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Aquarium care and maintenance

maintenance, care, compatibility

Aquarium for beginners: care, content, useful video

The motivation for writing this article was the frequent appeal of newcomers to aquarism at FORUM FanFishka.ru. Almost every day, newly minted owners of the aquarium world ask their questions to which they either do not know the answers, or need advice, or have problems after the first launch of the aquarium.

All who asked for help on the forum, did not go unheeded! Even if the newcomer had gross or absurd mistakes, I never scolded him, and tried to explain what was what planned.

But, at some stage, I realized that I would not be enough for everyone and that I needed methodological material for beginners!

Looking at the already written materials from the site FanFishka.ru, I saw a sufficient number of articles – “about the first steps into the aquarium kingdom”. But, all of them were scattered and only mutually complementary.

After analyzing further similar materials on the Internet, my desire to write a decent, systematic material, only intensified!

For constructive conversation, let’s break down the article into sections:

1. AQUARIUM FOR BEGINNERS: arrangement, launch, frequent questions, problems.

2. FISHING AND PLANTS FOR BEGINNERS: what are the issues that are necessary, problems.

3. NUANS OF YOUNG AQUARIUM: rules that will help to avoid problems with the aquarium.


arrangement, launch, frequent questions, problems

To create an aquarium world, you need not only the aquarium itself, but also related products. Many beginners make the mistake of buying only the minimum part of the necessary equipment.

And then they begin to run in a hurry in search of a product.

Remember, as Captain Vrungel said: “How do you call a ship, so it will sail.” The first launch of the aquarium should be perfect – and this will be the key to the joy and pleasure from aquarium contemplation, eliminates possible problems and difficulties, and most importantly will give you invaluable experience.

In the future, you can miss something, lazy … but not now!

Below are links to articles in this section, in bold, priority articles are highlighted:

Running Aquarium from A to Z

An example of an aquarium design 100 liters

Aquarium decoration

Which aquarium is better


I WANT TO GO TO FISH: how to equip the first aquarium.

AQUARIUM BEGINNING: the basics of the aquarium, the basics of aquarium

FIRST AQUARIUM DAYS: Start the creation of the aquarium world of fish!




Boiled thawed or distilled water for aquarium

Seashells in the aquarium

SMALL AQUARIUM merits and demerits!

LACK OF THE AQUARIUM, but are these fish really necessary?


Other questions on the forum …

Here’s another, for convenience, as a reminder – I give a list of what ponabitsya for a novice aquarist:

– lighting, if not included;

– aquatic organisms: fish, plants, mollusks, etc .;

– food for prospective fish;

– inventory: net, siphon, aquarium silicone, sponges, buckets. Secondary – hoses, valves, windshield wipers, other;

Plus, I recommend to all beginners to buy immediately a means to stabilize the aquarium water. It is called the water stabilizer. Different brands have different names, here are some of them: Tetra Aqua Safe, Sera aquatan, Sera bio nitrivec … others.

Read about them here AQUARIUM CHEMISTRY.

The above articles fully disclose all the nuances of buying, installing and running an aquarium. Below are the blitz answers to the most frequent questions of novice aquarists.

one. Question: Is it possible to put the aquarium on the furniture? In the kitchen?

Bath and so on?

Answer: Can. It is important that the surface of the furniture was solid and withstand the weight of the aquarium with water, soil and decorations. The aquarium can be placed anywhere, as long as direct sunlight does not fall on it.

Cooking, bathing does not interfere with the life of the fish.

2 Question: After the launch of the aquarium, the water turned cloudy – became whitish!?

Answer: Nothing wrong with that. When you first fill the aquarium with water for the first time, the reservoir’s biobalance is not yet tuned, because This is a long process.

Primary adaptation processes of aquarium water occur. The whiteness of the water will pass itself in 3-7 days.

3 Question: What kind of water to pour into the aquarium? How often should it be changed?

Answer: It is necessary to fill in at least a day separated water. Otherwise, you can run into trouble, for example, gas embolus.

Yes … you can fill the aquarium with tap water – but, counting on it at random.

The substitution of aquarium water is purely individual and depends on the size of the aquarium, the number of fish and plants, and other factors. In general, it is customary to replace water once a week.

But, as the poll on our site shows, this is not a dogma.

“How often do you change aquarium water to fresh water?”

four. Question: Is it possible to decorate an aquarium with statuettes, shells, beads, etc.

