at low temperature, the turtle will become slow-moving, lethargic, give up feed and can get sick. River representatives of this species fall asleep in the water for the winter, but it is not necessary to force the pet into a state of hibernation. The acidity and hardness of water are recommended medium, the animal can live in infused water from the tap.
For settlement of several turtles a spacious aquarium is required, not less than 200 liters, with a water surface and a coastal embankment.
Watch a video about the content of red-eared turtles.
Maintain cleanliness in the aquarium for the red-eared turtle can be either with your own hands, or with the help of an internal filter, which is often used in aquariums with fish. It is recommended to update the water 1-2 times a week, depending on the degree of water pollution. Turtles eat under water, so cloudiness, the formation of foam and silt are possible.
Harmful organic compounds are harmful to their health. With the accumulation of nitrates and ammonia in the water, it begins to produce an unpleasant odor. New water should be the same parameters as the previous one, but in no case fresh from the tap (only infused).
To illuminate the pond, you can put an ultraviolet lamp.
The longha turtle prefers not only swimming, but also swimming in the sun. Be sure to build a shore, land – with your own hands make a small ledge of pebbles (but not shallow), attaching stones to each other using aquarium sealant.
Do not install wood planks – they quickly get wet, grow moldy, parasites infest. Place a lamp above the land – due to the heat on the tortoise’s body, the parasites “die out”, it is heated.
Water is heated with a special heating device (some distributors use a tube with an integrated thermostat).
What else can you install in the aquarium with your own hands
Aquariums for eared turtles: design rules
Keeping a red-eared turtle in an aquarium is one of the most common occupations among reptile lovers. In order to keep the red-eared turtle at home, it is necessary, first of all, to create a cozy habitat for it, to understand what the arrangement of the aquarium for the red-eared turtle should be.
An aquarium for a red-eared turtle must contain both a water base and a land base, because the red-eared turtles like to be not only under water, but also on its surface and on land, which allows them to receive oxygen and fully enjoy the ultraviolet rays. To gain access to oxygen in an aquarium – terrarium for a red-eared turtle, you must make an island or a small rock on which your reptile can fit, and will still be above the surface of the water.
The size of the surface of the island should correspond to the size of the shell of your red-eared turtle, this is necessary in order to make it comfortable to be on such an island. At the same time, it should be noted that the access of your turtle to the island should be gentle and create such conditions that the reptile could get there without interference and carefully descend from there, without receiving any injuries and injuries.
This type of reptile is a predator and lives exclusively in freshwater bodies of water that are flowing. Therefore, the freshwater aquarium for the aquatic turtle is a habitat habitat.
The aquatic red-eared turtle looks very unusual and attracts the attention of even those people who are not addicted to daily aquarism. Aquariums for red-eared turtles are currently represented in large quantities in pet stores.
In order to keep the red-eared turtle at home, it is necessary to create in its aquarium conditions that will maximally compensate the turtle for the lack of the natural environment. Therefore, it is better to cover the bottom of the aquarium with large pebbles, and you can also use river sludge or sand with clay.
It is necessary to install a filter in the aquarium, you can even one that is not functionally designed to supply air, the red-eared turtle will not die from lack of oxygen, as it, if necessary, oxygen floats to the surface of the aquarium and collects there a certain amount of air a sufficiently long period of time under water.
Plants in the aquarium are very important for the maintenance of the red-eared turtle, so you should use any aquarium plants that will comfortably grow in fresh water.
Aquaterrarium for these creatures can be made of glass or plastic, and it should consist of 30% of the land. The remaining 70% is a body of water.
The size of the aquarium for small turtles should be selected taking into account the fact that they can reach a size of 30 centimeters in a few years.
The size of the aquarium based on the size of the turtle:
- the smallest 3-10 cm – up to 50 l;
- medium size 10-16 cm – up to 80 liters;
- large up to 25 cm – up to 150 liters;
- for adults – 120 – 170 l.
Registration of an aquarium for the puppy can be started from the ground. Different glass pebbles do not fit, because the pet can simply bite them.
Sand and small pebbles can enter the intestines. It is best to collect large shells, which will make your aquarium beautiful and at the same time a little saturate the water with calcium. Also suitable and a variety of special blocks of minerals.
From the equipment it is necessary to purchase an incandescent lamp to maintain the temperature, which is located above the shore and include it for 10-12 hours. The temperature in this zone should be about 20 degrees. The temperature of the water is maintained with a standard aquarium heater.
You need to add a water filter and a compressor to it to saturate it with oxygen. Still acquire ultraviolet lamps.
Their light contributes to the production of vitamins D3 and the normal growth of the shell.
