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Mosses as aquarium plants: maintenance and decoration

The beautiful view of the aquarium mostly depends on the design. Not the last role in it is played by plants. One of the most popular decorations is moss for aquarium or bryophyte.

The diversity of these representatives of the flora allows you to make the landscape unique. Mosses are the highest spore plants.

They do not need complex care, they look very attractive and do not react to aggressive external environment.

Experts believe mosses unpretentious plants. One of the main advantages of aquarium mosses is that they can grow even on stones or snags. Is there some more several features in the maintenance of aquarium mosses:

  • do not require special care, they can adapt themselves to any conditions;
  • slow growth of mosses allows you to make beautiful compositions and keep them in their original form for a long time;
  • can be used in aquariums of all shapes and sizes;
  • all types of mosses make the composition in the aquarium more natural;
  • have no roots, and therefore they can be moved from one place to another without fear of damaging the plant;
  • they are an ideal place for spawning and shelter of fry;
  • may grow again and again due to spore multiplication.

Thanks to these characteristics, moss is a very popular plant for decorating aquariums.

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All species of mosses require almost identical conditions of detention. Even if there are no plants of other species in the aquarium, moss will be an excellent alternative for decoration.

The main conditions for creating beautiful compositions:

  1. The temperature of the water should be 20–25 ° C. Many species tolerate higher temperatures, but at the same time they can stop growing and then start to rot.
  2. Water hardness should not be too high, but not too low. In hard water, many species will not survive, and in the soft – yellow.
  3. Lighting can be bright, because a lot of light causes moss to grow faster.
  4. Carbon dioxide is necessary for good growth, but the simplest species of aquarium mosses grow without it. But rare and ornamental species need carbon dioxide, so you need to take care of its artificial supply.
  5. Micro- and macronutrients should be added in case of emergency, because some nitrates benefit one plant, but harm others. Phosphorus, calcium and copper are suitable for all types of mosses.
  6. The soil should be present in the aquarium. It plays a very important role for all inhabitants, because it supports the vital activity of beneficial bacteria.
  7. It is necessary to monitor the cleanliness in the aquarium and to collect all the garbage in a timely manner.
  8. Regrown branches need to be removed, because new shoots shadow the lower ones, and this leads to the death of the latter.

In general, the care and maintenance of these plants does not bring much inconvenience and does not take much time. And compliance with all conditions of maintenance will make the aquarium more beautiful.

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Mosses belong to one of the most ancient inhabitants of the planet, they are about 300 million years old. They number more than 10 thousand species. Artificial mosses for an aquarium are divided into classes depending on the habitat and appearance:

  • anthoceric – A rare class, different lamellar leaves, distributed in the tropics;
  • liverwists – the most popular class, differs in the small sizes and gentle leaves;
  • leafy – This is the most numerous class, subdivided into 3 subclasses: Andrew, Brie and Sphagnum.

The most popular species of aquarium mosses are as follows.

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This most unpretentious moss is very popular among aquarists. He has no stems and leaves.

Riccia consists of interlaced plates. It is widely used as a scuba or floating plant, as a soil culture and shelter for fry.

When landing on the bottom of the aquarium, Riccia is capable of creating a carpet several centimeters thick, which is an excellent place for fish nests.

Riccia has excellent environmental properties and is able to favorably influence the aquarium microclimate.

Propagated by vegetative way. It is enough to transfer a small piece of the plant to a new place. Riccia has a light green color, and if it takes on a reddish color, it means that conditions of detention are not suitable for it.

This plant requires soft water and bright lighting.

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This moss was discovered in 2005 in Taiwan. It is a plant that spreads along the surface.

Differs unpretentiousness. The main rule of care is to regularly cut the bushes, because the lower layers may rot, and this leads to the death of the entire plant.

This moss needs regular cleaning of the aquarium, as the plant is a filter, and in a dirty aquarium its leaves are clogged with organic debris. Ricardia can grow on any surface and in any water, which should be 18-24 C. If the elevated temperature persists for a long time, the plant may die.

Moss needs a bright light and an additional supply of carbon dioxide.

This is one of the most famous and beautiful mosses. In appearance it resembles the frozen streams of a fountain. Small phoenix bushes are located near the front wall of the aquarium.

It grows slowly, but quickly attaches to the substrate. On stones, grids, snags, phoenix does not require binding.

