maintenance, care, compatibility
Water parameters. Based on the natural features of this algae colony, it should be kept at home at a water temperature not higher than +20 degrees.
If for some reason the water is heated, then this can lead not only to the rapid growth of the cladophora, but also to the further disintegration of the balls. That is why Aegagropila linnaei is planted in an aquarium with cold-water fish.
By the way, if you then cool the water to normal, the balls can gradually regain their shape.
There are also some requirements for chemical water qualities. Its hardness should be no more than 8 degrees (increased hardness will lead to the death of vegetation), and the pH level should be close to neutral.
Kladofora globular in its essence is a good biological and mechanical filter.
In small cells of moss, various organic residues are stuck. But this property does not mean at all that compulsory cleaning of water is not necessary.
The plant loves cleanliness and gradually dies in dirty water.
Cleaning mossy ball. If necessary, it should be cleaned of aquarium mud – rinse in cool running water and gently squeeze by hand. Water changes also do not interfere.
They are best done weekly in the amount of ¼ of the total.
Ideal for a jigger. In general, some experts advise to keep egagropilu in the so-called nursery aquariums for fry or where shrimps are found, who are happy to eat thin strands of the ball.
As for fry, infusoria, accumulating in the cells of vegetation, serve as an excellent food for them in the initial period of life.
Lighting. Although it is said that the intensity of illumination does not play a significant role, a slightly dimmed light is more suitable for the content of egagropila.
In conditions of too bright lighting, the moss is more actively involved in photosynthesis, the air accumulates much faster in the cellular structure of egagropyl, the metabolic processes are greatly accelerated. There is hardly any need for this.
Shape and decor. In aquariums you can often see the kladofora not only in the form of balls, but also in the form of a nice green carpet. Make it simple: you just need to cut the ball, give it a flat shape and attach the line to the stone or snag.
Looks very elegant.
Another feature: if you want to achieve an ideal round shape, the mossy ball must be turned from time to time from one side to the other.
Since the kladofora from the wild nature lives in reservoirs with a water temperature of 14-18 ° C, it should be kept in the aquarium at the same temperature. If the water becomes warmer, the plant begins to grow rapidly, as a result, it can lead to its disintegration.
Therefore, Kladofora is not suitable for aquariums, where the cold-loving species of fish (fish of the carp family, telescopes, burbot, brachidanio, tetra, and others) live. If the heated water is cooled, the damaged algae can restore its structure.
Watch a video about the care and maintenance of cladofors.
Recommended indicators of the aquatic environment: pH neutral pH 5.5-6.0, hardness 6-8 ° (with increased rigidity, the plant may die). By its functionality, the cladofora is an excellent mechanical and biological water filter. Samples of organic substances remain in small cells of the coating.
However, it is necessary to clean the water and the bottom of the tank; update a quarter of the water once a week. Kladofory prefer clean water, and pollution can cause their extinction.
Periodically, the mossy ball should be cleaned of the settled dirt from the aquarium, rinsing it under cool running water, then wringing it with hands.
Egagropila is perfect for spawning breeders, it can serve as a substrate for fry fish and shrimp. Even adult shrimps in the general aquarium enjoy eating the threads of this plant.
Ciliates that accumulate inside the cladofors can serve as food for the fry in the first days of life. It is better to keep the moss in the subdued lighting, to which it is used in the natural environment, located at the depth of the reservoir.
Too bright light causes active photosynthesis of moss, as a result of which air will quickly accumulate in the cells of the plant, speeding up the metabolism.
You can contain Linnea’s agagropyl not only in the shape of a ball, but also cut it, giving it a different shape — flat, carpet, oval. Take a scissors or a knife, cut the ball, give it a flattened shape, and attach it to a stone or bark using a fishing line.
To give the plant a perfectly round shape, try to roll it from side to side from time to time along the bottom of the tank.
Egagropila can multiply vegetatively, in aquarium conditions it can be helped mechanically – divide the ball with scissors, place it in a separate container with low temperature water where it will grow, and new moss coils form. You can use another method: heat the water to a temperature of 24 degrees Celsius, and wait for the spontaneous disintegration of the tangles. Collect the fallen cells of the algae colony, and transplant them into a separate container with cool water.
Then they will be formed naturally. This type of green algae does not harm the water, but only decorates the underwater interior and purifies the water.
There are some simple rules under which she feels best in an aquarium.
