Every day mosses in aquariums are becoming increasingly popular. This is due to their beautiful decorative appearance and the possibility of their decoration of snags, stones and other aquarium decorations, in order to give them a natural look and greater naturalness.
Mosses are one of the oldest plant species on our planet, there are about 10 thousand species of moss, most of them grow outside of water, and only a small part of the species can grow in the aquatic environment.
The mosses that grow in our aquariums can also exist in swampy areas above the water level, while their development in the water and above the water can vary significantly, the shape of the leaf and other external features will change. In the aquarium, mosses can be used not only for decorative purposes, they are an excellent refuge for fry and a substrate for fledgling fish.
Care for aquarium mosses.
Mosses, unlike most species of other plants, are very slow growing, do not have a root system. Attached to the soil and stones mosses using rhizoids.
Nutrients absorb from the water.
There are two main options for keeping mosses in aquariums: together with other plants or separately. If in the aquarium in addition to mosses, other plants are not planned to contain, then it is necessary to meet the strict requirements for the preparation of the aquarium.
First of all, mosses consume very few nutrients due to their slow growth, so feel free to abandon the nutrient substrates, nutrient soils and supplemental tablets. Soil in such an aquarium will perform only a decorative function, its thickness should be minimal. Excess nitrate or phosphate levels in an aquarium can cause algae outbreaks.
Algae can greatly harm the moss, so the disease is easier to prevent than to heal. Mosses, like any other aquarium plants, love bright lighting and carbon dioxide supply.
In the case of use in the aquarium together with mosses and other plant species there will be less concern about algal fouling. But in the first time after launch, it is recommended to plant as many fast-growing plants as possible until the bio balance is improved.
Mkham always need to allocate a brightly lit place, they should not be hidden in the shade of thick and tall plants.
When growing aquarium mosses, remember that the moss spread on the bark or the cobblestone will grow much better than crumpled and lying at the bottom of the aquarium. If you are buying a moss for an aquarium at a pet store, then ask sellers if this species can be attached by rhizoids to surfaces. If the moss grows to different surfaces, then it can be tied around the snag or cobblestones with ordinary cotton thread, which will later rot in the aquarium.
If the moss does not have the ability to grow, then it will need to be straightened with a very thin layer and tied to the scenery with a thin fishing line, in the process of growth the moss will cover the line and it will not be visible.
In the process of growth, the moss needs to be cut, in the place where it was cut, the moss will begin to branch more and will look more lush. But some types of moss are not basically cut, for example, Christmas moss looks more decorative if in the process of growth does not violate the integrity of its leaves.
When keeping mosses, the following conditions must be met:
– Most species of mosses do not tolerate very warm water and can blacken and die from this, it is believed that a temperature of 28 degrees is considered critical, and at temperatures below 18 degrees their growth stops. Ideal conditions are a temperature of 20-25 degrees.
– the water should not be too hard, especially when CO2 is supplied to the aquarium. Most species of moss in natural conditions live in soft water, the same conditions are desirable to create in the aquarium.
– ph level 6.3 – 6.7
With all these requirements, keep in mind that mosses, exactly like other aquarium plants, can even adapt to critical water parameters. Immediately after transplantation, the process of adaptation occurs and the moss will not grow, but after 2-3 weeks its normal growth and development will begin.
When keeping mosses in an aquarium, keep in mind that because of its shape, all water suspension from organic matter and other aquarium mud can settle on them. In this regard, it is recommended that crystal clear water, mechanical filtration and the absence of too active species of fish that can raise the dirty suspension in the water.
When siphon soil recommended a little siphon and mosses.
If suddenly there appeared algae in your aquarium, do not even think of putting Siamese algae-eaters into it, as they will easily lure moss with algae and will eat everything in a row. For the same reason, it is not necessary to move the fish actively eating aquarium plants.
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