The care is unpretentious, can grow in any environment, does not require additional lighting. Phoenix does not need additional feeding and is able to extract it from the water.

It is necessary to regularly clean the aquarium, in polluted water the phoenix grows poorly and is ill.

The most common bryophyte in many aquariums due to extreme unpretentiousness. It has long flattened leaves with lateral processes.

It grows vertically, so it is better to have it near the back wall of the aquarium.

Java moss adapts to any habitat, grows in any light, and tolerates temperature fluctuations. The only disadvantage is that it needs a binding due to poor fixation on the substrate.

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It is a plant with leaf-like shoots. Monosolenium is inhabited by colonies, it is easy to damage, because the leaves are very fragile.

It is the most unpretentious of all. Characteristics of water, its temperature and lighting do not matter. Another advantage is that it does not eat any species of fish.

The only negative – it must be tied to the substrate. This plant can exist above water, so it can be used in terrariums.

These are the most common types of mosses in aquariums, the content of which does not require much effort. But there are not so popular, but no less beautiful decorative species.

These plants are not very common among aquarists because of the characteristics of cultivation. But their content makes the aquarium design unique, because they have an unusual and beautiful look.

The most common exotic mosses species:

  1. Key (fontinalis). It is a branching stalk, on which there are many triangular leaflets. It grows up to 25 cm and serves as an excellent decoration of large aquariums. The main problem of breeding it is seasonality: the water temperature in the summer should not exceed 25−27 ° C, and in the winter – 5−8 ° C, because in this period Fontinalis needs peace. In aquariums, the temperature in winter decreases by only a few degrees, and therefore, fontinalis does not live at home for more than a year. Propagated by division, very picky about cleanliness, so you need to remove pollution often. Lighting should be moderate. In the aquarium with the fountainin, it is possible to inhabit viviparous and charocin fish. But large, and even more so – digging the ground, are not suitable for the neighborhood with this species.
  2. Christmas. It got its name because of the hanging branches, which, overlapping each other, look like branches of Christmas trees. Hanging down, the leaves form a variety of beautiful weave. This feature is used by aquarists, creating unique landscapes. This kind of conditions does not require special conditions, but with a low level of illumination, the absence of carbon dioxide, and rare water changes, it becomes not very fluffy. If you lower the water temperature below 22 ° C, the Christmas moss can stop growing.
  3. Flame. One of the most original bryophytes. It is very dense and grows only up. Its leaves are twisted, and the branches are wavy, which makes it look like flames. It is also distinguished by a darker than in other species color. This moss is unpretentious in content. It does not matter the parameters of water and lighting. The flame mainly grows on horizontal surfaces and is used to create “forest” landscapes.
  4. Weeping. This species is a branch hanging down like a weeping willow. It is compact, dense and does not require frequent haircuts. Weeping moss grows 1–3 cm in length, and the drop-down style is used on the snags to create “trees” in the aquarium. It can be grown for landscape decoration in small-sized aquariums. The type is unpretentious in leaving, but the ratio of lighting and quantity of nutrients is important. If not, then algae may appear, and they will need to be removed manually.
  5. Cameroon. It has rounded leaves and looks like a fern. Its name means that it was brought from Cameroon. This species is one of the rarest. It grows very slowly, only up to 10 cm in length. It has dark green, sometimes transparent leaves. Keep it easy. The best habitat for it is soft water with an average level of illumination. Most beautiful this moss looks on snags and stones, and its dense thickets are great for sheltering small fish.
  6. Singapore. A common form, which is often found on sale. It is a creeping moss with flattened oval leaves. This species is very durable, suitable for aquariums of small sizes, but with good lighting it grows quickly and requires frequent grooming. It is also suitable for the formation of a carpet at the bottom of the aquarium.

All these types of plants fit into the already existing landscape with different plants, and allow you to create excellent compositions of the same species.

It is very laborious, especially if you use decorative or delicate species. All plants that cling well to the surface can be tied with threads.

Mosses that are poorly attached to the bottom or to the interior decorations (kings, stones) are best tied with a line, since the threads in the water will rot.

All mosses can be attached using superglue. Especially it helps when you need to attach the moss in a non-standard place or create an original composition, although here you need to know the special subtleties so as not to poison the fish.

When working on decorating, periodically sprinkle moss with water.

These magnificent plants will decorate any aquarium. It is important to follow the rules of their content, and they will please the observer for a long time.

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