Thai fern, or, as it is also called, pterygoid, belongs to one of the popular varieties of aquarium evergreens. He is quite unpretentious regarding the content and care. Even aspiring aquarists can grow thailand ferns effortlessly.
This plant will help you easily and efficiently decorate your home aquarium.
Fern is also called javanese. In its natural habitat, this plant can be found on the territory of Southeast Asia. In nature, the fern can grow up to 50 cm in length.
However, when grown at home in an aquarium, this green pet grows only up to 30 cm. This is because the plant does not have enough natural light, and it is under artificial lights for all year round.
Geographical variations vary in size and shape of the leaf.
There are several different types of Thai fern, which differ in the shape of the leaves and their size. The most common types are:
- with needle leaves;
In nature, plants prefer to settle on a rocky bottom, covered with silt, on large snags. Culture clings to various supports with the help of its rhizoids, which are thread-like formations.
On the leaves of this aquatic culture one can clearly see spores, which become much darker during the period of ripening. The leaves have an elongated lanceolate shape, constantly stretching to the surface of the water. Leaf plates are quite bright, have a juicy green tint.
If all the necessary rules of cultivation are observed at home, the aquatic culture can grow into bushy and dense thickets.
In an aquarium, it can be planted both in groups and individually in the form of an unusual bush. The Thai fern in an aquarium is fairly easy to grow, as it does not need CO2 and strong lighting, as well as additional fertilizer.
There are several types of this plant for growing at home, which can be found at the moment on sale. Some of them appeared in a natural way, and some were bred by breeders who specifically conducted work on the withdrawal of new varieties. The most common ones are:
- Fern thailand narrow-leaved. Its main feature is the presence of narrow and long leaves. If to provide this grade the correct leaving, then sheet plates can grow to 20 cm in length. However, if the plant is contained incorrectly, the leaves will not grow more than 10 cm. The thickets of this fern species are somewhat reminiscent of dwarf dense forests, where, by the way, aquarium fish love to spawn. The variety grows slowly, only one new leaf is formed in one month. However, many aquarists prefer to grow this particular type of fern, as it always looks impressive in combination with other water plantings.
- Fern Thai winged. Many also prefer to grow this variety of ferns for ease of care, unusual appearance, low growth rate. At home, spectacular dark green leafy plates can grow up to 30 cm, and form thick and beautiful thickets in the aquarium. It is best to plant this variety in the tank around the perimeter or in the very center of the underwater world. However, there is another very original form of the winged fern. She was bred in artificial ways by Tropica Aquarium Plants breeders. This fern differs from its progenitor in its decorative appearance – the leaf plates at the end have carved edges, thanks to which the green rosette looks much more attractive. However, this variety grows in length to a maximum of 15 cm, so it is recommended to plant a fern in the very center of the aquarium or closer to the front.
- Undulata This species differs from the others in its softness and tenderness of leaf plates. The leaves are light green, wavy, shaped like aponogeton. The variety is considered quite rare, this plant is hard to find on sale. The cost of it, by the way, is higher than other types.
- Pterygoid fern. This species has gained wide popularity literally in recent years. The plant has graceful narrow leaves. It is worth noting that the culture is poorly taken root in soft and acidic water, which is considered very surprising, since in its natural habitat it prefers to grow in slightly salty waters. If water conditions are unsuitable for ferns, holes and black spots may form on the leaf plates. Optimum conditions for cultivation: water hardness of 10 dgh and a pH of at least 6.6. The variety is ideal for keeping in salt aquariums. Like the rest of the varieties, the winged Philippine fern needs little light and CO2. This plant is distinguished by a very fast growth rate, its leaves are capable of reaching a length of 40 cm.
- Windel fern. Quite an attractive and interesting variety that many aquarists have fallen in love with for its unusual leaves that have branched tips. The maximum length of one plate is 20 cm. The plant is considered to be very undemanding in its content, therefore, it is ideal for beginners. Herbivorous aquarium fish do not eat this culture.
- Fern Tropica. Externally, this plant has some common features with a dandelion socket: the fern’s plates are also divided into three parts. Adult leaves can reach a length of 40 cm. The bush grows at the same time large, so it is ideal for decorating the back wall of the aquarium. The fern is also very undemanding to care and maintenance.
- Taiwan fern. This species is quite rare, at home it is almost impossible to meet. However, with respect to its decoration this plant cannot be found equal.
