How to give the aquarium natural freshness, emerald coolness, aesthetic originality? Aquarium plants will come to the rescue – they are so different and at the same time so similar.
Some of them – with bright large leaves, others – with the smallest needle-shaped branches. But each individual needs a certain microclimate, a light regime, and water with favorable characteristics.
Today, statements about the uselessness of living vegetation in a home aquarium are increasingly heard: it is difficult to care for it, fish often damage it, an overgrown root system interferes with soil self-cleaning, whims for lighting require additional devices. Moreover, artificial analogs are produced today from soft elastic materials of various colors, and are safe for fish and shellfish.
But living aquarium plants have the unique energy that is inherent only in biological specimens. If he is comfortable, it grows well, multiplies rapidly, enriches water with oxygen, and serves as a favorable environment for fish.
Aquarium plants, floating on the surface of the water, often bloom, decorating the entire artificially created water landscape.
Ground cover aquarium plants cover the ground with a soft, silky carpet, prevent traumatization of fish on the sharp edges of the ground, help many species of fish to maintain their breeding reflexes.
Aquarium plants in the background create the overall design character of a water house, giving it a resemblance to the natural seabed and an atmosphere of artificial abandonment. Even the round shape of the aquarium will do.
Foreground aquarium plants are designed to create softness and comfort. They should not be conspicuous by their size and brightness. It distracts from the fish world, its mysterious inhabitants.
An example is the mosses of Java or Willow, hygrophil.
Balls floating in the water column or on its surface (for example, a cladophora) especially effectively purify water and enrich it with oxygen. In addition, they are not difficult to grow, so it is – a dream aquarists.
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Before planting aquarium plants, it is necessary to become familiar with their biological characteristics:
- what water is preferred (by hardness, pH, temperature);
- tropism to light;
- preference for mobility of water;
- soil composition;
- adjacent vegetation and other.
For example, hard-leaved plants (echinodorus, microsporium, lemongrass) need nutritious soil, and, although they grow slowly, are an indispensable element of the aquarium in which large fish live.
Long-stemmed aquarium plants fully manifest their properties in the high water column. They reach for the surface, covering it from above with large and dense leaves.
An example of this is cryptocorynes – not demanding care types that are popular among beginners and are not forgotten by experienced aquarists.
Soft and fast-growing near-bottom options (acupuncture needle) are usually demanding of lighting. With its sufficient intensity, they look smooth and soft, ideal for cichlids, but do not like hard and cold water.
This option of vegetation needs frequent mechanical cleaning, removal of food debris deposited on the grass and giving impetus to its rotting.
Fashionable today way to care for the plant world is an option when aquarium plants in pots and placed on the bottom. This option is especially often used when they master rare species of vegetation that grow slowly, they are almost not eaten by fish.
In pots easier to fertilize and feed.
Often, the soil is practically not placed in pots – they serve only to secure the individual at the bottom. Such species can absorb oxygen from water and are called hydrophytes (richia, azolla, pistia).
The novelties of aquarium hobby are interesting – meristem aquarium plants. This is the result of the latest scientific developments, a culture grown by microdislocation on sterile nutrient media. They grow in size slowly and only after some time acquire a complete external resemblance to the natural counterparts.
In the collection of aquarium rarities “Akvaritet” collected a whole collection of such options.
Knowing how to grow aquarium plants, you can competently proceed to their placement. Shade-loving ferns will require the allocation of a secluded place, excluding the ingress of direct light.
In such conditions, they grow rapidly and multiply well.
Anubias aquatic plants are the exact opposite. In the water they grow, but they like to place their leaves above its surface. Care is easy:
- water hardness and acidity are unimportant
- prefers its purity and intensive enrichment with oxygen;
- grow poorly with an excess of organic matter and deposition of it on wide sheet plates.
Medium-sized aquarium plants (for example, Marsilia, Lemongrass) will be a worthy adornment of snags, grottos and stones. The original shape of the leaves is harmoniously combined with the color of the tree and light stone soil. The second representative of the plant is the average plan Anubias nana.
To improve growth, potassium compounds can be added to the top layer of the soil or treated with potassium permanganate.
The aquatic realm of exotic style will adequately decorate the aquarium lemongrass. The essence of the name reflects the properties of individuals.
Such individuals do not grow in hard water, do not like the cold, and feel uncomfortable if the lighting duration is less than 12 hours a day. Before planting, the aquarium and the ground must be disinfected using water-based products that are safe for fish.
In order for the lemongrass plant to grow healthy and beautiful, it is worth raising it, considering the most stringent requirements. Fertilizers can be applied carefully and infrequently, grown specimens are very sensitive to changes in water parameters.
Aquarium plants of unpretentious nature are especially often planted by novice amateurs. Why do many people choose moss? Because its cultivation is permissible in hard water, it is a shade-tolerant version of the living plant landscape, which is easy to feed and disinfect.
Moss options are hardy aquarium plants that are able to delight the eye of the owners of the aquarium, ideal for fish.
A particular difficulty is aquarium plants floating in the water column. They:
- close the light to the inhabitants of the lower layers;
- often impede the rapid movement of fish;
- are the collection site of the deposited unused feed.
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