maintenance, care, compatibility
Why did Anubias Nana become such a popular aquarium plant? Does he have flaws? How to care for him?
In the article the reader will find answers to these and other questions related to the hydrophyte.
Anubias Nana is so popular that he can be equally likely to be found in the home biotopes of beginners and experienced aquarists.
Nana – the favorite of those owners of aquariums, who prefer the abundance of living aquatic flora. Such sympathy is easily explained: this is a low, but extremely hardy plant that embodies in miniature the essence of a natural biotope.
All the listed advantages of Nana make him a truly universal inhabitant of aquarium tanks:
- endurance minimizes troubles about his condition;
- the ability to adapt to the most diverse conditions makes it a convenient neighbor for other aquatic inhabitants;
- small size and visual appeal allow the use of nana in the design of a wide variety of aquariums.
The disadvantages can be attributed perhaps to low growth (when it is significant) and the relative high cost. But even despite this, Anubias nana is considered almost perfect aquatic plant and is often used in the design of various tropical aquariums.
Video: rules for caring for anubias nana in the aquarium:
The unpretentiousness, small size and attractive appearance made Anubias not only one of the favorite details of the decoration of aquariums, but also a significant element of complex water compositions.
Low growth allows placing the dwarf hydrophyte in the foregrounds – here its greenery looks the most impressive. The ability to form dense thickets is used to create the feeling of a dark green grass carpet, imitating valleys and plains.
In combination with tall plants placed on the background, a low-growing shrub perfectly emphasizes the perspective, visually adding space.
Attached to a bark, a large stone or an element of decor, Anubias Nana becomes a bright accent of the overall design of the aquarium. And the ability to live in moist air makes it possible to place it submerged in water by half or even above the water’s edge.
That is, Nana is able to cover with itself the vertical space of the tank, and at any height. Such a technique is often used in decorating paludariums and aquariums without lids.
The rich greenery of adult hydrophyte bushes in contrast to the delicate green shade of new leaves can decorate almost any aquarium, regardless of size or design.
Nana has a high adaptability, it is easy to care for him, but the aquarium in which it will be kept must be tropical.
Surprisingly, the overall water hardness values acceptable for a hydrophyte range from 6 to 20 ° dGH, the pH level can be 6-9.
The optimum temperature is 24-27 ° C, but Anubias will successfully endure a decrease to 18 and an increase to 35 ° C. True, extreme temperature indicators can affect the rate of its growth.
So, lowering the temperature slows down the growing season.
But the dwarf Anubias also has vulnerabilities:
- He does not like bright light. It is much more pleasant for him to be in low-or medium-light aquariums. In extreme cases, the nana can be placed in the shadow of another plant.
- An extremely important condition is the purity of water, the absence of turbidity in it. Otherwise, suspended particles will begin to settle on the leaves of the bush and disrupt its nutrition. To avoid this, a reliable filter and water change will help.
The plant successfully develops without CO2 and without active aeration. Preferring silted substrate, hydrophyte nutrients can still absorb from the water, so making special fertilizing in the soil is not required.
High adaptability, ability to exist with a large range of water parameters and resistance to mechanical damage make Nana an almost universal companion for most fish.
It can be used in the design of tsikhlidnikov and aquariums with herbivorous fish: a hard plant is not in the teeth of any inhabitants, and those fish that dig the ground can not damage the durable root of the bush.
But here the mechanical suspension harm it is quite capable. Therefore, in an overpopulated aquarium, where there is no proper level of filtration, the pores on the leaves of the plant quickly become clogged, which can lead to its death.
Anubias snails are not scary. This plant they are not full of holes.
It should be remembered that nana prefer dim light, so they will feel great in aquariums designed for twilight fish, in particular, catfish.
Dwarf Anubias successfully endures low temperatures and may well live in tanks with cold-water inhabitants, in particular, with discussions.
Anubias content in the aquarium, species, breeding, planting, photo-video review
Anubias heterophylla or Anubias congensis
Required parameters for keeping a variety of leaves in an Anubias aquarium
The conditions of optimal content are the same as for all Anubias Barter
Anubiases can gladden only in the greenhouse or paludarium. Although, nevertheless, sometimes – it happens in the aquarium
Types of Anubias
Anubias Afzeli or Anubias Afzelii (Anubias afzelii)
Anubias nana (otherwise – dwarf Anubias) is a dwarf representative. This plant is characterized by slow growth and small height: only 8-12 cm. The origin of the Nana is Cameroonian tropics.
Nana – this is the kind that grows exclusively under water. For this reason, Anubias Nana became popular among aquarists.
