I greet you friends! Finally, I got to the computer and was able to write a post on how to properly care for the aquarium. This question is asked by every novice aquarist after or before buying an aquarium.
This topic is very responsible and serious, so I advise you to read the article carefully and remember all the important operations.
After you have set up your aquarium, launched it, planted the necessary aquarium plants and launched the fish, the jar should be tidied regularly and maintained clean. All aquariums are individual, so everyone needs a special approach. The list of procedures depends on the size of the aquarium, the number of inhabitants, design and type of equipment.
Many factors depend on the presence in the home aquarium plants. Below, I want to describe the main activities for the care of the aquarium and provide you with important recommendations.
For example, the notion of changing water once a week is quite common. But in some aquariums you need to partially replace the water more often than once a week and not 1/5 of the volume. Normally, you should compile a list of necessary measures for the care of the aquarium and a schedule for them, guided by the desired and necessary measures.
If you disassemble this process in time frames, then the following picture will turn out approximately: you will spend 10-15 minutes daily and several hours on the day off.
Daily care operations for the aquarium are as follows: feeding fish and monitoring their health. In addition, be sure to check the health of all the aquarium equipment.
Inspection of fish spend best at the time of feeding. When you call them to eat, they begin to accumulate near the surface near the front glass and the fish clearly visible.
If you have only night residents, you will have to wait until the evening until the lights in the aquarium are cut out, and then arm yourself with a lantern and examine the number and their condition with a flashlight. If a sick fish is found, it is better to immediately remove it from the general aquarium to quarantine.
In a timely manner, catch the bodies of dead fish from the water, do not allow them to decompose in the water or other fish feed on the dead meat.
Weekly care for an aquarium consists of changing the water, shortening the plants, siphoning the soil, cleaning the glass, decorative elements (snags, stones and other decorations) and rinsing the filter. I disassemble my filter and wash it twice a month.
Depending on the volume of the aquarium, the amount of fresh water to be added and the frequency of changes will vary. These two parameters depend on the amount of nitrates in the water.
I have already written about the nitrate cycle in the aquarium, you can click on the link and get acquainted.
First, I recommend that you replace 1/5 of the total, but if the nitrates crawl up sharply, you will have to change the amount of water being replaced. In case of poisoning of the aquarium, you will have to replace 1/3 of the total volume several times. To change the water in the aquarium you need to get a siphon with a funnel.
The required amount of water is pumped out from the bottom where the detritus is located. When the pumping process is completed, top up with freshly distilled water in the jar.
When water changes, some aquarists use a special device for cleaning the substrate. With the help of this tool, you will be able to renew the aquarium soil and remove detritus from its surface.
But I want to warn you about the constant violation of the structure of the aquarium soil. These actions will attract the disruption of the biological treatment of organic waste, which occurs in the thickness of the substrate.
If you constantly stir up the filtering layer of the soil, then you significantly worsen the bottom filtration. In addition, this action will entail an increase in the concentration of nitrite and ammonia.
The fact is that on the surface of the substrate live colonies of aerobic bacteria, which take an active part in the nitrogen cycle of the aquarium. If you swap layers of soil, these bacteria in the lower layers simply die because of the lack of oxygen. If the size of the soil fraction is within the average parameters (2-5mm), then the fish shit and the remnants of food will not penetrate into the lower layers of the soil. In general, this is a normal phenomenon in any aquarium.
The alarm should be struck if the ground is heavily and quickly clogged with this waste. In this case, you need to cut the rations to your pets.
Waste is different
In this section, I want to give a little attention to the important points that most aquarists spat from the high bell tower. We imagine the picture: the filter chases the aquarium water through itself for days, colonies of the most important bacteria have settled in it, the water is not muddy, mechanical suspensions settle on the filtering material, everything is shorter. There is also invisible dirt that not every filter can remove.
I am talking about decay products, which in high concentrations are very harmful for fish and the aquarium as a whole. Only water changes and the normal flow of the nitrogen cycle protect aquarium pets from being poisoned by this rubbish.
Solids floating in a fish tank are harmless and neutral. Fish still emit invisible excrement into the water in the form of ammonia, which is very toxic in high concentrations for the inhabitants of the aquarium. It turns out that removing only solid particles from the water is only part of the story.
You should not be alarmed about the latest suspensions, as this is a normal situation in a “mature” aquarium system. In an aquarium with established biological equilibrium, various wastes recycle bacteria in the nitrate cycle.
But there may also be another situation in which the aquarium water seems to be clean in appearance, but there is an unreal amount of nitrite and ammonia in it. This phenomenon will occur only when the intensity of the nitrate cycle is disturbed.
At the same time almost all toxic substances are completely recycled.
This operation consists of mechanically removing algae from the walls of the aquarium and its décor elements using scrapers and magnetic wipers. I wrote about the latter in an article about aquarists’ gadgets.
I only advise you to gently clean the glass in the corners of the aquarium with scrapers with a blade, since you can accidentally cut the sealant, and this can lead to very disastrous consequences.
Care of the filter depends on the type of device (mechanical, chemical and biological) and its model. Depending on these parameters, we are guided by the instructions for the device and various recommendations.
I will not dwell on the care and thinning of aquarium plants; instead, I recommend that you read the following article: “How to care for aquarium plants.” I can only say that this operation refers to the weekly care of the aquarium.
That’s probably all that concerns the care of the aquarium, could miss something, because I wrote this article already sleepy at night, please do not throw mud at all. It is better to indicate your thoughts in the comments, where we will continue our discussion.
See you soon!