Главная 7 Aquarium Plants 7 Hepatic mosses as representatives of lower plants in an aquarium

Hepatic mosses as representatives of lower plants in an aquarium

Previously, hepatic mosses (hepatic) were considered as a class of moss (Bryophyta) or mosses, but were subsequently allocated to a separate class belonging to the plant kingdom. Distributed liverworms around the world.

The greatest number of their species lives in the tropical zone. The total number of species – more than 6 thousand, and all of them may have characteristic features.

Hepatic mosses – small and delicate bryophytes

Hepatic mosses – lower plants, whose species diversity is so great that the appearance of some representatives may differ significantly from other species. Some of them have a stem and leaves, while others look like a flat thallus creeping along the ground or the surface of the water.

These plants do not have roots, and their functions are performed by rhizoids – unicellular filamentous formations used to attach to the substrate and absorb water and nutrients. Leaves of leafy hemp leaves are always composed of one layer of homogeneous cells.

If you liked the video – share with friends:

The livermen are divided into 2 subclasses:

  • thallus or marschantium;
  • leafy or Jungermannia (Jungermanniales).

The leafberry hepatus subclass contains a greater number of species.

The stalk of the majority of young Germanis liverworms consists of cells of one species. There are species whose stem cells are divided into a “bark” at the periphery and a “core” inside.

From the surface of the lower part of the stem rhizoids depart. They are transparent or colored and can branch at the ends.

Mushrooms can settle in the branches. Attaching to the substrate also occurs due to rhizoids, at the ends of which in this case disc-like extensions are formed.

Jungermanniales have a stem made up of identical cells.

The reproduction of these plants can occur as a vegetative or sexual, and often these two methods are used by the plant at the same time. There are also species breeding exclusively by spores.

Jungermannian liverworms are prevalent mainly in tropical and subtropical forests.

If you liked the video – share with friends:

The subclass of hepatic moss hepatic mosses unites representatives of various sizes and shapes. More common are creeping species with flat thalli.

But there are also similar to round rosettes of the shape of thallus.

Until recently, the use of mossy liverworms in aquaria was limited to only one species – Riccia fluitans, but in the 90s of the twentieth century a species was introduced to Europe that easily turns into a water form – Monosolenium tenerum Griffith.

Monosolenium tenerum Griffith liver moss

Experienced aquarists actively use mosses for decorating tanks for fish, but the main advantage of these plants in an aquarium is not only their decorative effect. The presence of liver mosses contributes to:

  • water oxygenation;
  • fast processing of organic matter;
  • reducing nitrate levels;
  • high-quality mineral metabolism;
  • creating favorable conditions for spawning (mainly labyrinth fish);
  • creating shading and shelter (for example, for fry);
  • providing favorable conditions for the reproduction of protozoa (ciliates), suitable as food for fry.

If you liked the video – share with friends:

Monosolenium grows predominantly in southern China and Thailand. Separate cushion colonies of this ancient and very rare plant prefer wet swampy soil.

In the underwater form, this moss has not yet been detected.

When creating compositions using monosoleum, certain difficulties may arise. The plant is fragile., does not like currents and the presence of suspended matter in the water.

Due to the almost complete absence of rhizoids, the attachment of the colony to the substrate is rather difficult. And under favorable conditions, a colony can be covered with a multitude of oxygen bubbles and float up with insufficient adhesion to the bottom.

But with a careful and reasonable approach, monosolenium colonies will help to create a unique design and improve water quality.

Moss monosolenium fragile plant, it does not like for

When settling fish in an aquarium, it is necessary to exclude herbivorous species and large individuals that can damage the moss.

For comfortable growth, monosolenium needs bright light. The temperature range of this moss is quite wide, and it can live both at 30–32 ° C and when the water temperature drops to 10 ° C or even 5 ° C.

It is possible to contain this representative of liver mosses and in the conditions of a terrarium or a wet greenhouse. On land, colonies become less fragile and acquire a slightly different shade.

If you liked the video – share with friends:

The genus riccia contains about 200 species. Of these, the most popular as an aquarium plant, Riccia floating.

In nature, Riccia fluitans are widely distributed: Europe, Asia, North and South America, Africa and New Zealand. In Russia, liver mosses are found in the Far East and in the Pre-Caucasus.

Riccia moss loves slow flowing waters

The colonies of Riccia prefer stagnant or slow-flowing waters, where they stay near the surface, forming comfortable conditions for fry of various species of fish. In aquarism Riccia is used both for shading and for the sake of creating conditions for spawning.