Dwarf representative Anubias usually rooted on the rocks or on the roots of other plants.
Anubias nana has simple leaves, petiolate. The sheet plate is oval, brilliant, characterized by sufficient rigidity and has a dark green tint.
The top of the plate is sharp, and the base is rounded.
Planting of these Anubias in the aquarium is usually carried out in the foreground. As a rule, this aquarium plant is grouped and make up several clusters of it in an aquarium.
What does the maintenance and breeding of dwarf anubias imply? First of all, it should be noted that the dwarf Anubias is distinguished by its shadow-likeness. Therefore, caring for it eliminates the presence of bright lights, as well as exposure to direct sunlight.
In addition, the plant is very scrupulous about the quality of water in the aquarium: you need to filter, as well as a weekly update of water (you need to update to a quarter of the total). Necessary conditions for the correct content: water hardness should be at the level of 2-15 degrees, and the acidity index can vary from 6 to 7.5.
The optimal temperature conditions are 22-28 degrees (with prolonged exposure to temperatures below 20 degrees, the dwarf anubias stops growing).
Dwarf Anubias implies reproduction by processes that form on the rhizome.
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Anubias nana – beautiful green aquarium plants of the genus Anubias, which are not particularly common in domestic terrariums. This plant rarely grows in nature, so there is not much reliable data about it.
Specialized publications do not have reliable information: some plant journals write that Anubiases are suitable only for seedlings in the aquaterrarium.
Anubias nana comes from the western regions of the tropical African climate. In Africa, they are found in the marshland, where there is a lot of shade.
This is an amphibian plant that grows along the streams. During the rainy season, coastal areas are flooded so that the plant has to be in the water for several months.
Sometimes they grow on pitfalls and bottom drifts.
The mass location of Anubias Nana is Victoria’s famous waterfall on the territory of Cameroon. Local waters have a mild pH level of 5.6-6.0, they do not contain impurities of magnesium and calcium, as well as nitrates.
Samples of scientists have shown that Cameroon water is really useful for these plants.
The natural environment contributed to its presence in the aquatic environment, where in flowing water it thickly covers the bottom stones and boulders. Thanks to this versatility, anubias nana began to be seated in aquariums.
The only plant with which he lives beautifully is the Bolbitis heudelotii from Cameroon. Anubias nana was first described in 1899. A few decades earlier, the Europeans met his relative, Cameroonian Anubias Lanceolate.
Unlike nan, lanceolata has leaves in the shape of a narrow spear.
Admire the flowering of Anubias Nana.
Externally – a very beautiful plant, the total length of which reaches 15 centimeters. On a wide emerald leaf plates is a dense network of veins.
During the period of maturity, Anubias nana expands to compact thickets that stand out harmoniously against the background of a common aquarium.
The root system of Anubias is dense, creeping and branching. The leaves of Anubias nana are small, only 2-4 cm in length, and 4-8 cm in width.
The shape of the leaf plates is round, the leaf stalks are smaller than the leaves themselves, in the center of each there is a groove. Flowering arrow grows over the leaves, its length is 10-12 cm.
The pistils have a similarity to a ball, on which small oval stigmas and short columns are placed. Anubias seeds look like an oval, the fruit has an ovoid shape.
Dwarf Anubias planted to the fore in the aquarium, with several plants in separate groups. This plant is quite shade-loving, so it is contraindicated to it bright lights and direct sunlight.
The plant is very demanding on the state of water in the aquarium – it is necessary to filter and update the water weekly to ¼ of the total volume. Dwarf Anubias reproduces by appendages that form on the rhizome.
Anubias Barter, originally from West and Central Africa, prefers the shade of trees along the banks of streams, rivers and swamps that overflow the banks during the rainy season. The leaves are simple, light green or green, thick, rigid, asymmetrical, up to 10 cm in length and up to 5 cm in width. The length of the handle and the length of the leaf are about the same.
The plant reaches a height of 25-30 cm.
It grows well in the paludarium, but is also adapted to underwater life. It is advisable to add birch charcoal to the anubias barter aquarium.
Requirements for the replacement of water – the same as the dwarf. It is propagated with the help of daughter plants that grow on the rhizome of anubias barter from buds.
Anubias afzeli – his birthplace are rivers, lakes, creeks of the Gambia, Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Sierra Leone, Mali. Very popular aquarium anubias.
The leaves are bright green, oval, the tip of the leaves is rounded, the base is slightly pointed, wedge-shaped. The sheet plate reaches a length of 20 cm, width up to 10 cm.
The plant grows up to 25 cm long, in natural conditions it can reach 50 cm.
