Nomafila straight (Nomaphila stricta, Nomaphila corymbosa) or, as it is called, Lemongrass – aquarium plant Acanthaceae family (Acanthaceae).
Homeland nomafily straight is Southeast Asia. Due to its high decorative qualities, the plant is very popular among amateurs.
Stem lemongrass very strong and long, pointed leaves of an oval form are located on it. The sheet plate is painted light green above and silver at the bottom.
For nomafily content direct need big aquarium, as in favorable conditions, it reaches a considerable size and can also come out of the water. Most profitable lemongrass looks in the background aquarium.
Grows evenly all year round.
Contain lemongrass needed in aquarium with a tropical climate. Water temperature in such aquarium from 22 to 28 ° C.
The decrease in temperature affects the growth rates and the appearance of the plant: growth slows down, leaves become shallow. The hardness of the water should not be below 8 °, the reaction is neutral or slightly acid (pH 7-8.5). In water, the hardness of which is lower than that, leaves lemongrass are destroyed.
The plant needs a weekly change of about a quarter of the water in aquarium. Lighting for the maintenance of this plant must be intense.
The lack of light causes the decay of the lower leaves. Fluorescent lamps are used as illuminators; their approximate power is no less than half a watt per liter of water. As an additional light is useful to use incandescent bulbs.
The device additionally side illumination will help keep old leaves. A light day for this plant should last at least 12 hours. For content of lemongrass requires a well-silted, nutrient-rich soil.
In the case of transplanting under the roots of the plant enclose clay. Root system nomafily straight strong, well developed. Therefore, the nature of the substrate used in aquarium, does not matter much.
The soil is laid on the bottom aquarium a layer which thickness makes 5-7 cm. To bring an additional mineral top dressing especially for lemongrass no need. This plant is very sensitive to the concentration of chemicals in water, which must be considered when it is contained.
Alkalinization of water with baking soda or addition of salt must be done very carefully, since lemongrass very poorly tolerated oversaturation with sodium ions.
You can also contain nomafilu straight in the conditions of paludarium or greenhouse. In this case, the plant is placed initially in a low container with water, and after the air shoots are formed, they are already transplanted into the ground.
The soil consists of a mixture of sand, garden soil and clay. Lemongrass grows much faster in greenhouse conditions than in aquarium. From a plant grown in air, you can take a cutting and place it in aquarium.
The cutting will easily transfer the change of environment and will continue to grow.
Breeds lemongrass using cuttings that are obtained by separating the apical shoot from the parent plant.