1. In nature, the lower plant is a spherical cladofora found on the bottom of the lakes, where it is dark enough, so it does not need a lot of sun to live. In an aquarium, it is better for her to choose the darkest places: in the corners, under the snags or sprawling bushes.
2. Some shrimp and catfish like to sit on a clad plate, or to hide behind it. But, they can also destroy it, for example, plecostomus will definitely do it. The inhabitants of the aquarium, who are also not friends with her, include goldfish and large crayfish.
However, large crayfish make little friends with any plants.
3. It is interesting that it occurs in nature in brackish water. For example, an authoritative source like Wikipedia says: “In the Lake Akan, grow thickest where it flows.” What can be translated as: in Akan Lake, the most densely kladofora grows in places where brackish water from natural sources flows into the sea.
Indeed, aquarists say that it lives well in brackish water, and it is even advised to salt some water if the Cladophora begins to turn brown.
4. Water changes are as important to her as they are to fish. They promote growth, reduce the amount of nitrates in water (of which there are especially many in the bottom layer) and do not allow it to become clogged with dirt.
Being an inhabitant of natural reservoirs, the cladofora adapts only in places with cool and running water. This is a stumbling block: that is why she does not like the aquarium conditions so much. If the flow through can be adjusted with the help of a pump, then it’s impossible to cool the water to the optimum for cladofors (18-20 degrees).
And if it happened? What is the use of it when fish require warmer water to create a comfortable environment?
Therefore, Kladofora spherical is not such a frequent visitor to tropical aquariums or a guest for a short period.
It so happened that green balls are more likely to acquire beginner aquarists because of ignorance of its properties: they just really like the bright colors and fancy shape. Many lovers had even a short, but the joy of communicating with such a unique plant creature.
One of the remarkable properties of cladofors is its ability to filter water, collecting the smallest particles of turbidity on its surface while traveling around the aquarium. The owner of the underwater world can only pull out the kladofora as it is polluted from the aquarium and rinse it under running cold water, slightly pressing.
However, despite the filtering properties of the plant, the aquarium should still be kept clean with an additional filtration system. Actually it is for the owners of small fish, swarming in the ground – catfish, goldfish.
Spherical Kladofore “to the liking” neutral, soft, slightly acidified water. Balls do not live long in hard water and quickly fade, losing an attractive look.
Therefore, it is desirable to pour boiled water into the aquarium when changing.
Claudophor reproduction is a matter for professionals, and this task is “beyond the teeth” for beginners. In order to reproduce cladophora, you need to create special lighting conditions.
Natural light is a great helper here, it is better to prevent bright light from falling, otherwise the balls will come off the bottom and float on the surface of the water.
We hope you have a desire to create wonderful green balls in the aquarium, even for a short period of time. In any case, you will enjoy it.
Blestyanky flexible, or nitella (an armor. Nitella flexilis) – a floating alga of the Kharovy family.
The natural habitat is North America and Eurasia. In leaves palchatorassechennaya form, they are located on a long stalk in verticils. Each verticil has 5-7 stalks.
Leaf color can be light green or emerald. In a glossy stalk, the stems are strongly branched, so the algae can swim in the water column in a tangled form.
In the tank, the water must be clean and transparent, because the suspended particles are deposited on its leaves. You can keep in moderately warm water at a temperature of 19-27oC. The average hardness of the aqueous medium is acceptable, the acidity is neutral.
LED lamps with a power of 0.5-1 watts per liter of water are suitable for lighting. The number of daylight hours is 12 hours.
Riccia floating (Riccia fluitans) – is floating algae for aquariums, which can be let in moderately warm water. In nature, grow in all corners of the planet.
Openwork weaves of saturated green color create a cover in the form of islands. The algae has no leaves and stems, as well as a root system. Riccia consists of thallus, small flat plates that are intertwined with each other.
Riccia is often used as a spawning substrate for breeding fish in an aquarium, best suited to shelter fry. When the hardness of the aqueous medium is above 8 dGh, the alga grows slowly.
Recommended water temperature for content: 20-22 degrees Celsius.
At a low temperature range, it stops growth, a deformation of the structure occurs, which can lead to death. Every week it is necessary to make the replacement of 20% of water for fresh and infused. Riccia floating prefers bright lighting.
Be careful if plant species live in the aquarium that do not like bright light. When there is a lack of light, the alga splits into small fragments, begins to rot.