Answer: Can. But, you must make sure that the material from which the decor is made is not soluble in water. The same shells undergo a gradual dissolution in aquarium water, which increases, albeit slightly, the rigidity of aquarium water.

Painted, plastic items are best not to use. Metal – are prohibited.


what is necessary, issues issues

Giving advice on choosing fish for a novice aquarist, you can immediately get rid of him with the phrase: “Choose unpretentious in the content, small fish, for example, from the family of petsilievi – guppies, swordtails, radishes, etc.”.

But who thought it up that it is impossible to immediately start large, beautiful fish – the same tsikhlazom: severum, diamond or black-striped? If you properly care for them, then there will be no problems.

And if you do not follow the aquarium and let everything go to chance, then the guppies will die in a week.

Perhaps the main qualification when choosing aquarium fish are your abilities and desires.

The opposite situation is with aquarium plants. It’s not so simple. The success of plant maintenance is LIGHT + SUPPLY + CO2.

Their deficiency leads to the death or poor health of plants.

Unfortunately, in the aquarium covers that come with, as a rule, there are 15-18 watt light bulbs, the power of which is insufficient for the normal existence of aquarium plants. Therefore, before you start a plant you need to study everything and prepare in advance.

The initial way out of this situation may be unpretentious, resistant aquarium plants that are not pretentious to the conditions of detention.

Below are the articles that fully and comprehensively disclose this section.

Aquarium Fish Compatibility



TOP: The most beautiful aquarium fish and fish!

The most unpretentious little aquarium fish


What fish live in the aquarium. What kind of fish to get?


Purchasing Transplant Fish Transportation

AQUARIUM PLANTS: let’s talk about the benefits of plants for your aquarium!

CO2 for aquarium

The benefits and dangers of CO2 in an aquarium

Why in the aquarium …

YOU CAN AQUARIUM: all the answers

Fish and snails: enemies or friends!

How much are the fish or the price of aquarium fish!

How much can the fish in the aquarium

Perhaps the most important thing when choosing fish is to take into account their compatibility and the volume of “living space”. Do not chase the quantity!

Frequently asked questions by novice aquarists in this section:

one. Question: Did the fishes get covered with white dots, bumps?

Answer: This is ichthyophthiriosis or “semolina” fish. It is treated with Tetra Contral or Sera Kostapur. Read more here:

Ichthyotiria how to treat semolina in aquarium fish


Discussion on the forum

2 Question: Fish die, why, what to do?

Answer: Here

Why die fish or the sad fate of goldfish!

The first symptoms of fish disease


We also recommend you to see the colorful brochure. Popular types of aquarium fish. This brochure contains all the popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)


rules that will help to avoid problems with the aquarium


Unfortunately, they have such a job – to smell you as much as possible. Often the sellers’ advice is wrong and aimed only at one greedy enrichment at your expense.


Actually this rule follows from the previous one – it is your weapon in the fight against lies. Your own opinion based on what you read is the key to success not only in aquarism.

Read several materials on the topic of interest, for comparison and analysis.


Do not rush, do everything thoroughly. It is impossible to get ahead of time – everything that was done in a hurry will collapse soon.


Feed the fish once a day, “do not rub” the aquarium daily, do not fill the aquarium with fish and plants. In fact: aeration, filtration, normal water temperature and feed – these are the basic living conditions of the fish.


This will give you the opportunity to quickly adjust the bio balance of the aquarium, to keep it clean, and in the case of illness of pets – to take action on time.


Aquaria – a very delicate matter. If you buy aquariums for beginners, it is best to focus on their equipment and only then think about starting.

After all, everything requires maintenance and care, and the aquarium is no exception to the rules. In the new aquarium, the water needs to be changed not immediately, but only after several months. And the basic rules for the care of an artificial reservoir – is the replacement of water, but partial.

You also need to look for algae. Do not forget to change the filter, clean the soil.

Do not forget to also check the readings of the thermometer. And remember, you need to disturb the aquatic inhabitants as little as possible.

Fish do not like it.

The third rule – conditions for fish: what should they be?

The fourth condition is the right equipment.

The fifth rule – the filter must be washed in the aquarium water

The seventh rule – the launch of a new fish spend slowly!

The tenth rule – aquarism is my hobby!

