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Moss in the aquarium: species, conditions for breeding, benefits

Aquarium ornamental mosses – the inhabitants of the vast vegetable kingdom.

They differ significantly from lichens and algae by some factors:

  • they have a shoot, leaves;
  • reproductive organs are present;
  • with the right cycle, they can develop in 2 morphological generations: sporophyte, gametophyte.

There are also distinctive features of mosses, relative to higher plants:

  • in mosses, the sprofit is attached to the gametophyte;
  • no root system.

Moss in the aquarium

  1. They are easy to maintain, as they can adapt to a very wide range of conditions.
  2. Mosses are unpretentious: they do not need either bright light or fertilizer, and they absorb minerals from the whole surface of water.
  3. They grow rather slowly, thanks to which the compositions and lawns created from them remain in their original form longer.
  4. They give the pond a natural look.
  5. They can be used in aquariums of any capacity.
  6. Mosses can be moved from place to place along with the substrate, as they do not take root in the soil.
  7. Due to the multiplication of spores falling right there, new specimens grow on the place of the dead. This also contributes to the long-term preservation of the appearance of the compositions of their moss.
  8. They are the ideal substrate for spawning and shelter for fry.

These breeding conditions are mandatory regardless of which species are used for decoration, mosses require approximately the same temperature conditions.

  • The ideal temperature for keeping the composition created from spore plants is from 20 to 25 ° C.
  • Nitrates and phosphates are important to add only when absolutely necessary.
  • In the aquarium to monitor the cleanliness inside and periodically remove all accumulated debris.
  • When growing plants, new twigs must be removed, otherwise the moss grown on them will contribute to the death of the lower branches.
  • Aquarium soil should be, as it plays an important role for all plants and inhabitants, as well as mosses, being a “natural filter” that cannot be replaced by anything.

Without soil, all processes of beneficial bacteria will be minimized, as a result of which oxygen will lose the processed waste products in the proper amount. Since moss eats from the products of the environment, for the existence of the soil is also important.

Mosses come in three classes. Experts conducted a series of studies that helped assign them a classification:

  • Anthocerotic. These mosses have earned their name, thanks to the presence of plate thallus. Their origin began in places with a slightly hot climate and in the tropics;
  • Liverwists. Externally, look tender and small. Most often used in aquaria floating Riccia. Previously, only Javanese moss and fontinalis were used for breeding in domestic aquariums (besides riccia). They were planted in places throwing eggs;
  • Leafy. The class has the largest number of plants, so it is divided into 3 subspecies:
  1. Briev.
  2. Sphagous.
  3. Andreev.

Over the years, scientists have discovered many more species of aquarium mosses that can survive in an aquarium and become a beautiful decoration.

Experts use different types of spore plants to decorate a beautiful landscape. Mosses differ from each other in size, leaves, their properties and habitat; therefore, choosing a particular species is important to know the characteristics of each.

Consider their description, and what aquarium mosses are used most often.

In aquariums bred most often Riccia, if we consider all species, then these mosses are the most unpretentious in their care. It has no leaves and stalk.

Riccia will live in the role of an underwater plant, as a soil culture in a terrarium, as a place for spawning fish, a refuge for fry. It improves the microenvironment, affecting the circulation of substances. Growing in a reservoir, forms a carpet more than a centimeter thick.

If the green color of the plant is replaced by red, then the conditions become unfavorable.

Riccia floating

Best conditions:

  • medium temperature from 22 to 28 ° C;
  • water should be Ph neutral and soft;
  • bright illumination with fluorescent lamps required;
  • the green mass must be partially removed in order to prevent a large increase;
  • in order to avoid undesirable growth, it is recommended to place Riccia in a floating contour.

Phoenix is ​​widely inhabited in its natural environment, has a beautiful appearance: small size and fluffiness, so this green ball is often put to the forefront during registration. It lands on a substrate, to which it is quickly attached, however, it grows slowly. The appendix can easily be attached to any place, on a grid or snag.

For active growth of the phoenix requires additional light. The remaining conditions of the content are simple, he does not need additional feeding, he extracts all the necessary substances independently.

When decorating their space, it should be borne in mind that the plant grows upwards, and thickets can be laid out on the bottom for spawning purposes.

Moss phoenix

Best conditions:

  • favorable temperature from 23 to 28 ° C;
  • does not require water of a certain hardness;
  • it is necessary to keep the purity of aqua, periodically replacing from 30 to 50%;
  • in order to provoke active growth, additional lighting and feeding are needed.

The Javanese appearance is very beautiful in appearance, so decorator decorators often use it. It has long shoots and processes on the side, narrow flattened leaves.

Like the phoenix, it grows vertically, so it is recommended to use for the background or wall.

Java moss

  • special lighting is not required;
  • does not require special temperature conditions;
  • neutral acidity is recommended;
  • does not require fertilizing;
  • To the substrate is poorly attached, so in order to avoid floating, it must be tied.

Ricardia belongs to the liver class, can live in any environment. The plant is creeping in order to form a beautiful bush it needs to be cut.

Also, a haircut is needed to prevent rotting of the lower layers, which can lead to the death of the entire plant.


Favorable conditions:

  • temperature from 21 to 24 ° C;
  • the light should be bright, additional lighting is recommended;
  • water is suitable with any characteristics;
  • there should be a filter in the aquarium, otherwise ricardia, like a sponge, will absorb all the harmful substances;
  • grows to any substrate, however, initially it needs to be attached with threads, then the plant itself will attach to the surface;
  • It is recommended that additional carbon dioxide be introduced into the water.

Monoselenium refers to the hepatic form, has a flat shape in the form of a leaf, there is a colony. The plant is gentle, so it is easy to damage. In terms of content is absolutely not whimsical.

Temperature, lighting and water characteristics are not important. To the plant does not float, requires attachment to the substrate.

It can be grown above water, so it is used for a wet terrarium, but in this case the spore plant will change color. The advantage of monoselenium is that they do not eat fish.

The best place to decorate an aquarium is foreground.


In order to conceive an idea of ​​decorating an aquarium with the help of moss was 100% successful, you must remember that the temperature of the aquatic environment is best kept in the range of 19-25 degrees. Also, do not forget about the control, as nitrates and phosphates and add them only if necessary.

In addition, special attention should be paid to regular cleaning of the accumulated debris from the aquarium. So that beautiful green lawns or other compositions continue to delight their owner, it is necessary to periodically remove the grown twigs.

If this is not done, then the growing moss will shade the branches located below, which will lead to their death.

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