Главная 7 Aquarium Plants 7 Hydrocotila tripartite (tripartite thyroid, hydrocotyle tripartite): maintenance of aquarium plants, photos, care

Hydrocotila tripartite (tripartite thyroid, hydrocotyle tripartite): maintenance of aquarium plants, photos, care

Hydrocotile tripartite – a plant beloved by aquarists for their brightness and unpretentiousness. Its use for the aquarium is low, mainly the leaf is used for decorative purposes, especially when using aquascape.

The thyplate is a tripartite hydrocotyle tripartite – a plant of the genus Cyclopolistus, the Araliaceae family. This is a low herbaceous perennial plant that lives in rivers and lakes of Asia.

The species was first discovered in Japanese waters thousands of years ago.

The genus Shchitolistnikov has more than 90 open species. The hydrocoyl plant tripartite itself has no selection forms.

The closest are considered vertical hydrocortyl and white-headed hydrocothyl.

The drycotyle tripartite is a low-creeping plant with thick, small leaves. It grows in the soil, but in some cases lives without fortification to the ground.

Hydrocotile tripartite consists of whisker stems, at the end of each of which are whorls. 2-3 leafs with a diameter of 3-5 cm grow from a whorl.

The leaves are divided into 3 lobes than resemble a large clover. Hydrocotile in height grows no more than 10 cm.

In conditions favorable for growth, the leaves of hydrocoty tripartite turn bright green. In aquarium conditions rarely blooms.

But if it blooms, small dense inflorescences of pale yellow-white color appear on whorls.

The plant is considered to be perennial, so depending on the care, it will live 4–10 years.

Hydrocotila tripartite – unpretentious plant. Whiskers with leaves quickly grow and over time occupy the entire free space of the bottom.

To prevent this, monthly cut off the excess shoots and, if necessary, shape it.

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When the thyroid content is maintained, the water is replaced 2–3 times a month by one third of the volume of the aquarium, since hydrocidyl will not grow in polluted water.

Hydrocotile tripartite grows better when clay pieces and charcoal are added to the soil.

The optimal temperature for the maintenance of hydrocopy tripartite is 22–26 degrees, but they also live at temperatures from 20 to 30 degrees.

The water is preferably soft — 1-7 dGH.

Low acidity —6.6-7.0 PH.

Hydrocotile tripartite not demanding to the size of the aquarium, gets on in small quantities and large tanks.

The roots of the thyroid are tender, so a large soil with sharp edges will easily damage them. More suitable for planting sand with small granules or fine smooth pebbles.

The brightness of the color of the leaves and the healthy appearance of the leaf thistle depend on the lighting. Hydrocotile tripartite should receive light 8–9 hours per day with a brightness of 0.5-1.5 W / l.

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For life, the thyroid needs carbon dioxide in the water. Its concentration is 8-10 mg / l.

If the hydrocortyl tripartite is contained with aquatic inhabitants, then the carbon dioxide emitted by them is enough, and the aquarium is not equipped with aeration devices.

Hydrocotile does not tolerate contamination of the aquarium, especially plaque on its leaves, so get a powerful filter to clean the water. This will keep the plant healthy and tidy.

The thyme grows quickly and takes away all minerals from the water, therefore, 3-4 times a month, the water is enriched with mineral supplements and liquid fertilizers.

When planting a thyroid leaf it is not necessary to dig it in the soil, it is enough to distribute the bush at the bottom and the plant will sprout into the soil itself. If you do not want the vegetation to take root, then leave the thyroid in the water column.

Hydrocotila is not poisonous greens, so it is safely planted in an aquarium with fish and other inhabitants. Do not combine with tall leaves with tall leaves with wide leaves, because the hydrocoyle will not have enough light and its color will fade.

A thyme leaf itself is capable of blocking light with stunted greens. Best for co-planting vegetation of medium height:

  • Ammania is Senegalese.
  • Atonogeton curly.
  • Cabomba ordinary.
  • Cryptocoryne Hertel.
  • Hornlike fern.

Herbivorous fish eat tender leaves of hydroparty tripartite and interfere with growth. Most compatible with neutral fish and other inhabitants:

  • Shrimp
  • Barbusy (small).
  • Botsii.
  • Angelfish.
  • Labeo.
  • Mollies
  • Predatory fish.

Incompatible with thyroid:

  • Goldfish.
  • Tetragonopterus
  • Cichlids
  • Soma.
  • Characteristic.

Hydrocotila tripartite is a rather tender plant and, with inadequate care, is subject to diseases.

  • Leaky leaves. On the healthy leaves, the affected areas and holes appear, after the sheet completely dries out. The reason is a lack of mineral elements, most often potassium, phosphorus.
  • Withering. The thyroid loses its healthy appearance, withers, the leaves are lowered. The reason – the wrong chemical composition of water.
  • White bloom. A whitish layer appears on the leaves. The reason – the lack of carbon dioxide, which leads to sedimentation of lime.
  • Color change. The leaves change color from bright green to reddish or yellowish. The reason – the lack of nitrogen and sulfur in the water. If only the edges of the leaves turn yellow – a lack of calcium.

With good care it grows quickly and is able to take over the whole bottom of the aquarium. For reproduction and transplantation in the shrub cut side shoots and transplant them to another location.

There is a way without replanting – separate the side shoot and bury its middle part in the soil, and leave the end free. After some time, the shoot will germinate.

Hydrocotile tripartite – almost universal plant when decorating an aquarium. With its help, various designs are created.

Ways to use thyroid:

  • The decor of stones, snags.
  • Creating an island on the surface.
  • Vegetation spreading along the bottom.
  • Imitation of moss.

Acquired hydrocotyl tripartite in pet stores or online stores. The cost depends on the size of the hydrocotyl tripartite.

The sizeCost, rub
Landing stalks90
Young leafless plant150
Expanded plant180–200




Hydrocotile tripartite – a good choice for decorating an aquarium or when practicing aquascape. This grass will decorate any aquarium with its bright green leaves, and simple care makes the thyrist even more popular among aquarists.

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