In summer, these algae for aquariums greatly expand, preventing the ingress of sunlight into the water.
A cornea, or a rodentum immersed (lat. Ceratophyllum demersum) is a perennial alga that floats on the surface of the water, since the root system is absent.
At low water temperatures, begins to descend to the depth of the reservoir, slows down its growth. The stalks are long, the leaves are tiny and needle-like, they can hide small hydrobionts.
Look at how a jagger grows in an aquarium.
These are great algae for aquariums, as they provide shelter for fry. In the leaves of frypokolnika fry will not get large fish, on the leaves there are microorganisms that will be food for the fry. Calfers may be spawning substrate on which caviar will be deposited.
Sticky eggs firmly glued to the needle leaves, and not sticky eggs just stuck in them. It is better to immerse the rodentard in a moderately warm or cold-water aquarium, where the hardness of the aquatic environment is 5-15 °, the pH of the reaction is neutral or slightly alkaline.
The hornberry likes a large amount of light, therefore the length of daylight hours is allowed above 12 hours a day.
Kladofora spherical, or Japanese marimo (Aegagropila linnaei) – belongs to the Kladoforovye family. It has a decorative meaning for freshwater aquariums. Its structure is a colony of green filamentous algae, which form a dense green ball.
The location of the filaments in the colony is radial. The cladofory homeland is Japan, it also grows 10 cm in diameter, and 5-6 cm in the aquarium.
In aquascap balls of these algae are placed on the bottom, where they themselves are fixed to the substrate. In the morning kladofora produces oxygen. Bubbles form inside the ball, it becomes light and floats to the surface.
In the evening, the oxygen becomes less, and the green ball sinks to the bottom.
Marimo content is possible only in an aquarium with cool water at a temperature of 10 to 20 ° C. At elevated temperatures, the tuberiform shape is deformed, the alga splits into fragments.
Water should be soft, the acidity of the aquatic environment: 6.0-8.0 pH. The lighting is moderate, the amount of daylight hours is 10 hours.
Most novice aquarists for some reason believe that plants for the underwater realm bring only additional worries and troubles to the owners. But this is a serious misconception that we will try to dispel in this article.
We will present you the popular algae for the aquarium. The photo and name of the plant you like will help you make the right choice for your pond.
Now there are many very different plants for the underwater kingdom. There are among them those that really care is not easy.
But along with them there are plants that do not require special care.
Algae for an aquarium are the simplest plants, although sometimes they belong to the kingdom of protists (Protista). Blue-green algae even belong to the bacteria.
They can range in size from single-celled microscopic organisms to 70-meter grass.
These are the most ancient inhabitants of the Earth who carried out the first photosynthesis more than three and a half billion years ago. Algae can breed in all water bodies: with salty, fresh, clean, turbid, fast flowing or stagnant water.
For the life of underwater inhabitants are important algae in the aquarium. Species, which we present below, perform several important functions.
They create a special aquarium biosystem, purify water from harmful substances, serve as a natural interior and “maternity home” for fry, fish, snails, shrimps, additional food for many underwater inhabitants, and finally just decorate the house: with them your home water will look natural and aesthetic .
Often experienced fish lovers achieve amazing biological balance with the help of plants in an aquarium. They even eliminate the need for water filtration and mechanical aeration.
True, to accomplish this, it is necessary to know algae well for an aquarium. Photos and the name of these plants are often published in special editions for beginners observing the underwater world.
This species forms a rather dense layer covering the soil and plants. Blue-green algae in the aquarium develop due to excessive lighting.
Promotes their appearance and high levels of phosphates and nitrates. Blue algae in the aquarium are able to release substances harmful to fish. Even algae often refuse to eat them because of bad taste.
Ampoulaia will be able to slow down their growth, but one should not hope for them. In this case, you need serious treatment.
It is necessary to completely turn off the lighting and darken the aquarium for a week, combining this with massive water changes.
This seaweed belongs to the cladoforic family. Ornamental plant for freshwater aquariums.
Its structure is a colony of green filamentous algae, intertwining and forming a dense ball. Homeland of this plant – Japan.
Under natural conditions it grows to ten centimeters, in an aquarium it does not exceed six centimeters in length.
In the aquarium the balls are placed on the bottom, and they themselves are attached to the substrate. In the morning, Kladofora emits oxygen.
Air bubbles appear inside the ball, it becomes light, almost weightless, and floats to the surface. In the evening, the oxygen becomes much less, and the ball again sinks to the very bottom.
