Indian fern water (Ceratopteris thalictro Growing area
Indian fern water widespread throughout the world. You can meet him in Northern Australia, Southeast Asia, Florida, Tanzania, Central and South America.
By popularity content and breeding in artificial conditions Indian fern occupies one of the first places. The leaves of this plant are finely cut bright green. Under comfortable conditions, the plant reaches a height of 50 cm.
Have Indian fern around the perimeter or in the background aquarium.
For content Indian water fern fit tropical aquarium, in which the water temperature is 22-26 ° C. With a decrease in temperature, the development of the plant slows down and the leaves shrink.
For water in aquarium Observance of such requirements is obligatory: hardness of water is up to 6 °, the reaction is neutral or slightly acid. In hard alkaline water, the plant quickly degrades. In the periodic water change Indian fern does not need, feels comfortable in the old water, saturated with humic acids.
For fern content you need a powerful enough natural or artificial lighting. To create the latter, fluorescent or incandescent lamps are needed.
The power of the first is calculated as follows: per 1 liter of volume 0.4-0.5 watts. In the second case, the lamp power is two to three times greater than that of the luminescent one. Light day at the fern is about 12 hours.
The plant has a well-developed root system, however, the roots are fragile and tender. Therefore, the ground should be silted, coarse sand is most suitable as a substrate.
Lay the soil with a layer thickness of 4-5 cm. Indian fern It is very sensitive to the content of nitrites and nitrates in water, therefore, it is not necessary to additionally feed.
All necessary substances fern gets out of the water and the ground.
Indian fern water propagated with the help of daughter plants. After the buds of the roots and a few leaves are formed on the leaves of the mother bush, the subsidiary plant separates and rises to the surface of the water, and continues to grow as a plant, floating in the water column.
In addition, the plant can be planted in the ground.