The hornberry is one of the most common plants that are used in aquarism. Its popularity is due to a number of advantages over other aquatic plants, as well as unpretentious care and ease of reproduction.
We offer you to get to know each other more closely with a rodent leaf and to learn about the nuances of its content in an aquarium.
The Hornpaw is a rootless plant. It floats freely in the water column or is fixed by stem processes (rhizoids) for snags and stones at the bottom.
Rhizoids are painted in a whitish or light green shade and are also covered with dissected foliage. In silt, they absorb nutrients and are fixed.
Thin winding stems are located in the water and can rise above its surface. Under favorable conditions, they grow quickly enough.
In just a month, the stems can lengthen by 1 m. The transport function inside the shoot is almost atrophied, so the food is provided by each individual cell on the surface of the plant.
The sedentary dissected leaflets are divided into narrow filamentous plates. From a distance they resemble a spruce branch. The color of the foliage is bright green or brown-green.
The leaves grow in whorls. The lobes are widened at the base, their length reaches 4 cm, and the width is 0.5 mm.
With multiple magnification at the edges of the leaves can be distinguished fine teeth. Stems and foliage are quite tough, as they accumulate lime.
At any carelessness they break. The surface of the whole plant is covered with a cuticle – a fat-like film that serves as a barrier between water and a leaf set.
Flowers bloom right in the water. Small bezpestkovye corollas up to 2 mm in length are collected in loose panicles. They are fixed in the internode on a short peduncle.
Pollinated flowers right in the water. After that, small nuts, covered with styloid growths, mature.
There are about 30 species of aquarium hornpole.
Plants vary in color, shape and location of the leaves, but in general, all species are similar to a bushy structure and frequent arrangement of leaves on the stem.
The most common types include:
- The hornberry is dark green. Differs in dark leaves, while most species of this genus have a light green tint.
- Hornpaw is light green. It is the most common aquarium species. When light rays enter the thickets of plants, the leaves become a delicate lime shade.
- Cuban Cuban. This species has special decorative properties: fluffy foliage, brown stem.
- Hornpaw Mexican. It is one of the most unpretentious species of this kind of underwater plants.
The hornberry has several advantages over other aquatic cultures:
- He is unassuming in leaving.
- Easily propagated.
- It cleans the aquarium water, retaining the remnants of food and algae on the leaves, thereby preventing them from settling at the bottom.
- It is consumed by many species of fish, especially goldfish, mollies, veils, and scalar fishes.
- It forms dense thickets that become a natural habitat for fry, snails, small fish, and also a breeding ground.
- Perfectly saturates water with oxygen, therefore, when grown in small aquariums, it eliminates the need for an aerator.
- Suitable for all types of aquariums and combines well with other aquatic plants.
- It is good at growing only neglected aquariums – it prevents the active reproduction of algae that feed on organic substances necessary for the life of aquarium inhabitants.
- Under favorable growth conditions, it grows and multiplies rapidly.
If in the natural environment the rodent-leaf loves shaded places, then in the aquarium it requires additional artificial lighting (at least 12 hours a day). A slightly alkaline and mild aqueous medium is ideal. For healthy growth requires a temperature of 16 to 28 degrees.
In such conditions, the leaves of this species will have a healthy dark green color, and the stems will be beautiful and lush.
Usually a pinhole is dripped into the ground from the back wall. However, this plant has no roots and can easily float on the surface, forming green islets.
As for breeding methods, the easiest can be used for a rodent leaf – it is grafting. To do this, take a stalk and divide it into small segments 10-15 cm long.
Then the cuttings should be planted in the ground, and after two or three days you will see new branches from the main stem.
It should be noted that when all the required conditions are met, a rodent leaf in an artificial environment grows even better than in nature. In addition, it can reach a length of 1 m per month.
Whatever one may say, the beauty of the aquarium landscape largely depends on the time spent by the aquarist. Grass for aquarium dove does not need to create special conditions, but the accuracy and brightness of greenery will please only with the right care:
- aquarium plants of this type need nitrates, their level will affect the state of the green, but almost always it is not necessary to saturate the water with additional nitrates;
- the duration of the daylight will give the greenness of the brightness, but direct light fluxes are detrimental to the aquarium plant;
- the leaves taste bitter, therefore, the inhabitants of the aquarium rarely eat the stems, algae of this species are compatible with almost all plants and fish;
- active growth and succulent greens are observed at a temperature of 20-24 ° C.
Plants that do not require the active participation of the aquarist can sometimes be quite capricious. The plant hatchling quite successfully greened the entire aquarium, and then simply turned yellow or threw off the foliage.
Such cases are not uncommon. Poor growth is observed due to several reasons:
- too different parameters of water in the new aquarium after transplantation;
- during transportation algae overcooled;
- low nitrate levels;
- at night, the level of oxygen in the water drops dramatically.
A hornberry is a resistant aquarium species and is rarely exposed to diseases. If tender leaves are exposed to aggressive lighting and yellowing, carefully cut off the damaged shoots. When an aquarium is infected, the spike must, like other aquarium species, should be thoroughly rinsed under running water and deposited in a separate tank until the end of the aquarium disinfection.
Fungal plaque is washed off the plant with a stream of running water, then the stalks are disinfected with a light disinfectant solution.
Thus, the hornfoot is the most universal plant for all types of aquariums: it is not particularly picky about environmental conditions and easily reproduces. However, for its healthy growth requires care. It is necessary to periodically rinse the water with clean water and remove the rotten parts.
At the same time the plant performs very important functions, helping to keep the aquarium clean and tidy.
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