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Varieties of aquarium algae on green plants

Beautifully designed aquariums always attract the attention of others. In addition to the fish, they also contain various plants.

But there is something that can spoil both the appearance and the habitat – these are algae in the aquarium.

They are almost everywhere and are part of the balanced life of aquarium inhabitants. But this is only if there is no excess growth.

Many mistakenly called algae aquarium plants, but it is not. Plants are higher organisms that have tissue separation.

This group includes ferns, horsetails, ivy, mosses.

Algae are lower organisms that are unicellular or multicellular.. They can be attached to surfaces or live in water. Many aquarium algae contain pigments that dye them in different colors: black, red, blue, etc.

They also differ in appearance: slimy patina, fluffy bunches, long stems. They have one similarity – reproduction by spores.

They enter the reservoir with plants, animals or water taken from unfavorable sources.

These organisms are present in all aquariums. However, most of them are invaded by new tanks.

This is due to the fact that higher plants need a lot of time to adapt.

While this happens, the algae are actively developing, because they do not have a lack of nutrients. In running aquariums, a large amount of algae speaks of an unfavorable environment.

These unsightly plants are part of the aquarium ecosystem. However, care must be taken that they do not develop. The main factors for their appearance are:

  • violation of the light mode;
  • temperature too high;
  • excess of nutrients that do not consume higher plants;
  • irregular cleaning of the tank.

The appearance of algae on plants in an aquarium can be provoked by various fertilizers and fertilizers, which are abused by some beginners. The reason for the reproduction of these organisms may be in the wrong neighborhood of the inhabitants of the aquarium. Some species of snails and mollusks feed on unicellular algae.

If they are not in the aquarium, then you need to monitor the development of green organisms.

Another reason is overpopulation aquarium, because the inhabitants produce too much organic matter. Late replacement of the filter and lighting lamps can also provoke excessive algae growth.

For whatever reason, algae appear, it signals the need for immediate assistance to the ecosystem.

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The fight against lower organisms must begin at the stage of their appearance in the aquarium. After they grow, it will be more difficult to clean them of an artificial reservoir.

In order to effectively get rid of algae, you need to establish the cause of their appearance. In this case, the following points should be considered:

  1. Determination of the type of algae. There are many species and subspecies of these organisms. From the definition of their group depends on the effectiveness of the struggle.
  2. Establishment of the biobalance of the reservoir. Violation of the mutual balance of all inhabitants almost always leads to the appearance of unwanted plants.
  3. Increase the number of plants. In an aquarium with numerous higher plants, algae outbreaks do not occur very often.
  4. The use of drugs that suppress the development of lower plants. Apply chemistry for the algae aquarium should be carefully and as a last resort.

There are 3 methods of dealing with undesirable water tank dwellers.. The mechanical method is a regular cleaning of glass and plants, darkening from sunlight.

Completely get rid of algae will not succeed, but their development can be stopped.

The biological method is based on the fact that many fish and shellfish actively eat algae. This will help reduce the number of green organisms, but the growth rate will still be higher. Biochemical method is the use of antibiotics or chemicals for water purification.

Often, when solving a problem, you need to apply several methods at the same time.

There are categories of aquatic inhabitants that will help in cleaning the tanks:

  1. Siamese Algae Eaters. These are the best helpers in the fight against green organisms. They eat them even with adequate feeding.
  2. Ototsinklyusy. Very effectively rid the environment of all types of lower plants. Due to the structure of its mouth gently remove the algae from the leaves.
  3. Ancistrus Efficient fish, but very lazy. If they get enough food, the algae are not interested in them.
  4. Shellfish They consume not only green organisms, but also organic residues.
  5. Shrimp This is the champions for the induction of purity in the aquarium. In addition to the destruction of all types of algae, they also filter the water.

Of the chemical substances, glutaraldehyde, copper and zinc compounds, and hydrogen peroxide are the most effective.

The store sells a lot of funds against unwanted guests in the aquarium. But you need to use them with caution and following the instructions.

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There are many varieties of these plants. They are about 30 thousand species.

The most common are brown, red and blue-green aquatic organisms.

These are the most common and simple organisms. Represent a brown plaque covering all surfaces in the tank.

The outer shell is very hard and impregnated with silicon, so they appear very quickly in water with a high content of silicates. Hard shell is not able to grow for a long time, so when they multiply they shrink.

Often appear in beginners or in new aquariums.

The reason for their occurrence is the lack of light. They give the water a dirty look, shade the leaves of plants, limit their nutrition.

Plants that love the light and are covered with these algae, are usually in very poor condition or die completely.

You can fight these organisms with mechanical methods. But the easiest way is to increase the light intensity and they will disappear by themselves.

This is a whole group of lower plants. The most famous of them are blackbeard and Vietnamese. Blackbeard is a thread with a length of up to 10 cm.

The flip-flop is small bushes up to 2 cm. Both species are dirty green, almost black. These organisms are very tenacious and difficult to remove.

It is very dangerous for the inhabitants of the aquarium, their large number and sudden appearance.

