There are many unpretentious aquarium plants that look interesting and spectacular, like more capricious species. With the help of undemanding vegetation, the aquarist-novice can create atmospheric landscapes, showing his imagination and creativity.
Unpretentious types are distinguished by endurance and the ability to survive at different temperatures. Some of the species presented do not need a lot of light and the composition of the water is not important.
Most of the undemanding species grow quickly, reproduce easily and do not require fertilizer.
For reproduction of decorative Javanese moss does not need rooting in the ground. Unpretentious bryophyte floats freely in the water column or attached to the stones.
Javanese moss grows quickly in an aquarium, even with medium light, so periodically trim overgrown branches.
Another popular moss. Swims over the water surface, does not require rooting in the ground.
Many fish eat Riccia as food. The plant is also loved by microorganisms that feed on fry. Ritchie creates shaded places in the aquarium, if desired, it can be mounted on the walls or stones.
Overgrown moss settles on the bottom under the weight of the weight.
Thailand’s winged fern does not like intense light. It grows slowly, adding one leaf per month.
Thailand fern can not be placed in the ground, it is attached to the stones rhizoids. Provide a temperature of 24 degrees.
Unpretentious plant that floats on the surface or planted in the ground. When leaving the Indian water fern above the water, make sure that the lamp does not burn the leaves.
Ferns love sand or shallow soil.
Alga forms a colony in the form of a fluffy green ball. Unpretentious Kladofora retains a spherical shape at a temperature of 23-25 degrees.
In the thickets of algae microorganisms breed – food for fry and shrimp.
In modern aquarism, key moss is rare. Successfully grows in cold-water and warm-water aquariums.
Unassuming for light intensity.
Unpretentious plant, which does not need a lot of light, and the range of permissible temperatures is quite wide (5-30 degrees). Growing fast.
Popular species: spiral wallisneria and giant. Plant grass into the ground with a diameter of 3–5 mm. If there are metal decorations in the aquarium, be careful, the vallisneria does not tolerate metal oxides.
Do not place in the same container with a leaf.
A plant with a long stem and oblong leaves. Planted in the ground or remains in the water column for free swimming.
Periodically thin out the ragweed or start the fish that eat it.
Easily propagates, creating dense thickets. Often used as a shelter for small fish.
Nayas receives the necessary substances for the growth of the water column, so it is not necessary to plant it in the ground.
Bright green leaves form on the long stem. Unpretentious to the composition of the water and the light level of the plant. Elodea prefers a water temperature of up to 28 degrees.
It has a high growth rate. Able to grow without rooting in the ground, with good conditions it grows up to 2 meters.
The grass is notable for interesting fan-shaped leaves. Easily propagates, forming a lush bush.
Rooted in the ground. The optimum water temperature is 20-25 degrees.
Light-requiring and unpretentious, in the shade usually turns yellow.
Unpretentious plant that is planted in the ground. Leaves color from reddish to green. On long stems many thin leaves grow, giving the greenery an unusual look.
If a limnophile is planted in a newly launched aquarium, nutrient soil will be needed. In favorable conditions it blooms with purple flowers above the water surface.
Long-stemmed plant with rich green leaves. When a large amount of light leaves become pink.
It grows at a temperature of 22-28 degrees, planted in the ground. Flowering is accompanied by bluish flowers.
Very popular with aquarists since the last century. Also known as urut.
In the aquarium using the most unpretentious types: Brazilian and Christmas. The leaflike leaves are collected around the stem, color from blue-green to gray-green.
Unpretentious plant with a long stem and leaves that change color when exposed to light. In the weak light the leaves are dark green. To color the leaves in bright red, pick up intense lighting and fertilizer with nitrates and phosphates.
Ludwig grows quickly and reproduces easily.
Unpretentious varieties of alternantery, popular in Dutch aquariums: sit, purple, pink. It grows under water and above water.
In the water, large leaves grow densely, when growing on the surface forms white flowers.
Popular type: Anubias dwarf, the size of which allows you to place it in nano-aquariums. Anubias is unpretentious to the level of light, suitable for moderate lighting.
Dense leaves harder to damage the fish and snails. Greens are not important parameters of water.
It grows slowly.
Unpretentious floating plant. Located on the surface of the water, creates shaded areas in the aquarium.
Some water dwellers eat duckweed, so when running fish, find out what they eat. To create landscapes in the aquarium, secure the duckweed on the snag using a net.
Known as nomafila straight. Bush with large yellow-green leaves.
Growing, lemongrass floats to the surface and blooms with a pronounced honey aroma. Have lemongrass in a large aquarium.
Under the name of lemongrass also known hygrophyll compact, similar in color and shape.
