maintenance, care, compatibility
To control the population of aquarium coils, ampoules, neretins, melania, tilomeleaniya, fizy, mariza and other species, you need to apply measures according to their physiological characteristics. When you control the population of mollusks, the aquarium is not harmed.
They do an excellent job with algae, mix the soil, do not allow it to rot. In fizy and coils high reproduction rate, as a result of which the aquarium is very quickly populated.
They do not give passage, clogging up all the scenery and arrangements.
Snails get into the aquarium, if you buy them, or bring them together with plants, snags. If you do not want to see such a cohabitation with fish, before planting in the tank of a new decoration or plant, treat them with Hydra-Tox solution.
Rapid reproduction means that something is wrong with the bio-balance or water parameters. In a balanced environment, these mollusks are absolutely harmless, they can even be useful.
Also, they become a lot because of the overfeeding of fish. Mollusks eat the remnants of food, and the more of it, the more it becomes this living creatures.
Waste accumulated in the ground encourages reproduction, so in time to siphon it and remove food debris.
How to get rid of snails in an aquarium: all working methods
Any aquarist with experience over time acquires a twofold attitude to the snails living in his glass houses. On the one hand, they seem to be useful – they eat up the remnants of food, the attackers on the bottom, and (some) clean the glass from aquariums.
On the other hand, most types of these glasses get dirty, and sometimes clams multiply so “over and over” that they destroy green plantings, turning a cozy oasis into some kind of watery desert. The snail melania enjoys a special dislike for fish owners.
How to get rid of a creature that breeds with cosmic speed? Moreover, she is also viviparous, so that her young immediately fill up the enemy ranks. Other species do not differ in such fertility and give time to find a way to get rid of snails in an aquarium.
But to deal with this problem has, probably, all owners of the “pools”.
Of all the existing methods, the launch into the habitat of parasites of their natural enemies remains the most effective, humane and safe. It may take a little longer, but you will not have to either restart the aquarium or risk the health of your pets.
If you are too worried about snails in an aquarium, the fight with snails should be entrusted to those for whom they are prey. Among the fish, the most famous winners of this scourge are macropods – cleaning the aquarium of one hundred liters of snails will take less than a week. Tetradonts will be strong competitors to macropods; however, due to their variety it is better to launch dwarf ones, since the breed is characterized by increased aggressiveness.
Many gourami, cichlids and fighters are also suitable for fighting snails. In order to prevent the excessive population of mollusks from recovering, catfish anticyrus are launched into the glass house: along with the algae growing on the glasses, they eat up snail caviar.
Certain problems arise if you have small and peace-loving pets in an aquarium. The fishes that destroy mollusks are naturally predators.
It often becomes impossible to use them, because getting rid of aquarium snails with the help of natural killers means risking the life (at least health) of the precious fish stock. The same tetradons are aggressive even within their own species. Yes, and cichlids may well enjoy small neighbors.
In this case, the snails with the gentle name Helene will be very helpful. The main ration of their diet is made up of fellow species.
Given that they are moving much faster than usual – after all, hunters – they do not have problems with catching prey. Yes, and lie in wait “in ambush” they also know how.
Having caught the victim, Helena pushes it into the soft part, under the armor, the proboscis with the “mouth” and sucks it out like a cocktail through a straw – only an empty shell remains.
There are restrictions on the activities of these predatory snails. First of all, they do not touch too large individuals (which, on the other hand, is great – ampulyarias will remain intact).
Every little thing they also “too tough” – Helens simply can not stick in their mouthparts. And most importantly – are worth Helena snails expensive.
We’ll have to straighten in the budget to buy yourself a couple.
So, we told how to get rid of snails in an aquarium, all working methods listed and pointed out their advantages and disadvantages. How to choose – you decide!
What is the role of snails. It is rare to find an aquarium in which aquarium snails would not live.
Slowly moving gastropods can decorate the underwater garden and bring him a lot of benefits. But, in some circumstances, they become a shaped disaster.
The useful qualities of these creatures include loosening the soil, the destruction of unwanted algae on the walls of the aquarium and the bacterial film on the surface of the water, as well as eating food that was not eaten by fish. At the same time, some species of snails can damage aquatic plants and even cause fish to die.
If suddenly snails appeared in the aquarium, and this happened “not according to plan”, then, most likely, their caviar was originally introduced into the aquarium. She could get with live food or with new plants transplanted into an aquarium.
And how many snails live, hitting the aquarium? Depending on the type and conditions, from 1 year to 4 years.
So are snails needed in an aquarium? Provided they have the right choice and content, this question can be safely answered in the affirmative.
