Ferns are one of the oldest plants that have survived, and are represented by a huge number of species and genera. They are great for breeding them in an aquarium, decorate it, not so whimsical, serve as an additional source of oxygen. One of the most popular is Indian, which includes the equally popular Thai.
Between themselves, they differ little, the main differences in conditions of detention and cultivation, in the form of sheets, soil. In this article we look at the most popular representatives of the species, as well as the differences between them.
As already stated above, there are not so many differences between them and they are easily confused. For convenience, we structured some of the most popular representatives.
Often the Indian fern can be found under the name ceratopteris or water fern. There is controversy in the literature as to whether the second name is Indian, but most agree that yes.
And also you can meet under the name of the fern cornea, because it belongs to the family of cornea. In an aquarium it can be both floating and fixed to the ground. Indian water fern lives in tropical latitudes, it has lush and bright leaves (similar to dill) up to 50 cm in size.
It has quite fragile roots, so the ground should be fine and silty, suitable pebbles or sand. Indian fern is a big fan of light.
But also called “water cabbage”. The leaves are up to 30 cm in size. In nature, it can be found on the surface of the water, although in the aquarium the winged fern can also be planted in the ground.
Water cabbage has rather large and light leaves that have cuts along the edges.
The whole species belongs to the genus microsorum pteropus. Often it is also called javan fern. It differs from the Indian in that it has several root systems.
Differ among themselves leaf shape. Good for aquarium.
The bush consists of long stems and leaves. The roots cover the stem with narrow villi.
Since the roots are spreading out on the ground, it does not matter at all whether there are stones in the ground, most often the Thai narrow-leaved fern is simply laid on the bottom and pressed or attached so that it does not float to the surface. The narrow-leaved fern has dark green and narrow leaves, up to 20 cm in size. Looks good in small aquariums, plant it both singly and in a group.
Prefers bright light and does not like hard water (temperature about 24 degrees).
Often also can be found under the name pteropus or pterygoid microsorum. It has bright green leaves. 25-30 cm in size, forms dense thickets.
Thailand’s winged fern requires soft water. Lighting is suitable strong or moderate. Duration of daylight hours 12 hours.
The soil is optional, because the rhizome is on its surface. Quite easy to maintain, but has a low growth rate.
It is usually planted in the center of the aquarium or around its perimeter.
The Thai Vindelov fern has lanceolate leaves up to 30 cm long and a little more than 5 cm wide, of bright green color. Often use its scientific name – microsorum pteropus windelov.
At the top of the leaves branch, and in shape begin to resemble deer antlers. But thanks to this gives a more magnificent view.
The root system is rather weak, so it fixes its position at the expense of stones or snags. Vindelov’s fern does not need to be fixed at the bottom, because even if it comes up, it will again sink to the bottom under its weight.
Sits not alone, in the center or closer to the front wall of the aquarium. For growing suitable fresh or brackish water.
Country of origin – the Philippines. The pterygoid Filipino has leaves the size of up to 40 cm in length. It is not suitable for soft and sour water, it prefers salt water.
The scientific name is microsorum pteropus philippine.
Red fern grows in Asia. Young leaves have a purple or ruby color, and when they already grow, they become green.
In fact, for this he is valued for decorative purposes and he got his name. It is usually planted in groups around the perimeter of the aquarium.
The scientific name is microsorum pteropus red.
Trident rather rare species. The leaves are shaped like a trident. Size up to 20 cm.
Unpretentious and usually settles on snags. The scientific name is microsorum pteropus trident.
It grows in Africa, it reaches a size of up to 70 cm, but it usually grows up to 40 cm in the aquarium (it can be found up to 60 cm). Even under good conditions, it grows rather slowly.
Bolbitis gedeloti has dark green leaves (reminiscent of oak), which form dense thickets. He loves the light, but prefers scattered more, at least 12 hours a day. It is desirable that the water was slightly acidic and clean (temperature 24-26 degrees).
Bolbitis gedeloti maintains different conditions and can take root on a stone or a snag. It does not need soil, therefore you should not bury it in soil.
Congolese fern is also often called.
The article is an introduction to the most popular Indian fern species. If you want to add an aquarium fern to yourself, then check if the aquarium exactly fits its living conditions.
Although in fact it is still worth looking for a less whimsical aquarium plant. The differences between them are not so big, so when choosing, be guided by the fact that you yourself like the new plant in your aquarium!