So far, we have considered small aquariums, suitable for aquarium enthusiasts who do not have much experience in working with an aquarium. And so, everything is going well, or you already had experience in installing and maintaining an aquarium, and you want to start an aquarium with a larger capacity: get new pets or transplant into a larger space of existing ones.
Contrary to popular belief that the larger the aquarium, the more trouble it will have, we have already been convinced that the opposite is true. To a small aquarium to bring a stable life support system for its inhabitants is much more difficult due to its small parameters.
You can read a huge number of articles about the fact that the first aquarium should be one hundred liters, that three cichlids require almost a whole sea of water, and shrimps should live exclusively in huge spaces.
All this is a delusion. The main thing is that if a normal supply of aquarium water with oxygen is made, the water is well filtered, it maintains the optimum temperature for a certain type of fish, and the necessary lighting is present.
And yet, care for different types of aquariums is fundamentally different, which is mainly due to the conditions of maintenance of their inhabitants. What is the feature of an aquarium of 40 liters?
How to equip it and what is needed for its long existence? In all these issues, try to figure out this time.
- 1 Compressor
- 2 Heater and thermometer
- 3 Lighting
- 4 What kind of fish and how much
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In some cases, this device can be called the “heart” of any vessel. This device performs one of the most important functions for maintaining the life of not only fish, but also vegetation.
The compressor is needed to saturate the water with oxygen. It is installed, as a rule, in the outer part of the aquarium both on the side and on its back.
After that, it is necessary to connect a special hose to it, which subsequently sinks to the bottom and connects to the sprayer. Compressors can be of several types. Depending on the installation location: internal and external.
If we talk about power then: using batteries or working on the network.
One of the most common mistakes inexperienced aquarists include night shutdown of the compressor. It is this act, which seemingly seems quite logical, can lead to irreparable consequences, since it is at night that oxygen consumption increases significantly.
Also, due to the suspension of photosynthesis, many plants begin to use carbon dioxide.
Also, this device is necessary for high-quality filter operation. It is worth emphasizing that even the presence of a large amount of vegetation in an aquarium does not lead to complete oxygenation of all the inhabitants of the underwater world.
And this is especially manifested when not only fish but also shrimps or even crayfish act as inhabitants of a vessel. Also, many experienced aquarists advise before starting to install the compressor to check its operation on the tank with vegetation.
Important! It is necessary to constantly make sure that such a phenomenon as supersaturation with oxygen does not occur.
Another important attribute in maintaining the normal functioning of any aquarium is the constant maintenance of the required temperature conditions. It is very difficult to overestimate the importance of a stable temperature in the vessel, since any sharp change in it can make a serious imbalance in the measured life of its inhabitants. As a rule, values in the range of 22-26 degrees are considered ideal indicators.
If tropical fishes are planned as residents of the aquarium, it is better to slightly raise the temperature to 28-29 degrees. But it is worth emphasizing that in order to better control any temperature changes, it is recommended to purchase a thermometer together with a heater.
The quality and level of light is quite serious for maintaining a comfortable life support in an aquarium. Therefore, it is not surprising that for the proper flow of all the vital processes in an artificial reservoir, you need to worry about the presence of artificial and high-quality light.
So, in his favor says the reduction of the day, depending on the seasons.
And if in the summer season there can still be enough natural light, after only a couple of months the need for auxiliary lighting devices will completely disappear. In addition, it should be noted that the intensity and brightness of light directly affects both the growth of the fish and their well-being. And this is not to mention the fact that the appearance of what is happening in the aquarium will be almost equal to 0.
Water parameters in the aquarium (ammonia, nitrite, nitrate – required): At start-up there were only test strips of 6/1 Tetra, so I cite the data of today’s inspection. Today, I also bought an NILPA test for ammonia-ammonium, the results say that the ammonia content is about 0.03 mg / l, or even lower, because titrated water was not green, but yellowish.
The indicators for the strips 6/1 are the following: nitrite – 0 mg / l; nitrates – 0.5 mg / l; GH – 8; КН – 6; pH 7.8; Sd – 0 mg / ml.
Fish in the aquarium (size, type, number): Danio different (fireflies, lime color, cherry) – 11 pieces. Three of them placed in the aqua on the second day after the launch, together with two ampouleries, and the rest came a day later, the other. Today (7 days after launch) two more Cordoras Sterb and 5 guppies were added.
At this, let us calm down, although we will rather buy one catfish, because the two of them are boring at the bottom.
Plants in the aquarium (species, planting density): Not a lot of plants. Three leafless leaves, was a hygrophil. but did not like, got rid. Stuff seven branches Bacopa, dwarf Anubias (although I’m not sure what it is, it is, but it looks like).
A branch of cabomba, although not sure what it is. Ekhinodorus.
Fertilizing and CO2: Fertilizers were not applied. To speed up the launch after pouring in water, two ampoules of START UP NANO were applied. BIO DIGEST + STOP AMMO preparation kit
Soil (and substrate if present): Substrates no. DENNERLE CRYSTAL QUARTZ dark brown 1-2mm, on top of the pebbles of different fractions, then mixed.
Scenery in the aquarium (material): Some kind of composite, rather plastic. Bought koryazhka small, but it is already difficult to find a place.
Equipment (filters, compressor, heater, etc.): Initially, the Aquatlantis Mini Biobox 2 filter was installed, but I changed it three days ago to AQUAEL TURBO-500. The compressor is Tetra APS 50, the heater is AQUAEL glass, while it is idle, the house is warm.
Standard temperature: 28 degrees
Water change (frequency and volume): Not produced yet
Lighting (type of lamps, spectrum, quantity, whether the light falls from the window): LED lighting that came with the aquarium.
Feeding (what to feed, how often, how much): I have an excellent appetite for fish, I feed Tetra Rubin twice a day with food, I bought Tetra Tab Mini tablets for catfish.
I ask the experienced to express their opinion about the aquarium, what should we pay close attention to now, what can be improved? From the intended target, find a place for the coagulum and seat anubias dangling on it.
I understand that the launch of the water was too fast, but where to go, we are not patient. Somewhere here on the forum I read that according to the rules they start to start when the first fish are dead, ours, thank God. very much alive, and some (danio cherry) still look at me and endure where they have so much energy. unclear.
The female hews her brethren, they already feel sorry for them. The sensation arises that she wants to eat, since the aggressive state is observed only when someone begins to emerge in the upper layers of water. She begins to throw at them and scare them away.
New settlers guppies today have squeezed their pill for somics, in the end I did not understand if they had supper. That’s why danios are not afraid, they are guppies. They do not even bother, they simply swim past their intended course.
Funny fishes. Like a set of fish peace-loving, should get along.
The only question is in densely populated. Do not bust?
Purely visually it does not give the impression that there are too many fish, like there is enough space for everyone. Due to the early launch of the fish, is it worth taking any additional steps to control the water or is it enough now to use test strips and check ammonia periodically?
Can some air conditioner pour in addition?
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