Marimo can only be kept in cool water at a temperature not exceeding +20 ° C. At higher temperatures, the shape of the tuber is deformed, the ball breaks into small fragments.
Lighting for this species is allowed moderate, daylight – at least ten hours.
All plants can be divided into separate groups:
- floating on the surface of the water;
- mounted in the ground.
Often, novice lovers do not know the names of algae for the aquarium, but they notice them everywhere: on gravel and sand, plants and stones, equipment and walls. This is normal because algae are part of the balance of the reservoir, but only if they do not develop excessively.
In a balanced aquarium, there must be clear, well-cleaned, stirred water and perfectly clean glass, although many owners prefer not to clean all the walls: they leave the rear glass covered with fouling. Noticed: algae on the walls of the aquarium or on the stones absorb nitrates and many decay products, thereby reducing the growth of algae on the side and front windows.
In addition, some species of fish feed on the back wall, for example, all types of mail catfish.
Some types of algae are especially common and cause a lot of problems for aquarium owners. Here are some of them.
Algae in an aquarium, how to get rid of and fight with all their species
An algal flash is a visual indication of a violation (absence) of a biobalance in an aquarium. This is the loss of any link in the balance!
Finding out what link fell, you need to return it to its place. What a newbie to do is hard!
Here are the main reasons for the loss of the biobalance link:
– excessive amount of daylight in the aquarium or wrong aquarium lighting mode. Accordingly, it is necessary to reduce or adjust daylight hours.
Or in general, if possible, turn off the light for a couple of days, as a preventive measure.
– lack of daylight or the use of “wrong” lamps with a “wrong” spectrum. Accordingly, it is necessary to increase the light day or remove the lamps with a “bad” spectrum and you need to buy lamps for the spectrum or purchase lamps for the missing spectrum.
Read more Lighting aquarium and the choice of lamps and Lighting aquarium do it yourself.
– the presence in the aquarium of excess dead organic matter and dirt (dead plants, fish, food residues, kakul, etc.). Simply put, the aquarium does not have time to cope with so much “garbage” and the only way out of our beloved, living aquarium, is a call to help algae, who happily gobble up all this byaku.
Accordingly, it is necessary to remove all the “garbage”: siphon the bottom of the aquarium, clean the walls, decor and equipment, mechanically try to remove the algae, as well as make more frequent and more complete water changes for fresh, eventually, pour aquarium coal into the filter compartment.
– The following reason follows from the above and is a destructive continuation of the “dirt” in the aquarium. All dead organics are decomposed by beneficial bacteria and fungi, and removed from the aquarium. If this dead organic matter a lot and it accumulates, the microorganisms do not have time to process it!
In the aquarium, poisons begin to accumulate – decomposition products: ammonia, nitrites and nitrates, which leads not only to the appearance of algae, but generally ruins all life in the aquarium.
In addition to the above measures for thorough cleaning of the aquarium, you need to apply the following aquarium chemistry:
A) Zeolite. Sold in pet stores or other places.
For example, a mixture of zeolite and coal is ubiquitous. Fluval Zeo-Carb.
On a note: you need to know that aquarium coal is not effective from poisons and only ion-exchange resin – zeolite removes them. Read more …
B) Preparations of bio-starters, as well as preparations promoting the increase of colonies of beneficial bacteria. Simply put, these are drugs that contain the very bacteria that decompose poisons.
A lot of such drugs, for example, are popular: Tetra Bactozym, Tetra NitratMinus, Tetra NitrateMinus Pearls, Sera bio Nitrivec and others.
3. A large number of plants in the aquarium.
No one has scientifically proved that plants suppress algae, but the fact remains that in an aquarium with live aquarium plants (1/2, 2/3), there are no algal outbreaks, except greenish dots sometimes appear, and then from strong illumination.
Here is an example from my own experience. I had a herbalist for growth (I grew plants for the future of an aquascape), there were many different plants. The time has come, I made my scape, spread out plants and flooded some algae (algae) in it, and this is all because the aquarium is young, the plants have not gotten stronger after transplantation, and their number has decreased.
The time passed, the plants grew stronger and took over the lower ones and the thread disappeared.
Therefore, if you have the opportunity to provide plants with proper care: LIGHT, CO2, PLE – surely plant beds!