Water temperatures of 22–29 ° C and bright lighting will provide riccia with favorable conditions for growth. When the temperature drops below 20 ° C, the plant dies, and with a significant increase in water hardness, growth is significantly slowed down.

Reproduction of liver moss is possible by simply separating part of the colony. Also, under favorable conditions, moss spores present in the water can give rise to the reproduction of the species.

If you liked the video – share with friends:

О admin

x

Check Also

Vallisneria spiral: features of plant care

Spiral Wallisneria is one of the most common plants, especially in aquariums of beginning aquarists ...

Green algae in the aquarium: how to get rid of?

Conventionally, the kingdom of plants is divided into two categories: the highest – here include ...

Crinum floating (Crinum natans)

Crinum floating (Crinum natans) – aquarium plant Amaryllis family (Amaryll. Crinum floating grows in tropical ...

Lagenandra ovoid (Lagenandra ovata)

Lagenander ovoid (Lagenandra ovata) – aquarium plant families Aronnik or Araid (Araceae). Homeland langenandra ovoid ...

Unpretentious alode aquarium plant (aquatic plague): species, how it looks, how to plant and care, reproduction

Elodieus freshwater plant, or anaccharis, is quite unpretentious, it grows quickly under any conditions. For ...

The reasons for the appearance of nitrile in the aquarium, how to deal with it

Some plants appear in the aquarium unexpectedly, besides, they grow quite quickly. These types include ...

The maintenance of aquatic plants richchiya

Riccia – bright green aquarium moss. In the natural environment, the plant can be found ...

Bacopa care, flower growing and plant grafting

Bacopa or suter is very popular in Europe. The flower belongs to the family of ...

Spiral Wallisneria: maintenance and care, diseases, reproduction

An aquarium with natural greenery looks very beautiful, resembling a piece of wildlife in your ...

Green algae: list of main species and description

Green algae are a vast group of living microorganisms, the tissues of which are practically ...

Crinum Thai (Crinum thaianum)

Crinum Thai (Crinum thaianum) – aquarium plant family amaryllic (Amaryllididaeae). Crinum Thai distributed mainly in ...

Brazilian Lileuopsis: create a natural lawn in your tank

The appearance of the aquarium is largely determined by the correct selection of the plant ...

Unpretentious aquarium plants for the aquarium (the most undemanding for lighting and care, simple ones that do not require soil): a photo, why vegetation is needed, a decorative purpose, how many plants there may be, species (Javanese moss, Richie, Thai and Indian fern, kladofora, Wallisneria, key moss, nayas, rogolnik, elodey)

There are many unpretentious aquarium plants that look interesting and spectacular, like more capricious species. ...

Varieties of aquarium algae on green plants

Beautifully designed aquariums always attract the attention of others. In addition to the fish, they ...

The maintenance of the aquarium plant Rotala indica (Rotala indica)

An aquarium without a lively flora looks plain and empty. A common decoration of a ...

Species diversity echinodorusov, their features

Without exception, all aquarium lovers are engaged in the cultivation of special plants. There are ...

Green carpet from Chemianthus cube

Chemianthus Kuba is used in many styles of aquascaping because it can grow on a ...

Cryptocoryne aponogenolistnaya (Cryptocoryne aponogetifolia)

Cryptocoryne aponogenolistnaya (Cryptocoryne aponogetifolia) is an aquarium plant of the Cryptocoryne genus (Cryptocoryne) of the ...

Limnobium stalkoniferous (Limnobium stoloniferum or Salvinia laevigata)

Limnobium (Limnobium stoloniferum or Salvinia laevigata) is an aquatic plant of the Vodokrasov family (Hydrocharitaceae). ...

Nymphaea in the aquarium (red, tiger, green): planting and caring for the plant aquarium water lily, types, content

Nymphaeus appeared recently in the aquarium. The water lily was kept in ponds, but now ...

The Riccia floating float: maintenance and care in an aquarium

Riccia – a plant freely floating on the surface of the water that has no ...

The content of the marsh plant Prozerpinnaki Palustrist

For its unpretentiousness in the care and the original appearance of Prozerpinaka Palustris is loved ...

Types of algae and characteristics of their varieties

Aquatic plants are divided into higher (Cormobionta) and lower (Thallobionta). The latter include all types ...

Cryptocoryne Beckett (Cryptocoryne becketii)

Cryptocoryne Beckett (Cryptocoryne becketii) – aquarium plant of the Cryptocoryne genus (Cryptocoryne) of the aroid ...