Nymphaeus appeared recently in the aquarium. The water lily was kept in ponds, but now many aquarists admire it in their aquariums.
The representative flora is found in West Africa and America. Among the more than 70 species there are large in size and small.
The shape of the leaves is round or heart-shaped, color from light green to burgundy. Leaf diameter up to 15-30 cm.
All species of this herb have strong and thick roots. Plants light and thermophilic.
Small species are kept in aquariums. Water lily grows under a bush.
Forms flowers on the surface if conditions are created for this.
In the red nymph, olive or red leaves, there are maroon patterns. The origin has several versions. The first one claims that the nymphea is red – a native of West Africa.
The most popular theory is that the water lily is bred artificially for the needs of the aquarium.
The plant was named for the purple leaves. In height does not exceed 40 cm.
For the normal development of large leaves, provide enough space for the bush.
Large leaves of bright green color with a dark pattern. During flowering a white flower appears.
Nymphae tiger is often found in aquariums.
The shade of the leaves is pinkish green, the shape is rounded. The number of leaves is formed in accordance with the volume of the aquarium.
Flowering is accompanied by a small white flower. In winter, growth slows down a lot.
It grows on average up to 30 cm in length. Forms leaves under water and on the surface. Underwater sheets are painted red-green, flood sheets are plain green.
The appearance of flooding signals the early appearance of a flower.
From above the leaves of this plant are light green, from the bottom there are violet blotches. Bush looks spectacular in the aquarium.
Life-giving water lily less pretentious to the parameters of water.
Nympheus can not be called unpretentious aquarium plant. You will need additional equipment and powerful lighting.
Growing water lilies requires experience in maintaining aquarium plants.
For landing nymphs need an aquarium from 50 cm in height, filled with water at least 40 cm.
A water lily will need soft water (2-14 dGH). The more rigid nymphea will exist without flowering. PH 5-7.
Water lily does not like frequent water changes. Better every two weeks at 20-25%.
Nimfey survives at a temperature of 15 to 30 degrees. It blooms from 22 degrees.
Maintain the aquarium microclimate. Take care of water heating in cold weather.
Must have a thermometer. The presence of oxygen dissolved in water is desirable. To do this, place a low-power compressor or pump.
Make sure that the aeration process does not shake the water too much.
Use a soft substrate. Combine in mixture:
For fertilizing, use fertilizers and additives:
During the growing season, increase the dosage of fertilizers. In an aquarium with a well-established biomedia, it is not necessary to feed the plant.
Yellowing of the leaves indicates a lack of nutrients, so look closely at the appearance of the plant.
Place the lights at a sufficient distance from the surface of the water. Avoid using incandescent bulbs: they are thin and they heat the water very much.
Suitable LED and fluorescent lamps. The sun rays are beneficial to the plant, but weed algae develop in the aquarium under the influence of such light.
Create a light day lasting 12-14 hours.
It blooms in the second half of summer. Do not let the temperature fall below 22 degrees, keep the water soft.
Nymphaea breeds in two ways:
After flowering, the root of the plant increases in width. Separate the neoplasms and place them in a previously prepared aquarium with soil and water at a temperature of at least 26 degrees. Thinning is useful for nymphs.
Artificially pollinate the plant in the fall. To do this, treat the leaf bosoms with a soft brush. After the seeds are formed, collect them and place them in the peat substrate, watering with warm, settled water. If the conditions are met correctly, the first shoots appear. Seedlings are placed in different places.
In natural conditions, the water lily prefers swamps and ponds. Natural specimens are divided by size:
Small bushes are considered to grow up to 70 cm in height, the largest – up to 1.5 m. The size of petioles depends on the place of growth. Some water lilies are awake during the day, others show buds in the dark.
There are simple flowers in structure, others have a huge number of petals and resemble asters and peonies.
The shade of flowers is different:
Natural representatives have powerful root processes up to 5 cm in diameter. There are species adapted to the winter cold (pure white, white, small), but most do not tolerate the cold winter.
Nymphaea is a beautiful aquarium plant that requires patience and skill. And although experienced growers understand the intricacies of the content, some mistakenly call the nymph pods, whose bushes are able to grow in the shade, and flowering is accompanied by small yellow flowers.