In the care of fish an important place is occupied by the correct feeding. It is advisable to give food from one to two times a day in the amount that the fish eat in 10-20 minutes. They must be fed at the same time and in one place.

Siphon is better to immediately remove the remnants of food and prevent contamination. The diet of the feed should be different – dry, vegetable, bloodworm or frozen.

Proper and high-quality care for all types of aquarium fish is the maintenance of a clean environment of their habitat and regular partial replacement of water. Once a week it is necessary to change 20% of the total water volume.

Before that, defend it for 2-3 days to get rid of all chlorine vapors. Full replacement of water is very rare – it is undesirable for the inhabitants of the aquarium.

The soil should be constantly cleaned with siphon from the remnants of food and waste products, otherwise the biological balance can be disturbed in the aquarium.

To ensure the fish a comfortable life you need to have in the aquarium – a heater, aeration, lighting, soil, plants. It is important not to overcrowd aquarium fish.

For every centimeter of an adult fish an average of one and a half liters of water should fall, and for some species even more.

Aquarium fish – a great opportunity to create a corner of wildlife at home. Considering all the recommendations for care, and correctly combining the inhabitants of the aquarium, its content does not cause much trouble.

Install and run aquarium care content cleaning clearance.


Well, we bought an aquarium, now we need to install it. Wash it in warm water, it is strictly forbidden to wash it with soda or other cleaning agents. Put the aquarium on a flat surface in order to evenly distribute the load

at the bottom of the aquarium. You can also put a travel mat or foam thin layer under the aquarium. Then we proceed to the arrangement of the aquarium, we lay the primer. But before that, it needs to be washed several times in tap water. The soil has three types of natural, artificial, neutral. If you

Installation and start of an aquarium

If you plan on living plants, natural soil is best suited for them, if artificial plants are artificial or neutral, respectively. Soil height should not be less than five
see, it is necessary for the root system of plants. The following is our action
will be the installation of the scenery here as they say it will please the soul. My advice is buy dek

Oration only in stores and in the markets should not be laid in an aquarium that horrible, and then a bacterial outbreak may occur and all the water in the aquarium will become cloudy.

Fill the aquarium with water and wait for it to stand for three days. On the fourth day we plant the plants, you can plant the rear wall of the aquarium with fully-living plants will be very nice and useful for aquarium fish who like to hide in aquarium plants

care content cleaning clearance.

Turn on the compressor and set the aquarium water heater to set the temperature from 26-28 degrees. We turn on the lighting based on 0.5-1 watts per 1 liter of water and wait two days to begin the process of installing the biological balance in the aquarium, thereby preparing the first launch of aquarium fish and already on the sixth day you can make the first launch of unpretentious fish such as guppies, swordtails, gourami, mollies.Aquarium fish
which are more whimsical in their content, such as, for example, the scalar run in a week for 12 days. We do the first water change for 30 percent in an aquarium for 30 days, this is necessary again for a sustainable biological balance.

In this blog, I showed the basic steps for the proper launch of the aquarium, but not only showed but also tried to explain why and for what purpose we are doing this. Many people buying an aquarium approach this figuratively believing that it is easy, and then we see the result of dead fish, rotting plants, muddy water.

Installation and start of an aquarium

If you want a lush plant and healthy fish, you need to understand in detail all the processes that take place, ask yourself why I need to have lush plants and answer myself because I have natural soil, lighting is normal, all the water temperature requirements and water hardness are met. Aquarium fish choose soul, we care for the mind.

Installing and running aquarium VIDEO

  1. Feeding the fish should be carried out twice a day, flaky or granulated feed. Goldfish can still eat frozen, live, vegetable, artificial foods. Very much like peeled peas, which is useful for digestion. Vegetable food (cucumbers, zucchini, salads) finely chop to make it easy to swallow. Overfeeding pets should not be – it is dangerous to health.