There are several basic rules that must be observed when growing fern at home. Successful growth and development of the underwater plant will depend on this.
First of all, it is necessary to constantly monitor the temperature of the water environment, the chemical indicators of water, the quality of the soil and the brightness of the light.
It is not recommended to combine the content of this plant with fish digging the ground, as well as frequent procedures for cleaning the bottom and transplanting plants, as the fern does not tolerate turbid water.
Those people who have just recently begun to master the art of growing aquarium fish at home can safely choose a water fern for decorating their water corner. However, this requires taking into account some of the nuances. The main conditions for the successful cultivation and reproduction of fern:
- Chemical composition fluid in the aquarium. The water in the tank should have hardness values of about 6 dgh, and acidity should be between 5.5 and 7 PH. These characteristics, as a rule, have old aquarium water, so often it is not recommended to replace it. The fluid can be updated in parts, at 20% every two weeks.
- Water temperature. An aquatic plant grows very poorly in cool water. If the temperature of the liquid drops to 18 degrees, this can cause the growth of foliage and root system to stop, so the ideal environment is an aqueous medium, the temperature of which is about 24 degrees.
- Lighting brightness. To make the water fern delight the eye with its powerful, bright, exotic, green leaves, it is recommended to provide it with a light day lasting 12 hours.
Planting a fern in an aquarium is quite simple. As a rule, this plant develops quickly on any soil without providing it with carbon dioxide, if it is attached by an artificial method to any heavy object, for example, a stone or a massive bark.
Slow growth is considered an undoubted advantage, since there is no need for frequent pruning of green spaces and removal of unnecessary shoots.
Fern propagates by dividing the rhizome or transplanting young plants budding from the leaves of the parent plant.
To land in the underwater world of a Thai fern, you can use different methods. Any of these is good and easily applicable for both beginners and professional aquarists. Tools that can be used to decorate an aquarium at home:
- Fastening with a simple fishing line.
- Fastening the fern to the snags or stones with the help of a nylon thread.
- The use of rubber harnesses. This type of attachment is the most reliable, but outwardly it will look unattractive in an aquarium.
- Quite often, people use a waterproof super-adhesive type “Moment” to mount a fern in an aquarium. However, it is not necessary in this case to completely cover the plate with an adhesive, it should be applied only in the amount of a few drops in the necessary places. At the point of gluing the roots will disappear, but by this time the plant will have time to grow and will firmly sit on the support.
To successfully propagate the water fern at home, the bush must be divided into several pieces, each of which should contain several plates and a small part of the root system.
However, for this purpose, you can use another method, which involves the use of growth buds formed on the old, almost destroyed sheet, where a new rhizome begins to form.
When the sheet plate is completely dead, the young plant will tear itself away from the mother, pulling it upwards. After this, the roots develop and pull the whole fern down to the ground.
This aquatic culture does not have a real root system; the plant draws all the trace elements directly from water. If there is a shortage of nitrogen or other elements, the growth of the Thai fern slows down, and there may be some problems.
Quite often, this aquatic plant begins to turn black leaf plates, if the rigidity of the aquatic environment increases, so beginners should regularly monitor and control the chemical composition of water.
If you follow the hardness and turbidity of water, the risk of fern disease is reduced.
In addition, some aquarium fish can damage the root system when they dig out the ground. If you quickly remove the damaged areas of the fern, it will contribute to the rapid growth of new foliage and roots.
To create a beautiful water landscape in a small aquarium, you will need to follow a special approach and show imagination.
A feature of the Fern is its ability to take root on surfaces that are unsuitable for most other aquarium plants.
Of course, it will be quite simple to buy aquarium fishes and an expensive tank, which is equipped with all the necessary electrical appliances, but if they are not properly designed, all these labors and costs will be in vain, and the underwater world will get an unattractive poor appearance.
With the help of Thai fern aquarium plants, you can create absolutely any composition, which is also recommended to include other decorative elements and stones. All this will take a little time and little effort.
With the correct content of Thai narrow-leaved fern or other varieties of this plant, elegant rosettes of bright green leaves are formed, which will not take up much space in the aquarium. This culture can instantly revive the aquatic environment among the stones or a single snag. The plant is ideal for the formation of a water alley.
For this, a frame of the required size is created, after which, using a fishing line or other materials, prearranged rhizomes of seedlings are attached. After a few months you can get an attractive green hedge.
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