Vesicualia (Vesicularia dubyana) or, as it is called, Moss javanese – aquarium plant of the Gipnov family (Nurpaseae).
Moss javanese – native of Southeast Asia. Its thickets can be found in the humid jungles of India, Malaysia, the Philippines, Java Island and the Sunda Islands.
In nature, the plant grows in small non-drying ponds with relatively clear water and a weak current, where it settles at shallow depths near the shores, forming emerald dense thickets on flooded stumps, snags, stones and fallen trees.
Defending themselves from the scorching rays of the tropical sun, usually java moss settles in the dense shade of coastal vegetation. Attaching to the roots of coastal trees, the plant rises on their trunks, and if the earth has sufficient moisture, it can cover large areas of the coastal zone.
Moss javanese, being practically the only representative of the Hypnous mosses, due to its decorative effect and unpretentiousness, it has received undoubted recognition among the sophisticated admirers of the underwater flora and among the novice beginners only. Simplicity has played a huge role in this. content and breeding This plant, as well as its high decorative qualities.
Dark green splices moss javanese can be used as a substrate for spawning aquarium fish or as an elegant decor of the most exquisite aquarium compositions. Although weightquality and is a common aquatic plant, but not every aquarist can properly use it for decorating aquarium.
Moss javanese It looks great in the compositions, located on a large fragment of a flowerpot, stone or snags. Its surprisingly attractive thickets form a magnificent emerald carpet, noticeably enlivening the overall picture. aquarium.
Especially chic weightquality looks small aquariums, decorating small decorative elements located in its corners: a coconut shell, a filter tube hidden in its bush, etc.
Moss javanese has a feathery structure typical of Hypniferous moss. Vesicualia It belongs to perennial monoecious mosses and forms thickets of dark green pillows in its aquariums with its dense and loose foliage.
The moss has a branched soft stem, which can grow up to 17 cm in length. The stem can be unbranched or form many side shoots.
On the lower part of the stem reddish-brown rhizoids are formed – filiform root processes. The leaves of the plant are asymmetric, erect, slightly hollow, arranged on the stems in a circle.
The leaf plates of the vesicularia are very changeable in appearance and can be oblong or lanceolate with long or short tips, serrated along the edges.
Moss javanese rather unpretentious aquatic plant, therefore it endures without any particular complications any conditions: good and poor lighting, soft or hard water with an acidic or alkaline environment. Can also live in aquariums slightly brackish water.
Vesicualia perfectly tolerates water temperature from 15 ° to 30 ° C. When the water temperature in the aquarium + 24 ° C java moss acquires a luxurious appearance and, taking an active part the circulation of substances and gas exchange in aquarium becomes a very useful plant.
The only thing you need to fear is the defeat of the stems and leaves of the plant with simple algae. If the algae grow strongly on the tender leaves of the vesicularia, then a piece of moss with parasitic algae should be removed, otherwise they are the simplest algae can destroy the whole bush of javanese moss. Besides, java moss in aquarium can become a “collection” of dirt, but it can be easily “washed”.
If the moss is not washed from the mud suspensions, the dirt clogs the small pores of the leaves of the moss and the plant simply suffocates without getting gas exchange in the leaves. Vesicualia it is easily attached by small rhizoids to any surface and for fastening the plant to the site where it should grow, if desired by an aquarist, it is advisable to use a fishing line, which it is desirable to remove.
If the plants grow too actively, then it must be cut.
Moss javanese in conditions aquarium breeds mainly vegetative way. Breeding carry out separation from the bush overgrown parts, however, you should try as little as possible to injure the bush vesikulyarii.