  • Quality maintenance and care must take into account the parameters of the aquatic environment. Test water for nitrites, ammonia and ionic hydrogen (hydrogen) pH. Ammonia should be 0, the pH should be 6.5-8.0, and the degree of nitrate is allowed below 20. If this degree is above 40, then you have a very fish-filled aquarium, or you do not replace the water at the right time! If ammonia and nitrites were detected in the water, therefore, bio-filtration in your tank has not yet been established. Permissible water temperature is 15-20 ° C.
  • Caring for the tank should be conducting a weekly replacement of water. Once a week, change 30-50% of the water in the aquarium. Updating all aquarium water is dangerous for wholesome unicellular organisms that cleave fish waste. It is mandatory to do the process of dechlorination before making fresh water in the aquarium.
  • Clean the gravel one in 2 weeks. Do the procedure using a vacuum gravel filter device that cleans the litter while draining the water. For tropical aquariums, it is recommended to perform this function once every 30 days, but for goldfish (there is more than enough waste from them), always provide a clean environment.
  • Spend time with goldfish as often as possible. Caring for her involves constant communication and eye contact. When she gets used to you, the content of the pet will be even more beautiful. Veiltails will begin to recognize you, and when you take care of them, they will begin to recognize your hand while nursing, and not be afraid of it.
  • If your goldfish happened to be on the floor, or a cat got out of the aquarium (this happens often), quickly wet your hands, and with wet hands, run the fish back into the pond. So she will not be under great stress. Be sure to cover the tank lid so that such cases do not recur.
  • Keep track of the scenery in the tank. If you notice sharp corners, rotted trees, broken glass or ceramics, immediately remove them from the tank. All decorations before placing in the aquarium should be processed in boiling water.
  • Aquarium frog content grooming compatibility breeding description.

    Both types are not too demanding on the conditions of detention. Spur frogs need an aquarium of 20–30 liters per pair, and at the same time fill it with water by half or a third. The tank should be covered with a lid or net.

    Ground – pebbles. The aquarium is equipped with a compressor or a small internal filter, you can use a waterfall filter, but there should not be a strong flow.

    In bright light is not necessary.

    The water temperature is about 22-25 ° C, the xenopuses are almost indifferent to the chemical indicators of water. An exception is the content of chlorine and fluorine in the water, so it is recommended to defend it before adding to the aquarium for at least 2-3 days.

    They change water once or twice a week at 20–25%, a number of authors recommend changing it less often as it grows turbid.

    Plants can only be planted hard-leaved, always in pots, otherwise they will be dug up immediately. Some lovers of these animals do the following: put a pot with a houseplant with hanging outlets next to an aquarium and place these shoots in an aquarium.

    In this case, the aquarium will be greened out and the roots of the plant will remain intact.

    For hymeno-viruses, the volume of the aquarium may be even smaller; 1-2 liters of water for such a frog is enough.

    Mandatory cover – hymeno-viruses, especially those caught in nature, often strive to escape.

    Water temperature for them is needed not lower than 24 ° C. A filter or compressor is desirable, but it should not be too powerful, so that in the aquarium there remain areas with still, standing water.

    At the bottom it is necessary to equip small shelters under which these quivering creatures can hide. Plants are very desirable, well, if they sometimes form dense thickets. Planting them is also better in pots.

    In the aquarium, you need to equip the lighting, because hymeno-viruses like to sometimes rise among the undergrowth to the surface and bask under the lamp, sticking the head and upper part of the body out of the water.

    Types of aquarium frogs

    Currently, aquariums contain two types of frogs: a smooth spur frog – xenopus (Xenopus laevis), which has been bred in captivity for many years, and a dwarf frog – hymeno-virus (Hymenochirus boettgeri), which has become popular not long ago. Adult frogs of these species vary greatly in their size, appearance, behavior, and peculiarities of their content.

    Frog in pet stores are often kept in the same tank and when selling do not always focus on their species.

    So, if the aquarium frogs are white or pinkish, with red eyes, then regardless of the size it is sportive. The albino spore frog was bred artificially at the Moscow Institute of Development Biology for laboratory experiments.

    If a small frog is grayish, brownish or olive in color with dark spots, then to determine the type, one should pay attention to the length and thickness of its limbs, the presence of membranes between the toes of the front paws and the pointedness of the muzzle. Spurs of wild-colored frogs are more dense, they have thicker legs with bandages, like babies, a rounded muzzle, and there are no membranes on the fingers.

    The hymeno-virus, on the contrary, has membranes, legs are long and slender, the muzzle is pointed. The size of an adult hymeno-virus, as a rule, does not exceed 4 cm, while the common frog grows to 10–12 cm.

    Decorative aquarium frogs – both xenopus and hymeno-viruses – prefer live food.

    For shporetsyh it can be flour and earthworms, crickets, large bloodworms, fry and tadpoles. You can give pieces of liver, meat, fish, shrimp from tweezers.


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