The shore in the aquarium for the red-eared turtle is made inclined with a small ramp. It can be made of plastic, plastered with stones or pebbles. It is possible to use various branches for decoration.
Here your pet will sunbathe under the lamp, which we have at a height of 30 cm from the coast.
If young individuals are predators, then adults belong to omnivorous animals, eating and vegetable food. Low-fat small fish suit for this completely, the turtle will eat it entirely. It is good to take hake, perch, cod or crucian, but it is better not to use capelin, sprat or sprat for frequent feeding.
They are very fond of fish roe. Adults eat fish with their heads, and young people need to cut it into pieces.
If young turtles need to be fed every day, then large animals – only 2-3 times a week. Fish can be alternated with seafood: crabs, shrimp, octopus, squid. But they need to be heated to room temperature.
Additional food may be insects: locust, grasshoppers, mealworms, snails, washed earthworms, bloodworms. Be careful with the tracks, they can cause poisoning.
Dry food can be included, but fish and seafood should be required. In the second year of life, the turtle can also be fed meat. Fatty varieties are better to exclude, but poultry and beef are sometimes suitable.
But in meat there is a lot of protein and not enough calcium and vitamins. It is better to give it a little, just once a week.
Useful for turtles chicken or beef liver, rich in vitamin A. Vegetable food is best given to grown turtles, who have already gained a little weight, throwing it in thin pieces directly into the water. But not all turtles love it.
Leaves of lettuce, cabbage, dandelion or dried sea kale will do. You can cut into thin slices vegetables and fruits, but spicy herbs (dill or parsley) are preferred by only a few specimens.
It is quite simple to equip an aquarium for a red-eared turtle, and the maintenance of such a pet will not bring much trouble. Only for more than an hour without water, do not hold them so that the skin does not dry out.
If you start taking them from your very young age, they will get used to the person and do not bite. You can even get a couple of turtles at home so that they have more fun.
Arranging a terrarium for a red-eared turtle do it yourself requires consideration of some features of these amphibians.
Do-it-yourself terrarium requirements for a turtle
Firstly, the water area of the terrarium is necessary (therefore, such containers are also called aquaterrariums). Moreover, recent studies suggest that turtles feel much better in a deep enough aquarium, where they can swim freely. The second necessary area is an island of land where the turtle can bask.
Usually, the rays of the illumination and UV lamps are directed at it. Such an island should be no higher than 20 cm from the surface of the aquarium so that the tortoise cannot escape from it.
So, consider how to make the design of the terrarium with your own hands.
How to equip an aquarium for a turtle :: arrangement of an aquarium for a red-eared turtle :: Equipment and accessories
The turtle is the most suitable pet for those who are attracted to calm and unhurried creatures. But their content has its own subtleties. For example, it is necessary to create comfortable conditions for keeping both an amphibian and a ground turtle, since they cannot walk around the apartment with a person, like a cat or a dog.
What is required for the maintenance of domestic turtles?
- For the red-eared turtle:
- – aquarium;
- – incandescent lamp;
- – soil (fine gravel or coarse sand);
- – one or two thermometers;
- – water filter;
- – water heater;
- – island of land for recreation.
- For the Central Asian tortoise:
- – aviary or terrarium;
- – soil (sand with peat);
- – thermometer;
- – incandescent lamp;
- – water tank.
1. The most common species of turtles are red-eared and central Asian. The first of these is a freshwater inhabitant, the second is a landwater.
Representatives of both of these types can be kept in the same apartment, but their conditions of detention are sufficiently different.
2. If you plan to settle a red-eared turtle, you will need an aquarium with a volume of 100-150 liters per individual. It is better to choose a container of silicate glass, since scratches from turtle claws will be too noticeable on the surface of an aquarium of organic glass.
Clean coarse sand or fine gravel will be suitable as soil.
3. Red-eared turtles spend in water a sufficiently large part of their time, but they need the islands of land for rest. The island should be large enough, about a quarter the size of the total area of the aquarium.
In order for the turtle to be comfortable to climb out of the water onto the land, a gradually rising slope with an uneven surface is especially good, to which your pet can cling to claws. Such an island can be purchased at the pet store.
4. Above the island you need to install an incandescent lamp so that the tortoise released from the water can warm up. Plants in the aquarium, where the red-eared turtle lives, should not be planted, as they will not stay there anyway for a long time – your pet will eat them. Therefore, for the design of the aquarium is better to use large stones and snags.
The turtle will not eat artificial plants (although it will certainly try), but it can dig them up.
5. The water temperature in the aquarium for a sandback turtle should be 25-30 ° C. To maintain the temperature at the right level, you need an aquarium heater and thermostat.