Crimsons multiply very quickly and in a short time can spread throughout the aquarium. They infect plants by settling on the tips of the leaves. Then spread to the stalks, stones, snags.

The massive development of algae can lead to the death of the plant. The appearance of purple oats is a sign that there is an excess of organic waste in the aquarium and a violation of the lighting regime.

Also to the rapid reproduction of these organisms leads to overpopulation of the aquarium.

The growth of crimson can be caused by the rapid course. Red algae in the aquarium breed on the surface of the filters.

They appear on the scenery with a high content of calcium: statues, marble chips, corals, shells.

Getting rid of purple, you first need to eliminate the movement of water, thereby worsening its power. If possible, reduce the number of fish.

Filtration, cleaning the soil and changing the water reduce the growth of scarlet.

This group of organisms is bacteria, which is how they differ from other algae. This is one of the most dangerous guests of aquariums, because they emit toxins into the water. In addition, for their livelihoods, they use nitrogen, which leads to the accumulation of nitrates in water.

They represent a green slippery film that covers the soil, plants and all the equipment of the aquarium. These organisms have an unpleasant odor.

The appearance of blue-green plants is primarily due to the excessive content of organic matter in water, which occurs as a result of the decomposition of food residues. Low oxygen content in water also contributes to the development of organisms.

If the blue-green alga appeared in the aquarium, it means that a general disturbance of the ecosystem has occurred.

The fight against these bacteria must be complex. It is necessary to combine mechanical and biochemical methods. You should regularly clean the walls of the aquarium, plants and decor from the plaque.

It is necessary to darken the aquarium, fish and valuable species of plants – remove. You should not filter until the bacteria disappear.

The biochemical method consists in dissolving antibiotics or antiseptics in water. After the disappearance of the plants you need to thoroughly wash the plants, the decor and the aquarium itself.

Green algae or chlorophytes – the largest group of algae. Among themselves, these organisms differ not only in structure, but also in the life cycle. The group has about 7 thousand species.

By their appearance, they resemble plants more than others. Almost all the green algae in the aquarium appear in excessive light.

These organisms are found in most aquariums. Their presence does not depend on the number of plants, they can appear even in an empty aquarium. Usually, the xenococcus is formed from an irregular daylight pattern.

It is a hard dark or bright green dots on glasses or plants that grow slowly. These marks can look like separate points, or merge into a solid patina.

In small quantities, xenococcus is considered normal. It begins to grow when the level of light and nitrates exceeds the amount that higher plants can absorb.

It is important to remove excess xenococcus in a timely manner, otherwise over time it will form a dense deposit, which will be very difficult to remove.

These are unicellular algae that cause water to bloom. As a result of reproduction, water is colored yellow, green or brown. The water becomes turbid, the ecological balance is disturbed, all the inhabitants of the aquarium suffer.

Euglena breeds due to high temperature and long daylight hours. Usually blooming water occurs in spring and summer, especially in aquariums, which stand near the windows.

At the same time, higher plants suffer because euglena obscures them and absorbs nutrients from the water.

To combat these organisms in the first place you need to reduce the amount of light. Shading an aquarium for 3-4 days sometimes allows you to completely get rid of them. The most effective way is to install a UV lamp, which is often the only way out.

The substitution of water can enhance the reproduction of euglena, since they receive nutrients from new water.

This is the largest group of green algae. Unites their appearance – green thin threads, sometimes forming balls.

Attached to snags, stones, old leaves. They grow all over the plants.

They live in aquariums with optimal conditions for the growth of higher plants. The most famous filamentous algae:

  1. Spirogyra. It is a slimy foam clusters with thin long strands. It grows very fast, entangling everything with its threads. Appears most often in polluted aquariums. The most effective counter method is manual removal.
  2. Kladofora. It has the appearance of bushes, which are attached to the surface, consists of rigid and durable branching threads. Most often it is entered into the reservoir by chance on the roots or leaves of plants. This alga habitat conditions are close to the living conditions of plants. It is resistant to various chemical agents.
  3. Edogonium. These are short green algae, resembling down on plants. If it is not removed, then over time grow long threads. In the fight against edogoniumom should be given sufficient nutrition to higher plants that displace it. Water change will lead to the opposite result.
  4. Rizoklonium. Appears in new aquariums, in which a high level of ammonium content. It is considered the most innocent alga of all greens. It disappears by itself after the establishment of a biobalance of the aquarium.

These are the main types of algae found in almost all aquariums.

The best way to combat algae is to prevent their appearance. For this you need to take into account a number of points.

Choosing the location of the aquarium plays an important role. You need to install the tank so that it does not get sunlight.

It is also necessary to ensure sufficient aeration of water. You can not buy plants from aquariums, in which there are algae.

When buying new plants need to sustain them in quarantine. It is very important to regularly supply higher plants with all nutrients, to limit the number of fish and their feeding.

An excess of inhabitants and the remnants of food lead to an increase in the amount of nitrates.

Algae control is a laborious and responsible process. But if you carry out preventive measures, the aquarium will always look well-groomed and beautiful.

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