Conventionally, the kingdom of plants is divided into two categories: the highest – here include multicellular organisms and the lower – unicellular organisms, among which algae are ranked. It is with them that we have to fight, because they multiply very actively.
More than 7000 species belong to the genus “green algae”. The rapid division of green algae is popularly called “water blooming”, and fish end up suffering (they simply do not have enough oxygen), and aquarium plants (algae displace them and deprive the lion’s share of nutrients).
Why are uninvited guests settling in the aquarium? – There are many reasons: an excess of organic matter, a violation of biological equilibrium, overpopulation, high water temperature.
photo: Green algae on the wall of the aquarium
Green algae in an aquarium have the form of a green film or dots on the bottom or glass of an aquarium. They love a long day of light, heat and carbon dioxide.
Such algae develop worse if there are many higher plants in the reservoir, but where there is artificial vegetation, this is paradise for green algae! They multiply faster if the level of nitrates and phosphates increases in water.
photo: Green algae on the leaves of the plant
Restore balance. First of all, you need to reduce daylight hours to 6-8 hours, plant more floating plants in the aquarium – they will obscure the aquarium and will not allow the algae to multiply quickly. The brightness of fluorescent lamps, too, at the time it is better to reduce.
Mechanical cleaning with special scrapers and brushes is also shown – algae do not like being moved. Thoroughly flush large stones and snags, filters, and compressor hoses.
If plants are affected, they need to be removed from the aquarium. Regularly change the water, siphon the soil, monitor the work of aerators, it would be good to make the reservoir ozonation.
Water in a special tank is treated with ozone – it destroys green algae. After some time, the greens settle on the ground, from where it can be easily collected.
Photo: Green algae on the soil and leaves
Live water orderlies. These include mollies, barbs, antsistrusy and other types of catfish. Also cope with algae and snail neretina.
If the neighborhood of the aquarium allows, get a few “live attendants” in it, and the amount of algae will decrease.
Aquarium chemistry. Before you use a particular drug, carefully read the instructions – it can be harmful to some plants. Chemicals do not eliminate the root cause of algae, but slow down the growth of algae.
After applying them, you still need to restore balance in the aquarium, especially to monitor the quality of water. There are many effective drugs: Tetra Bactozym, Sera bio Nitrivec, Tetra Nitrat Minus, JBL Algol, API Algaefix, Tetra Algostopdepot, Aquarium Algae Destroyer, Aqua Medic Antigreen, Sera Algovec, Sera Algopur and others.
The dosage and method of use indicated by the manufacturer on the package.
You can fight with colored water and with the help of antibiotics: penicillin, bitsillina-5 (10,000 units per liter of water), but the course should last 2-3 days in a row (it is better to bring antibiotics at night).
The presence of a small amount of green algae is the norm, but their active reproduction is a signal that all is not well in the aquarium!