It is also recommended to purchase two thermometers – one to control the external temperature, the other to monitor the water temperature. In the aquarium, you also need to install a filter for water purification, as the food for eared turtles belong to the perishable variety.
6. In the aquarium, or rather, the terrarium, for the Central Asian tortoise water is not necessary to pour. Such a turtle will have enough free access to a container with water, in which she can, if she wishes, lie down, as in a bath.
The common belief that a land turtle can live crawling throughout an apartment is fundamentally wrong. Such a turtle needs a ground, which it could dig, obeying its natural needs, as well as a lamp under which it could warm itself.
There is a great risk that the tortoise walking around the apartment will inadvertently come. Dangers are also drafts that can provoke a cold. Therefore, it is better to make a choice in favor of a rather spacious aviary, where the tortoise will be at rest and safe.
Sand mixed with peat is suitable as a soil. Make sure that the temperature under the lamp was about + 25-28C.
It is not necessary to be hooked into the aquarium to the red-eared turtle of amphibians of other species. The turtle can eat or hurt them.
Do not place the island for a snail turtle closer than 30 cm from the edge of the aquarium – otherwise your Tortilla may be tempted to stroll.
Domestic turtle at home: content from A to Z
For almost everyone who wants to have a turtle, the first problem is to find an adequate capacity and purchase equipment. And then they begin to understand that the content is more complex than they imagined.
And very often the owners simply do not buy what they need, and then the animal suffers and dies.
There is even such a simple thing, how to put a terrarium on can cause problems. Aquarium for a red-eared turtle from 150 liters, plus water, equipment, shore.
The output will be more than three hundred pounds, and not just a table stand it.
A more spacious aquarium will allow your aquatic turtle to remain more active and healthy. Attention! Remember – if you keep the tortoise in crush, it will not remain small!
This is a common misconception that also applies to aquarium fish and other animals. She will be sick, twisted, but not small!
Since the red-eared turtle is a water species, it spends most of its time in water, so monitoring its quality is very important. Turtles eat, sleep and empty into the water, so filter, change it often.
Dirty water is one of the sources of discomfort, disease and infection.
The minimum water level in the aquarium is such that the tortoise could roll over if it suddenly finds itself on its back. That is not less than the width of its shell. However, if possible, you need to keep it higher, because the more water, the more stable it is and the cleaner it remains.
When this access to the shore of a turtle should be free, it should be able at any time to climb on it and warm up.
The water must be set aside for at least 24 hours, so that chlorine leaves it and it acquires room temperature. Attention!
The temperature of the water in the aquarium with a red-eared turtle should be 22-28 ° C and not fall below 20, if you have this possible, then it should be heated with a heater. Be sure to use a thermometer, do not trust your feelings!
The cleanliness of the water is very important, as the turtles eat and empty in it. Very quickly accumulate harmful substances, ammonia and nitrates, the water begins to stink.
To avoid this, the water in the aquarium with a red-ear turtle is replaced once or twice a week. You can also use an internal or external filter, however, this does not cancel the water change.
For a turtle, internal filters are too thin, and external filters are good, but are quite expensive.
How long can a turtle live without water? For a long time, it happens that they run away from the aquarium and the owners find them only after a few days, sluggish, but alive.
In general, a day or two she will live in peace, but will suffer from drying out.
Omnivorous, feeding on various types of food. Diversity is important because it supports the health of the turtle. What to feed the red-eared tortoise?
You can feed: artificial feed, feed for aquarium fish, vegetables, aquarium plants, insects, fish, invertebrates. In addition to diversity, it is important to give a balanced diet high in calcium.
Like all wild animals that live at home, there is a tendency to overeating.
Young turtles are mostly omnivores. But as they grow and mature, they become more and more herbivorous. Omnivorous means that in the diet a large amount of protein, but in adult turtles, it is much less.
Turtles of any age will prefer live prey or carrion, but it is necessary to feed it only occasionally. You also need to additionally give calcium for the normal formation and growth of the shell in the turtle.
They eat almost everything, but the main food may well be artificial feed for aquatic turtles, the benefit of their many options and species. Their composition is specially selected to provide all the necessary substances for turtles.
High protein content in commercial feeds allows you to give them in small portions.
To make feeding more balanced, add calcium and vegetable feed and your turtle will be quite happy. Consider that calcium supplements most often go in commercial feeds, read the inscriptions on the packaging.
Red-skinned turtles need water for swallowing, as they do not produce saliva. They can take food on land, but will drag it into the water to eat.
You can use it for your own benefit and feed them in a separate tank, so the water in the aquarium will remain clean for a longer time.
Feeding artificial feed