Those who like to engage in aquarium, know: there is no extra space in the aquarium. Fish will never give up the freedom and opportunity to frolic.
However, often the area on which it is supposed to place a water house, is limited. For example, you need to install it on the nightstand.
Then comes the one-stop solution: an aquarium of 30 liters.
This size suggests:
- specific design
- availability of mandatory equipment;
- suitable plants;
- reasoned number of inhabitants.
The choice is made, the acquisition took place, the question arises: how to properly arrange the aquarium to 30 liters?
Do not rush to launch animals. It is necessary to carefully prepare and create optimal conditions. They consist of:
- optimal lighting;
- water purification (filtration);
- preservation of temperature;
- safe biocenosis (compatibility of selected plant species, snails, amphibians, fish and other biological organisms).
Lamp for aquarium 30 liters should have a secure mount and create the optimal luminous flux. For this purpose, incandescent lamps (ordinary household electric lamps), fluorescent or LED lamps can be used.
The power of incandescent bulbs is determined at the rate of 1.2-1.5 watts per liter of volume. This kind of lighting is simple, but has several disadvantages: its luminous flux is clearly directed to one point, the water around this place is very hot, and the power consumption is unreasonably high.
The water in such an aquarium may begin to bloom, the walls are covered with yellow (if there is a lack of light) or green (if there is a surplus) with bloom. In aquariums equipped with electric lamps, a frequent visitor is a blue-green alga and “black beard”.
It is advantageous to equip an aquarium with a size of 30 liters with luminescent lighting options (sufficient power will be 15–20 W). Lamps can be daylight or have a certain yellowness.
Their mechanism of operation provides a good light output, efficiency and the absence of a heating effect. The disadvantage is the mercury vapor contained in the instrument.
In the case of the smallest crack or split, they will fall into the air of the room and create certain problems for people’s health.
The optimal and modern option for nano aquariums – LED lamps. They are certainly more expensive, but economical, safe and effective.
In addition to the options described today, designers use low-power lamps that have color shades. Thanks to them, the scales of fish shimmer, the green of the plants becomes expressive, and the corals and other design elements acquire a mysterious appearance.
For greater effect, place them at the bottom, along the line of intersection of the faces, behind the rear wall.
Life in an aquarium of 30 liters, especially if it is not the smallest varieties of fish, is full of problems. One of the main ones is the lack of oxygen, as a result of which the artificial microclimate suffers and:
- fish suffer from asphyxia;
- vegetation has a dull color and does not grow well;
- waste products of living beings do not decompose and create prerequisites for the processes of decay.
To avoid this, a thirty-liter aquarium must be equipped with an aerator (or compressor) for air injection. Today there are many options for sale.
Based on the existing canons (for 1 liter of water a power of 1 W / h is needed), a 30 W compressor will be a good option.
Install the device outside the aquarium. The hose from it is easily pulled to the bottom and ends with a spray. Often, for the original design, he hides inside the shells, in design objects, or simply in thick plants.
This gives the inner world originality and similarity with the depths of the sea.
The disadvantage of such compressors is buzzing during operation, especially for devices of considerable power. Many of them have a work force switching regulator.
During the day, you can switch it yourself.
The water in the aquarium is constantly polluted. These are remnants of obsolete plants, fish excrement, and pathogenic bacteria, which could get inside if live food was used. Of course, you can change all the water once a week, wash the soil and rinse the plants.
But, firstly, in the case of a volume of 30 liters it is difficult. Secondly, the constant fishing of fish can lead to their traumatization.
In order not to expose the fish to danger, as well as to eliminate the toxic effects of pollutants, a suitable filter is necessary. Which of them can fit a 30 l water house? The one whose manufacturer has determined the power within 40 watts.
The exact figure should be determined taking into account the set of planned fish. It is necessary to be guided by their needs in the volumes of water that is driven out.
The operation of any filter requires attention and care. Compliance is important:
- electrical safety rules;
- regular cleaning;
- full immersion of the device in water;
- placing it in an aquarium at a certain distance from the bottom (most often – 3-4 centimeters).
If the aquarium filter was pulled out or a power outage occurred, it should be installed back and put into operation only after complete cleaning. This is necessary to prevent the backflow of contaminants into the water.
Even a beginner aquarist, who seeks to care for his hobby carefully, knows that water temperatures are an important component of a good life. In addition to filtration, an aquarium of thirty liters must have a heating element and a thermometer.
The fact is that even in the vital activity of the same fish at certain stages it is required to raise or lower the temperature (for example, during the spawning period). It is known that the higher the temperature, the faster the fish grow, but they also end their life cycles faster.
With the help of regulators it can be done with sufficient accuracy.
Water heaters offered today suggest the possibility to set the necessary parameters using a special regulator. However, with the help of a heater, the temperature can only be adjusted upwards.
Cool water will only naturally or by adding cold. This is important for corridors and cardinals: their rules are to live in cool water.
It is possible to pick up the heater mechanical or electronic. The first option will cost less, but it is not as accurate.
This is especially important if you intend to engage in the cultivation of capricious species.
There is a bottom option for water heating equipment. It is placed in the ground, between the snags and roots of plants.
Knowing that warm streams of water rise up, thus mixing all layers and its uniform heating is ensured. This option has the only negative side: it is difficult to remove during the sanitization process.
It is also good to control the temperature above the water, especially if there are labyrinth fish in it, for example, gourami. If it rises to the surface in order to inhale the air, it will receive a portion with a temperature 5 ° C below water, it may die.
The arrangement of the aquarium continues with the selection of soil and plants.
If in the 30-liter aquarium there will be small fish living in the near-bottom way of life (digging the ground, digging up plants, raising the remains of food that settled to the bottom), you must choose a soft, shallow ground that excludes traumatic elements.
For large fish, preferring the upper and middle layers of water, the size of the soil is not so important. It may have large particles or be absent altogether.
In this case, aquarium plants are placed along the bottom in special pots.
The quality of the soil also matters in the period when the fish will multiply.
On the numerous photos and videos on the Internet you can find as many designs as you like, with colored soils. It is beautiful, but not always safe.
You need to be confident in the environmental performance of the paints used and their durability, as well as safety for fish and plants.
Nano-aquarium (capacity less than 40 liters) will seem larger if the ground is light. However, it quickly loses its brightness and requires replacement.
Whatever the option, before placing the soil on the bottom it should be thoroughly rinsed. After pre-soaking the water is drained. Then washed until it becomes transparent.
Many have resorted to boiling or steaming in the oven.
Aquarium plants prefer small- or medium-grained soil. He “breathes” well and has a high ventilation coefficient.
Types of plants are selected taking into account compatibility with each other and with fish. It is important compliance with the rules of placement of flora.
In a small aquarium should not pick up plants with large leaves. They will cover the rest of the light, located at the bottom and along the perimeter.
As the plants grow, they need thinning, removal of the outdated parts, cleaning the surface of large leaves from settled dirt.
The appearance of the aquarium (its picture) will depend on the availability of design elements. With them in an aquarium of such volume one should not be too zealous.
Various similarities of destroyed ships, castles, or grottoes of the sea depths, occupying a significant part of the glass nano house, often reduce the ability of fish to active movement and prevent them from leading their usual way of life.
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