The plant is quite capricious, requiring some experience and not suitable for beginners in the aquarium business. Planted along the side and rear walls of the aquarium. Powerful filters and weekly water updates are needed.
Requires moderate ambient lighting.
Anubias barteri var. Nana is a popular slow-growing aquarium plant. Anubias barter is a family of plants that look alike, among them there is a dwarf Anubias barter plant. It is common in domestic aquariums due to its small size, although most Anubias are large plants.
For example, an ordinary Anubias barter reaches a height of 50-60 cm. Anubias Nana has a height of 10-15 cm, the length of a leaf plate is 3-7 cm.
Other species of small Anubias that are found in aquascapes are Anubias bonsai barter and Anubias nana “Petit”.
Anubias barteri var. Nana “petit”. This is a dwarf species of Anubias, the leaves of which grow no more than 3-4 cm in length. It is a rare species, it grows very slowly, unlike the common Anubias Nana.
Anubias leaves grow from the rhizome, with the advent of each new leaflet rhizome extended. Favorable conditions allow a new leaf to grow even more, so when planting a plant in an aquarium, this fact should be taken into account.
Usually aquarists rely on small plants that do not grow much. Excessive growth can be avoided by trimming the rhizome near the growth point at a time when large leaves are about to begin to grow.
After this procedure, branches appear on the rhizome, and the daughter stems grow with smaller leaves.
This recommendation allows you to grow Anubias lush with 3-centimeter leaves, accelerating its overall growth. In order to breed a plant in an aquarium, it is necessary to separate new daughter stems when 3-4 leaflets appear on them. In this way it multiplies in the wild.
Animals trample down a rhizome, provoking overgrowth.
Anubias dwarf petit can be placed in the home aquarium with fish to the fore, and stands out among other plants. It can be planted with Anubias nana, planting them from each other at a short distance. This creates an illusion of perspective, as is done with decorative stones.
You can put the plant on snags, between stones and grottoes. It is not necessary to root deeply into the ground, as rhizomes take root well on any soil.
See how you can arrange aquarium dwarf anubias petit.
Anubias dwarf petit – very unpretentious in the maintenance and care of an aquarium plant. It is not necessary for him to supply carbon dioxide and aquarium fertilizers.
The acidity of water is recommended 6.0-7.0 pH, in order to achieve it, it is necessary to maintain the level of carbon dioxide in the range of 3-5 mg per liter. In this case, experienced aquarists recommend adding regular sparkling water to the water.
It should be once a week to update 1/3 of the water for fresh, which will restore the balance of the seedling. New water will allow useful substances to saturate the plant.
The growth rate is low, so Anubias dwarf petit unpretentious, does not require additives. You can be sure that because of the hard leaves of his fish will not eat.
Anubias barteri Bonsai (bonsai) – a species that does not exist in nature, is a selective species. The original form is Anubias nana Engler.
Bonsai – a tiny representative of his family, which are dark green leaves. Despite this, it is preferred to land on the foregrounds of aquascapes.
Type bonsai Anubias greens the side and background of the aquarium.
Watch a video on Anubias bonsai barter.
The rhizome is small, the leaves are double-row, stem, egg-shaped. A bonsai has tiny leaves 2, 5 cm long and 1.5 cm wide.
Bonsai – unpretentious look. Suitable soil is sand or pebbles.
It prefers shade and moist environment, it is undemanding to hard water parameters, fertilizers are optional. Under strong lighting, dwarf bonsai leaves are able to turn yellow, which disturbs its general condition.
Vegetatively propagated by dividing the rhizome, grows very slowly.
The leaves are arranged in 2 rows, the leaf blades on the handle are narrow, ovoid, 2.5 cm long and 1.5 cm wide. The leaves are dark green and can be even smaller in aquarium conditions.
It is quite simple to care for a plant: it is a tiny form of a species that grows even slower with abundant light, which leads to yellowing of the leaves. To prevent deterioration of appearance, do not use incandescent bulbs and install soft lighting.
Usually grows to a size of 2-4 cm, so it can be planted in the foreground of the aquarium, at the side and rear walls. The minimum volume of aquarium for seedlings is 10 liters, the recommended parameters of the aquatic environment are 22-25 degrees, the acidity of water is 5.5-8.0 pH.
If the necessary maintenance and care requirements are met, the seedlings grow lush, green and beautiful, decorating the entire underwater landscape.
The conditions in which anubias can live inside aquariums must be adapted to changes in temperature. Some species take root at temperatures above 25 degrees, although they survive in greenhouses at temperatures above 30 degrees. Anubias in the aquarium look great, but grow much slower under water.
