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Java moss in the aquarium: keeping and breeding (landing)

Java moss is a plant that looks like an interlacing of thin branching stems. These stems are covered with small green leaves 1-2 mm in size. Thanks to the numerous small rhizoids that are not visible to the naked eye, Javanese moss can attach to almost any surface.

In height, the adult plant does not exceed 5 cm from the place of attachment.

In terms of content, Javanese moss does not require special care; it grows at a water temperature of 18–30 ° C, feels great in the pH range of 6–7.5, water hardness is dKH 2–15 °, and it also withstands low salinity. It is rather not exacting to lighting, maintains long shading at which other plants perish, grows at illumination by luminescent lamps in an aquarium from 0.15-0.2 watts / liter.

If Javanese moss specifically provides unfavorable conditions for life – then it will react to them only by slowing down the growth, but if it enters a favorable environment, it will begin to grow again in full force.

Java moss is very popular among aquarists as it is a fairly unpretentious plant and with the help of it you can beautifully decorate an aquarium if you attach it to decorations. Most often, Javanese moss is attached to the stones and snags. First, Javanese moss is very thin layer, avoiding lumps, put on a stone or snag, while it must be tightly tied with a thin line or cotton thread.

The most correct is the option with a thread, because after a while it does not have to be cut and pulled out, the thread will simply rot in the aquarium and decompose. Within a few weeks the rhizoids of the plant will begin to actively develop and grow into the scenery, the plant will stretch along it, the bald spots will disappear. After that, the plant will increase the thickness, the shoots will go upward, as if forming additional layers.

And finally, when the plant is well fixed on the scenery, it will grow around it and gain strength – it will let the vertical shoots upward.

The method described above can attach Javanese moss to absolutely any object in the aquarium: to coconut, to a large-mesh plastic mesh. The option with a plastic mesh has recently become quite popular, because with it you can decorate the walls of the aquarium and the bottom.

In order to decorate the back wall of the aquarium with Javanese moss, it is necessary to spread it with a thin layer on the grid and press it to the wall of the aquarium. In a similar way, you can decorate the bottom of the aquarium, only this time the Javanese is clamped not between the grid and the glass, but between two pieces of the grid, while its edges must be sewn.

The density of Java moss is significantly higher than the density of water, so it does not have the ability to float to the surface, even if it is poorly fixed.

In addition to its decorative use, Javanese moss is also useful for lovers of breeding fish. The fact is that this plant is one of the favorite substrates for the laying of caviar by various species of fish.

In aquariums where Javanese moss is present in abundance, numerous spawning of the inhabitants often occur. The fact is that under normal conditions, caviar is immediately eaten by neighboring fish, but in the presence of Javanese moss, part of the caviar remains in it.

When fry are born, they will also hide for a long time in dense thickets of Javanese moss, fleeing from their hungry and dangerous relatives.

Fish like Javanese moss, and due to the high oxygen saturation in its thickets and the appearance of ciliates, fry develop quickly. If there are fish in your tank that love to spawn in Javanese moss, you should check it periodically, it is likely that sooner or later it will be filled with fertilized eggs, then it along with the eggs should be transferred to the spawn, where the eggs and then the fry will continue development.

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