4. There are useful fish that fight – eat algae and algal plaque:
A) Siamese Algae Eaters – tireless workers of the aquarium, sometimes it seems that the only meaning of their life is the insatiable desire to kiss all the plants, suck all the stones and walk through all the aquarium decorations. They can still be found under the abbreviation SAE, which stands for Siamese Algae Eater and translates as Siamese algae.
There are also KAE and IAE – Chinese and Indian algae. Effective from algae “black beard”, “filament” and “deer horns”, etc.
B) Ototsinklyus – no less effective fish. Due to the structure of its mouth gently and well remove algae from plants, decor and walls.
Copes with green, brown (diatoms), etc.
B) Ancistrus– also helpful. But, unlike the aforementioned fish, adult antsistrus individuals are lazy.
And they say that in addition to algae, they chew and plants.
D) The whole family is also a good helper in the fight against algae. petsilievyh – guppies, swordtails, mollies, patcilia and others.
D) All possible clams. – apularias, coils, fizy, etc.
5. And finally, the aquarium chemistry will come to the rescue, the overwhelming algae. In pet stores sold a lot of these drugs, as a rule, in their name they contain the word “Algo” (alga), for example, Tetra AlgoStop Depot.
Use these drugs should be carefully, wisely and according to the instructions. I recommend Tetra products precisely because they have the mildest effect.
With proper applications – taking into account all the circumstances in the aquarium, Tetra preparations do not adversely affect the plants.
So, we have examined the main causes of the appearance of algae in the aquarium, as well as dismantled the main methods of dealing with them. Finally, it should be noted that, as a rule, “algal trouble comes in a complex”, and therefore it is necessary to deal with it in a complex, i.e. not one method, but several at once, if not all at once.
Algae in the aquarium – know the enemy in the face!
photo of thread in the aquarium
This is the most common type of filamentous algae that attack an aquarium. At first it looks like green down, then like long green strings. When they occur, it is recommended to apply the above described methods of control.
As well as in the literature it is noted that this alga appears due to the lack of macro elements. Surprisingly, in particular, phosphates and nitrates (of which everything is derived). There is a positive effect when adding them.
In advanced cases, algicidal preparations are used.
Kladofora (popularly known as Kladofora thread)
It has branching and does not have long strings. As a rule, it appears in aquariums with poor filtration, poor water flow and the presence of stagnation zones, where it “blooms”.
It is possible to get rid of it by eliminating negative factors, by mechanical means (by hand) and algicide.
This seaweed is very nasty and not only because it is slimy and green, but also because it grows with a geometric progression. It is difficult to withdraw – neither algaecide, nor SAE will help.
It is difficult, but you can defeat it mechanically: by manual selection, by rubbing it with your fingers (it is fragile), by pulling out from the bottom. As an additional measure of struggle helps: killing the light, fish and algae shrimp.
It can also be attributed to filamentous algae, because has a filamentous structure. As a rule, it appears in young aquariums, where the biobalance is not yet set up, which can be identically called the nitrogen cycle.
This is not such a terrible seaweed! It actually disappears after the establishment / restoration of the biobalance in the aquarium.
Applies to it, all common methods of struggle are effective. Most effective: water change and algaecide.
Aquarium soil is an important substrate that maintains an artificial reservoir in the correct condition. In the soil there are many beneficial bacteria that play an important role in the ecosystem.
They decompose toxic substances and waste products of fish. You can prepare a quality ground for the aquarium with your own hands, if you read some of the recommendations.
Before placing the substrate in the aquarium, it should be washed well under running water. Do not use chemicals and detergents.
After washing, it is better to boil the soil for 60 minutes to destroy parasites and microbes in it. Nowadays, common types of aquarium substrates are:
- Gravel: natural, light and dark;
- Gravel red;
- Gravel of large and small fraction;
- Sand river;
- Sand fines;
- Pebbles of large, medium or small fraction.
Sand – the most common type of substrate for an aquarium with shrimp and small fish. Larger, digging fish can carry large fractions – gravel and pebbles.
The main thing that the fish could not swallow a stone, otherwise it will have health problems.
How to make a soil with your own hands, and where to get it? You can not buy it, but find it in nature.
If you know the area where there is an environmentally friendly plant substrate, you can take it there. But before introducing it into the aquarium, you will have to wash and process for a long time.
- River sand can be found near rivers and ponds.
Take a sieve, and wash the sand near the shore. The process takes a lot of time, but it’s worth it.
See how to do the soil with your own hands.