Large species are not suitable for most tanks. The fastest way to stimulate growth is to place its leaves above the water level.
According to many aquarists, this is one of the simplest plants to maintain, since their requirements are very low. Because herbivorous fish do not eat it (with some exceptions).
That is why Anubias on snags grows well in aquariums.
Reproduction in artificial reservoirs can be achieved by separating the trunk from the side shoots. You can also spread Anubias seeds.
The average water conditions for water anubias are: water temperature is 22-27 degrees, hardness is 2-8 dGH, water acidity is 5.5-7.0 pH.
See how giant anubias blooms.
The natural growth of all species of this genus is rather slow. As a rule, they produce a sheet every 3 weeks.
These are those of the few plants that do not respond to an increase in CO2; amateurs have seen excellent results and improved growth with CO2 and high light intensity.
- Anubias afzeli – has oblong or oblong-elliptical leaves, 13-35 cm long, 8-13 cm wide. The stem length is 20 cm. The plant reaches about 55 cm in height, but in the literature there are mentioned samples found in nature with a height of about 1 m. Anubias afzeli produces a large inflorescence from 5 to 12 cm by the cob, with a significantly visible and relatively short veil (this distinguishes it from other species besides the giant anubias plant), also anubias afzeli have a short flower.
- Anubias lanceolate – approximately the same size of shoot with narrow and relatively light leaves. Older plants may have undulating leaves.
- Anubias afzeli narrow-leaved – the leaves are very narrow, the height of the plant reaches 40 cm. Young leaves are pinkish-brown.
- Anubias gigantic – a scape slightly less than a leaf blade, about 2.5 times, up to 83 cm. Produces an arrow, lanceolate leaves 13-30 cm in length, 5-14 cm in width. Anubias the giant forms a huge underwater bush. Anubias is a giant rather capricious plant that does not like dirty water, so it is recommended to install a powerful filter for it. Water parameters for an aquarium are: hardness from 2 to 5 dGh, acidity of water 6.0-7.5 pH, temperature 22-28 degrees. He is recommended to be planted in an aquarium, where neons and scalars live, they also love a large space.
- Anubias bartera var. Caladifolia is a large plant with round leaves that are almost at right angles to the petiole. The length of the leaves is 10-12 cm, Cadiadolia gladly blooms in the aquarium. However, it does not grow outward, but vertically. On its rhizome there are small sprouts, ready to take to pull the escape up. After growing out of the aquarium, you can snatch the part that is above the water and plant it near the main shoot, while the shoots will grow towards the surface again. The scape sometimes 2 times as long as the leaf plate, 10-54 cm. The plate itself is oval-elliptical and sharp, 10-23 cm long, 5-14 cm wide.
- Coffee leaves – the leaves have a kind of coffee, there is a wavy outline in the center of the leaf. Caffeine has narrow and stiff leaves. Young plants have red-brown leaves. This plant is common in the United States. It is characterized by slow growth. Aquatic plants are planted at the middle level of the reservoir. Caffeine adapts well to underwater conditions. Can be contained in aquaterrariums, aquariums and ornamental ponds. Thanks to its hard leaves, it can be grown in an aquarium where cichlids live. Water conditions for optimal growth of a plant in an aquarium: hardness 2–15 °, pH 5.5–8.5, temperature 22–26 ° C (caffeine is able to tolerate a prolonged decrease in water temperature to 18–20 ° C).
- Anubias minima (minima) – planted in the nutrient soil of the aquarium soil. Water conditions: 24-27 degrees, KH 2-15 °, pH 6-8 acidity. Lighting power: 0.3-0.5 W / l. Requires constant renewal of water. Growth is slow. To plant, only the roots are buried in the ground, the rhizome must necessarily be above the ground. Deep-set minima barely grows. Minimus reproduction – by daughter plants, which are formed from adventitious buds to the rhizome, or after dividing the rhizome of dormant buds.
Since Anubiases barter – slow-growing representatives of the same kind, they need a quiet, secluded place in the aquarium. They do not need to be disturbed often and transplanted from place to place.
Anubias will decorate aquariums, where fish digging in the soil, loving to disturb plants, live. Cichlids are unlikely to gnaw their hard leaves.
The plant is unpretentious to growing. Try a few months after landing, do not bother him at all.
See how Anubias barteri var. Grows. coffeefolia.
The parameters of the aquatic environment: temperature 25-28 degrees, the acidity of water 6.5-7.8 pH, hardness – 2-15 dGH. In such conditions, scalar and discus fish can dwell, especially since it is not difficult to acquire and simply contain them.