How do snails breed in an aquarium? Reproduction of snails in an aquarium often does not represent any difficulties.
Most of them are hermaphrodites, and even a couple of small snails that came to be in the underwater garden are able to initiate a population. But there are exceptions.
Such snails as ampoules are dioecious, and for their reproduction the presence of a male and a female is necessary. Soil melania are viviparous and able, after a single fertilization, to produce offspring several times.
The unique process of breeding aquarium snails – toothless. Females literally shoot the larvae – glochidia – on the bodies of fish swimming by.
This almost always leads to the death of the carrier fish.
If you have a desire to contribute to the reproduction of aquarium snails (most often artificially reproduce ampoule), then, having noticed that the eggs appeared in the aquarium (on the walls, stones or cover glass), you should carefully cut it with a razor and place it into a small one (up to 10 cm deep ) tank filled with warm (26-28 degrees) water. In 15-45 days the young of aquarium snails will appear.
What do snails eat right after birth? Juveniles of your aquarium slug should be fed with small-fraction fish food with the addition of scalded lettuce leaves or cucumber slices. The nursery capacity for young snails should be well lit.
Light contributes to the formation of algae, which must necessarily be included in the diet of young individuals.
What is the use of a snail aquarium? To answer this question, you first need to answer the question of what do snails eat?
First, aquarium snails successfully eat food that was not eaten by fish and hit the bottom of the aquarium. Thus, they prevent its rotting and the ingress of toxic substances into the aquarium water (aquarium catfish perform similar functions). Secondly, the snails clean the aquarium from algae.
Especially in this work, horn coils and young ampoules are zealous.
It should be noted that the snails eat algae haphazardly. If the aquarium is markedly overgrown with algae, the result of the activity of the snails will be the emergence of a kind of “tracks” on the walls.
Melanias lead a secretive lifestyle. They spend the day light digging in the ground and draining it. Thus, melania improve gas exchange at the bottom of the aquarium.
These snails do not damage the roots of plants, feeding only on organic remains. Melania breathe gills. If the aquarium begins to lack oxygen, then first of all it is felt in the ground.
In such a case, melania begin to creep into the walls of the aquarium during the day. This behavior serves as a signal for the aquarist that it is necessary to increase the aeration and filtration of the aquarium water, and to clean the bottom.
By the way, snails – a good indicator of the status of the aquarium. If you notice that your aquarium slug-shooters are increasingly found to be out of the water on the walls or cover glass of the aquarium, then you should wonder why they crawl out of the aquarium.
The reasons for this behavior of aquarium snails can be several. Perhaps your pets are starving, and you need to decide what to feed the snails in the aquarium. It may also indicate excessive water contamination.
And for individuals with pulmonary respiration, this behavior is absolutely normal, they crawl out to ventilate the lungs.
If a massive death of snails has begun in your aquarium, it is imperative to understand why the snails die. The most common reason for this is the pollution of the aquarium with nitrates or excessive accumulation of CO gas in the water (it destroys the shell). It happens that the death of snails is due to the fact that the distance between the surface of the water and the cover glass is too small.
Many snails are not able to breathe and reproduce normally.
Snails such as perloves may also be useful. In fact, they are live filters for aquariums.
Along with ampoules and tiger snails, pearls have aesthetic value.
Than aquarium snails threaten underwater garden? As we have already indicated, the breeding of perlitsy can cause the death of fish.
Species such as pond fish, perlovitsy and fizy damage aquarium plants and are not suitable for maintenance in “green” aquariums.
In addition, under favorable conditions, the population may exceed reasonable limits. If there are a lot of snails in an aquarium, then even coils, ampoules and melania can also begin to harm the plants.
In this case, it is necessary to solve the problem of how to remove the snails from the aquarium or control their numbers.
In the least severe cases, it can be done mechanically. Melania will be very convenient to remove at night.
It was at this time that these snails crawl out onto the walls of the aquarium.
Well help to restrain the growth of snails, many species of catfish. Eating fouling, they destroy the snail caviar.
The same eggs, which were deposited in inaccessible for somik places, allow you to maintain the population.
If before you there was a question how to remove snails from an aquarium completely, then it is worth resorting to the help of macropods. A pair of macropods will successfully cope with this task in 2-3 weeks, having rid the snails of a 200-300 liter aquarium. Snails are their favorite food.
But the complete removal of snails should be carried out only when gastropods multiplied in the aquarium, causing harm to other inhabitants of the underwater garden. Remember that they make biological balance in the aquarium more stable and contribute to the harmonious development of your aquarium.