Many species of rotala have been developed. Red varieties are popular: butterfly, variegated, Indian. Planted in a sandy substrate with the addition of clay.
With a lack of light loses saturation.
Relatively new in aquarium plant. It is 10 cm tall, has small oval leaves, which allows it to be kept in a nano-aquarium.
It grows slowly and reaches small sizes. Leaves resemble clover.
Unpretentious to the level of light and temperature.
Known as hygrophil demorphic. It grows rapidly and multiplies, has a well-developed root system.
The leaves are yellow-green in color with oval teeth and openwork. In favorable conditions, forms pink inflorescences.
Purifies water from nitrogenous compounds. Suitable for aquariums of all sizes.
It grows in the ground and in the water column. Threadlike leaves create shelters for fish.
Depending on the species, the leaves are brown, green and reddish. Placing the grass in the aquarium, take care of the lighting, the rest of the parameters naiad unpretentious.
There are many types of echinodorus that require care of different levels of complexity. Unpretentious echinodorus Amazonian, which is easily adaptable to different conditions.
Bright blades of grass grow from a single outlet, quickly forming beautiful bushes.
Ekhinodorus blekhera (yarrow) just as unpretentious, outwardly similar to the Amazon. It was derived artificially.
It grows exclusively under water. Remember that this hard-leaved plant loves bright light.
Outwardly, this unpretentious plant resembles a water lily with a diameter of 3 cm. Long roots serve as shelters for fish and filter water due to the retention and absorption of organic particles.
Loves a lot of light, grows with a large temperature range.
Other names: Eleoharis, bog needle. Leafless stems form dense thickets and are especially good as fish shelters.
Loves bright lighting, to other parameters is not picky.
It grows in the ground, on the surface of the water, as well as outside the aquatic environment. It is a shelter and food source for aquatic creatures. The leaves of hydrocoles are round, in the aquarium they look interesting and unusual.
Provide a plant with sufficient light.
The plant is reminiscent of echinodorus, grows somewhat thinner. Reacts to the movement of water, attracting attention.
Propagated by side shoots, growing in the direction of the greatest illumination.
Different types of cryptocorynes differ from each other in shape, color and size. Ribbon or oval leaves grow from one point, the stem is absent. Adapts to any water parameters.
Do not allow a sharp change in water parameters, greens are sensitive to sudden changes. Cryptocoryne able to grow above water.
The plant consists of narrow blades of grass 10–15 cm long. It grows in bunches.
Propagated by shoots, quickly forms thickets. In an aquarium, there may be a lack of iron, indicated by yellowing of the plant. Easily adapts to different temperature and hydrochemical parameters.
It grows in fresh and brackish water. If properly maintained, a blue or white flower appears above the surface of the water.
Fast growing bulbous plant. Differs in high durability therefore it will be more difficult to fishes to damage it.
Planted in the ground so that the bulb protrudes by two thirds. This method of landing will reduce the risk of rotting.
Unusual long blades of krinum transform any aquarium. In good conditions, flowering occurs with the formation of a white flower.
For unpretentious plants requires simple care:
Partially change the water and thin out the plant once a week. Do not allow without the need to replace a large amount of water, just fill up to 25% of the volume of the aquarium. Combine the substitution of fluid siphon with the soil.
Next to the roots, siphon the soil gently, using special small tips to avoid damaging the plants. Fertilize as needed no more than once a month.
Be attentive to dosages.
Usually unpretentious flora does not require additional dressings, greenery is enough nutrients contained in water. Watch for light intensity and color spectrum.
When using fluorescent lights, change them on time.
Choosing the right number of plants, consider:
Some fish are more comfortable to be among a large amount of greenery. Some aquarian inhabitants eat and dig up plants, others are indifferent to the aquarium flora. With high-quality filtration and aeration of plants will need less.
Take into account these features, filling the aquarium with grass.
An important role is played by the choice of style. For example, the Dutch style involves a large amount of greenery, in which not a single patch of soil is visible.
Universal rule of settlement: greens should be no more than a third of the area of the aquarium.
For each plant, find out its requirements, as well as how the inhabitants will relate to this type of plant – whether they eat and do not undermine.
Take into account the needs of water inhabitants and the interior space. Consider the composition in advance. There are several rules that help create a spectacular body of water:
Unpretentious plants, the most suitable for decorating the background:
In the center, place:
In front, place a small and bright flora:
Dilute the greens with scarlet and purple hues:
Fertilizers will be needed for the colors to be saturated. Sufficient illumination remains the decisive factor.
Aquatic vegetation performs important functions:
Aquascaping has long been recognized as an applied art. Unpretentious and diverse plant species allow novice aquarists to join aquascaping quickly and easily.