Dear colleagues! Today I will not talk about aquarium fish or plants.
This post will be easy and developing. I will tell you today how aquaria in Brazil is doing.
Unlike Peru, where aquarism and fishing for this hobby is highly developed. Brazil is surprising in scope.
Brazil itself is a fairly developed country with a large amount of investment in it, contributing to the growth of the economy and industry. However, the rapid growth of the economy adversely affects the nature of the country. The Amazon jungle suffers greatly due to the massive cutting of trees.
The Brazilians hope that the hysterical deforestation of the rainforest will cease soon.
But back to the aquarium! The main center of Peru, where all caught fish is brought, is the city of Iquitos.
In Brazil, this center is the city of Manaus. The city is quite large, also called the capital of the Amazon. The main population of the city is Europeans, who moved to Manaus back in the 1930s.
The descendants of European immigrants are engaged in aquarium business and aquarium business. The fish themselves are caught by the locals who enter into a contract with the company. The company is looking for fishermen and hires them under a contract.
After the required number of fishermen is gathered, the place of fishing and the time of this process are stipulated. During the specified time, the fishermen must completely catch the specified territory.
It is clear that hired fishermen are not ichthyologists by education and profession, so they catch everything that comes handy.
The entire catch in Manaus will be sorted by other people. 16 hours after catching and sorting, the fish is packed and sent by plane to Sao Paulo. In this city, the fish is repacked and perederzhivayut, after which it is sent to different countries of the world.
In Iquitos only a few firms are engaged in catching and supplying aquarium fish. But there are several dozen of them in Manaus and the conveyor belt is much better organized.
Here, in principle, nothing surprising, because in Brazil this business is managed by pedants-Germans. In addition, the leaders of these companies supplying aquarium fish themselves notorious aquarists who have been interested in this hobby for more than a dozen years.
Therefore, they are all grasped and adjusted. There is one more thing in Peru that prevents the development of aquarism.
Peruvians are convinced that the fish in the house attracts misfortune. The Brazilians, on the contrary, believe that the fish in the house is very good.
But let’s still continue about Manaus and find out how fishing is done in the Amazon jungle. A boat with swimmers-divers goes from Manaus to the designated place for fishing. This process is under the control of the police, so with fishing for aquariums here strictly.
Hired swimmers go fishing in the indicated location for five days. The depth of the river where fishing occurs reaches 10-15 meters + strong current and poor visibility. Because of this, the guys have to dive into the river with an aqualung and a lantern.
So Makar caught in Brazil loricarid. The diver should sink to the bottom and quickly collect catfish and float to the surface.
But these people do not know the concept of decompression sickness and do not know how to properly emerge from great depths. Very often, such actions kill not only fish, but also the divers themselves. At best, they get off with disabilities.
They have repeatedly tried to tell you how to properly emerge from such depths, but it’s all like the wall of peas. Their logic is iron: “If a neighbor catches faster, then he will get more money.”
And the fact that you can go to the next world because of such actions excites them a little.
Brazilian export companies are mainly engaged in loricarids, which the Germans treat with excessive scruples and meticulousness. In addition to loricaride, Brazil exports discus, character, including red neon, corridors. In addition, the country supplies some types of apistograms and geophaguses from cichlids.
The blue and golden forms of Microgeophagus remirezi are caught in limited quantities. But catching freshwater rays in Brazil do not trade, this is done by Colombia and Peru. In addition to catching freshwater fish, Brazil actively exports marine fish.
The process is similar to that on Amazon.
What surprised me was that in Brazil no one seriously engaged on an industrial scale in collecting and exporting aquarium plants. Even if you go to a local pet store, you’ll hardly see them there. All South American plants are collected and sent to Asia, where they are grown by the conveyor method, and only then they get to our markets and shops.
Also in Brazil are not engaged in catching live-bearing carpsit despite the fact that a decent number of species live there. There are a lot of wild forms of guppies that can be found in almost every puddle.
They differ from the usual pedigree forms.
I would like to separately mention Hypancistrus zebra, about which they were actively talking on the forums, as if they were all extinct. But this is not so, they just live even deeper than loricarids. This fish really remains very little in nature and the authorities are actively protecting it from total annihilation.
A special law was recently issued in Brazil that restricts the capture of this fish. If he broke the law, he went to jail.
All hypancestresses that come across for sale are 100,500% smuggled and illegal imports. For this reason, they are all in a bad state.
In Brazil, there is another problem fish – Pterophyllem altum. This fish lives in the deaf and remote areas and it is very difficult to catch it. The government of the country seriously controls the population of this species.
The state does not want the fish to be completely destroyed, as was done with the blue-eyed Panak.
There is a special farm in Brazil where altums are bred in aquariums. Our experts all unanimously claim that for spawning the female of Altum throws up to 1000 eggs, but in real life it turns out about 100 eggs, of which half of all will survive. No matter how much the farm produces this fish, it is definitely not enough for export.
Plus, everything else is quite difficult to breed. Spawning is carried out in a small 60-liter aquarium.
The sexually mature fish becomes at eight months of age. The first spawning is usually the most productive, and the breeding process is similar to the spawning of the angelfish, but there are still its subtleties and nuances.
Altums are rather demanding in terms of spawning, as they need conditions that are identical to natural ones. In general, in Brazil, aquarium fish is practically not bred, as it is easier for Brazilians to catch it.
The exception is consumer goods in the form of barbs, angelfish and danios.
That’s what I have today, I hope you enjoyed our trip to Amazon. Thank you for taking the time to read this very impressive post.
See you soon.