This is a common ornamental aquarium plant. The tropics of Southeast Asia and Malaysia are considered the birthplace of Javanese moss.
The name was due to the fact that it was introduced to Europe from the island of Java. Briophyte (another name for mosses) grows on different surfaces, it looks beautiful on stones, on snags and on the walls of an aquarium.
This is a representative of the family Hypnova bryophytes. It quickly grows and serves in the aquarium as a shelter for fish and their food.
This aquarium plant is a bundle of interlaced branching stems, which are densely covered with small leaves. Stem length about 17 cm.
It is soft and branched. Sheet size does not exceed 4 mm. They grow on a stalk opposite each other.
Young leaves are painted in light green color. Old sheets are distinguished by a darker, green color.
The base of a Javanese has many rhizoids with which it is attached to hard surfaces. Rhizoids play the role of the root system.
Briophyte grows in a vertical as well as in a horizontal position.
Aquarists use it not only as a decorative ornament. Thickets of Javanese moss are a good substrate for spawning many species of aquarium fish.
Thanks to its bast-like form, a Javanese becomes a shelter for eggs. Caviar falls between stems, and it is harder for adult fish to find and eat. Fry get a chance to hatch, and continue their development.
In the moss there are many ciliates, which are the main food for the juvenile fry. Java moss is a natural filter.
It purifies water from impurities and other debris.
It is necessary to keep Javanese moss at a water temperature of 25-30 degrees. At temperatures below +20, the bryophyte gradually ceases to grow, and after a while it dies. Water hardness is 5–8 pH.
The plant behaves well in both hard and soft water. During the treatment of fish aquarists slightly salt some water.
Salt water does not have a negative effect on javanese.
An important factor is the transparency of the water. In the muddy water on the moss accumulates plaque. This disrupts its nutrition and appearance.
Javanese moss like a small flow. It is necessary to closely monitor the moss, as the plant grows rapidly, and can clog the holes of the aquarium filter.
But do not forget to change the water in a timely manner.
Lighting should be average. Low light levels reduce javanese growth rate.
Monitor the state of the plant and clean it from the waste products of fish and food residues every few days. If this is not done, the pores of the plant are clogged and it cannot breathe. When the stems have grown heavily, they can be cut a little.
In addition, pruning the tips of the stem provokes the plant to intensive growth.
Ground for javanese moss does not matter. It thrives well on snags and stones.
In addition to the decoration of the aquarium, the plant is an excellent food for fish, but fertilizer would be very useful for stable growth of moss.
Lack of trace elements can affect the color of the stems. They become unhealthy yellow. It is important not to overdo it with fertilizer, as its surplus provokes the growth of algae.
Lack of nutrition adversely affects the growth and appearance of the Javanese, as the plant may turn black in a week. In this case, it is necessary to increase the concentration of CO2 and nitrogen in the aquarium water.
Neocaridin and caridin shrimps are used to maintain the healthy appearance of the plant. They constantly move on the surface of the moss, removing from it the remnants of food and settled debris.
Proper design of the aquarium helps to achieve a stunning visual effect. Javan can decorate the back wall of the aquarium.
- This will require measuring the area of the wall.
- Then you need to choose a plastic mesh of the same size. Rinse the mesh thoroughly with water before use.
- Java moss is attached to the entire area of the grid with a synthetic thread or thin fishing line.
- At all corners of the grid are placed suckers, with which it is mounted on the wall of the aquarium.
- The net is gently lowered into the water, and is attached to the wall of the aquarium with suction cups.
Although often the back wall of the aquarium is chosen for decoration, any wall can be decorated with moss by placing it under a tightly fixed net.
For the second method of decoration you will need a coconut.
- It is necessary to break off the top of the nut, and pour out the coconut juice.
- Divide the coconut into two parts, and clean each of them from the pulp.
- Next, boil the cleaned half in boiling water for half an hour.
- Allow the coconut to cool and drill several holes in the shell with a drill.
- Secure the javanese with a synthetic thread or fishing line and place the half in the aquarium.
Coconut will be not only an excellent element of the decor of the aquarium, but also home to fish!
Breeding Javan moss does not require special knowledge and adaptations. It reproduces by dividing the bush. It is required to tear off a small piece of moss and fix it in a new place.
After some time, the same dense green beam is formed at the site of the stall. In an adult mother bush, you can even tear off a few twigs and use them for planting.
It is possible to replant a plant on stones and plastic pipes.
Java moss grows quickly, so when planting it must be attached over the entire area of the bottom of the aquarium. This will create a visual effect, and thanks to the plant, the bottom will look lush and beautiful.
The plant can be mounted on snags and even the ground. In the presence of soil pieces Javanese can simply put on the bottom of the aquarium. It is recommended to place the plant on the decoration in a thin layer.
It is necessary to avoid the imposition of stalks on each other.
Fastening a plant to a new place is carried out with a fishing line or threads. After fixing the twigs grow small brown roots.
With their help, the bryophyte grows to the installed surface. If the sprout is firmly attached to the bark, the line is removed. To quickly plant attached shoots, you will need to increase the level of light.
During rooting, moss needs good lighting for intensive growth.
Landing in some cases occurs without the participation of an aquarist. When moss reaches the upper layer of water, spores multiply.
Spores form on the stalks, and as they mature, they fall into the water, forming a protonema. Later, a new plant appears from it.
The method is valid only in the presence of calm water. In the general aquarium this happens rarely, as this is prevented by the flow and the fish.
Javanese moss in the aquarium serves in several roles. It becomes food, shelter for fish, as well as an element of decor. It is convenient to transfer not yet hatched offspring to another aquarium.
You just need to tear off a piece of moss on which the eggs are located. With proper care, the Javanese bush will eventually grow and create a unique look for the aquarium!