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Scholethora leaf: where it grows and what the plant looks like

The arrowhead belongs to the herbaceous perennial plants and also has other names: water boom, marsh, sagittariya. The area of ​​distribution in the wild nature extends from America to Europe (almost its entire part) and Asia.

In Japan and China, it is bred exclusively for human consumption.

The arrowhead belongs to the herbaceous perennial plants

The arrowhead ordinary must be fully or partially immersed in water. The phenomenon of heterophilia (the formation of leaves of different shapes), characteristic of it, allows you to have leaves both underwater and floating on the surface.

Racemes appear in mid-June and persist until the end of summer.

Its leaves are used in traditional medicine to heal wounds and stop bleeding. Fresh leaves are applied in the form of dressings for erysipelas.

The tannins in the plant are effective in treating fungal diseases and infectious skin lesions. It is not recommended to use it:

  • while carrying a child;
  • during breastfeeding;
  • with obesity;
  • diabetes;
  • in childhood.

In the case of individual intolerance to certain substances, caution should be exercised. The plant can be found in the official register of medicinal herbs in Russia.

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Under natural conditions, there are about 40 types of arrowheads. Some varieties have decorative properties. Especially often found in the device ponds and aquariums types of saggittaria:

  1. Ordinary. Swept overhead and filamentous underwater leaves have a bright green color. The leaf plate can be from 7 to 16 cm in size. It is easy to recognize a plant from the white racemes that appear in July.
  2. Dwarf. Used as a decoration for the aquarium because of its small size. An adult plant has a height of about 10 cm.
  3. Awesome. This species is distinguished by narrow leaves from 7 to 20 cm long. It is allowed to land it not only at full immersion in water, but also along the edges of reservoirs. Unpretentiousness and resistance to trimming excess parts of the bush made it an indispensable plant for aquarists.
  4. Floating. This species is distinguished by a rosette located at the base and a long stem. It produces oval swept leaves along the entire length. In nature, it occurs near the banks of rivers and in shallow water.

Growing any kind of arrowhead, you should follow the rules of reproduction, planting and care. From seed bog grow rarely due to the lack of such a need.

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Vegetative breeding method is considered cost-effective. An adult plant is easily propagated by shoots or by division. Engaged in dividing the bush in spring or autumn: part of the shoots with the ground is transferred to a new place.

By November, new tubers will form on the shoots (up to 15 pieces per season). If necessary, they should be separated and planted in moist soil.

The soil where the arrowhead grows must be fertile, moist and silky. For planting in the aquarium used silted fine sand.

It lay out a layer of up to 3 cm around the perimeter of the bottom. The root neck should be left on the surface. Landings of up to 30 cm are permissible in still water.

In the case of the wrong depth of the selected bush will not bloom.

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By virtue of its unpretentiousness bog easily adapts to different growing conditions. A place with diffused light will be the best for the plant. Arrowhead normally tolerates short exposure to direct sunlight.

Duration of daylight should be up to 12 hours.

In the light, the color of the leaves of the plant becomes darker. When growing in an aquarium, you need to monitor the purity of the water.

If there are suspensions in the aquarium, a film is formed on the leaves, which inhibits the plants and prevents them from developing normally. To comply with sanitary standards, it is recommended to install filters and change ¼ of the water once a week.

An arrowhead easily adapts to different growing conditions.

The water temperature should not exceed 25 ° C. Minimum thermometer should be within +10 ° C. The arrowhead perfectly tolerates the winter in open water under natural conditions. When ice forms on the surface, the roots do not suffer and in the spring they form new shoots.

When grown in dry areas plants need abundant watering. Do not allow complete drying of the soil.

Experienced growers recommend placing plants in pots that do not have drainage holes. The containers are filled with soil and water to the very edges.

During flowering and reproduction bushes need mineral fertilization. Bring it in the amount of 2 grams per 100 liters of water.

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Fresh water arrow tubers are used to prepare some dishes. Fresh, they have a slight bitterness, but after heat treatment, it disappears.

The presence of starch and protein makes it similar in taste to potatoes.

Bolotnik contains vitamins A, B, C, E and has a pleasant aroma. Tubers of plants are often used when roasting meat.

Pre-required to boil them in salted water and peel the skin. Collect the product in spring and autumn during the formation of young tubers under the ground.

The arrowhead is an amazing plant that can not only be used to decorate an aquarium or pond, but also used for cooking. For diseases in the digestive system, it is recommended to consult a doctor before consuming the product.

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