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Content of moss Phoenix (Fissidens fontanus) in the aquarium

Moss is an excellent living decoration for an aquarium, allowing fish and other aquatic inhabitants to feel at home. They can eat it, lay eggs in it, hide in the branches.

One of the most popular species is moss phoenix. It does not require special care, it looks good in the underwater landscape and is easily combined with many plants and animals.

Moss – a great live decoration for the aquarium

This moss is Representative of the Taksifillum clan, belonging to the family of Hypnous mosses and the Briev subclass. Its official name in Latin is the Fissidens fontanus.

More than 400 species belong to the genus Fissident (translated as “split tooth”), due to which it becomes one of the largest among all moss.

Even in Russian, this plant is often called “fountainanus.” This name was given to him because of the unusual shape of the shoots, as if by a fountain streaming from stones and logs.

Phoenix he was also called because of his appearance. If you look closely at its leaves, you can easily find a similarity with the feathers of the fabulous phoenix bird. This name – Phoenix moss – he was given in Japan and Thailand, where he arrived from his homeland – North America.

In other countries where it grows, people have other associations, for example, in Poland it is compared with a foxtail.

Under natural conditions, this plant prefers ponds and rivers with stagnant water or slow currents. If the water level changes, the moss floats to the surface. In dry periods, it does not die, adapting to a small amount of moisture.

Tenacious roots allow it to attach to the nearest bark, stones and tree trunks. But he is most comfortable in the lowlands, where the last drops of water are still preserved.

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Although on land without reservoirs nearby it is not capable of growing, but it still has its own original way of moving along the ground. It grows to the shells of mollusks and moves wherever the crustacean crawls.

This allows it to change its habitat, if the old is dry, or just spread wider.

Fountainus moss shoots reach 2.5 cm. Its narrow leaves, alternately located on the stem, have pointed tips.

As the branch grows, it sags more and more, giving the plant a resemblance to a ball or fountain that has frozen while it is working.

Due to the large number of rhizoids (processes that resemble strings), the phoenix can attach to almost any surface and feel great on it. It does not require a garter, as he himself strongly clings to the substrate.

This quality is indispensable in landscape design, because thanks to him the fountain can be placed on almost any element of the decor.

Fountainus moss shoots reach 2.5 cm. Giving it a ball shape

Although the fountain Moss does not require complex care and almost any parameters will do for it, but there are still conditions in which it will feel more comfortable. So, pay attention to the water:

  • the acidity in it should have a value from 5.5 to 7.5 pH;
  • optimal temperature can vary from 15 to 30 degrees Celsius;
  • the best stiffness is from 5 to 9, although moss is able to survive at other values.

If these parameters change up or down, the fountain will survive anyway, but it can grow much slower, and its color will become dimmer.

Clean water is important to it, as it is for other mosses. If a slurry settles on its leaves, it can grow into algae, which will adversely affect its health.

He may even die. To avoid such an outcome, you can make shrimp in the aquarium.

Algae for them – a great food, so they will help the phoenix and clean it from dirt.

Shrimps in the aquarium will help clean the moss from algae

In addition to cleanliness, for moss “Fissidence Fountainus” it is important to have a weak flow, which is easy to create with filtering. When water runs through the aquarium, it does not stagnate in one place, providing the moss with saturation with useful substances and washing away the dirt from its leaves.

An additional method of cleaning should be the replacement of water: every 7−10 days, you need to change up to 40% of its volume.

The phoenix receives all necessary microelements from water, therefore it doesn’t need additional feeding. But you can still fertilize it to accelerate growth and improve appearance.

To do this, you need to submit to the aquarium additional carbon dioxide and use mineral fertilizers containing iron, potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium and phosphorus.

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He does not need special lighting – he is able to survive in any conditions, but his appearance may vary: due to the lack of light, the moss may dull. With an increase in the intensity of light, it is quickly restored, again acquiring its juicy bright green color.

However, if it is not possible to cover it, then any other conditions created for the rest of the aquarium will do.

Over time, filamentous algae or sludge may appear in the thickets of the fountainus, hindering its natural growth. They can be removed with a siphon, during a water change, and also cleaned manually.

Moss is able to survive in any conditions, but its appearance may vary.

In nature, a large phoenix moss propagated by spores, formed in the seed box – sporangia. After ripening, it bursts, and the seeds land directly on the leaves of the mother plant, and they are rooting there.

This process ensures the constant replacement of old individuals with new shoots.

If you wish to artificially propagate the phoenix moss in an aquarium, you can simply divide one bush into two or more parts. Separating the beam from the parent plant, you need to attach it with a thread, fishing line or mesh to the surface on which it will be planted.

Within a few days, he will not need artificial fixation – he will catch hold of the soil with his own roots and, over time, he will begin to capture more and more area.

To propagate the phoenix moss in an aquarium, you can simply divide one bush into two or more parts

Before planting a new plant in an aquarium, you need to carefully examine its appearance. If it has brown, faded leaves or algae, then they should be removed.

Buying phoenix in the store, you need to buy only healthy copies. If even the smallest part of the plant began to die off, this is a bad sign.

Moss can adapt to a new place quickly, but this does not always happen. This process can take several weeks.

Only after that the phoenix will begin to grow.

For better growth, it is recommended to cut the plant regularly. This procedure can be performed with ordinary scissors, cutting off 2 cm of shoots.

After shearing, the phoenix is ​​compacted, expands faster and wider. In addition, it helps to avoid rotting of the lower parts of the moss.

In general, this type of moss grows much slower than its counterparts, but it is famous for its longevity.

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This plant is not only a great companion for most aquarium animals and plants, but also a great solution for creating underwater landscape compositions. The content of phoenix moss in an aquarium allows you to roam fantasy, since with its participation you can come up with a lot of interesting species.

It is worth remembering that he always has one form and in any case will be spherical. Neither a haircut, nor different ways of planting will not allow to adjust its appearance.

But even with these seeming flaws, it is quite plastic, because you can take a few balls and combine them into a single figure.

If there is a feeling that the phoenix does not fit in with the rest of the design of the aquarium, it can be easily removed from the current residence and moved.

Best to post its in the foreground of the aquarium. It will look great in the background, but in any case, the view will be attracted to him because of its unusual appearance, so you should take this into account.

You can initially start growing it at points called focal – those where the eye falls in the first place. This approach will allow its external qualities to appear most clearly.

It is best to place the moss in the foreground of the aquarium.

With his participation Various compositions are possible:

  • you can grow it on stones to create green, soft mounds;
  • it is also suitable for filling the voids between individual snags and other elements of the landscape;
  • the option for the lazy is to plant a fountain in the center of the aquarium, allowing it to grow independently in all directions;
  • You can decorate the hills and create on them fluffy bumps;
  • Finally, it is ideal for the construction of a hanging garden.

Any other variations are possible, limited only by the aquarist’s imagination. However, it is not necessary to get involved too much, otherwise the underwater world may look strange and coarse.

This type of moss is perfect for both standard and nano-aquariums. You can limit them to one when decorating the space, and you can combine it with other cultures. It is often found in biotopes, iwagumi, Japanese and Dutch aquariums.

Its unique ability to attach to any surface and to grow widely along it allows it to give it any shape, which makes it one of the most popular landscape solutions.

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The unpretentiousness of this moss and its ability to adapt to any conditions in the aquarium are qualities that allow it to coexist with almost any representatives of flora and fauna. Its leaves, reaching 2 mm in length, are considered to be long for mosses, so even the Siamese seaweed cannot eat them.

Therefore, to keep them in the same aquarium with a phoenix is ​​quite acceptable.

Best contain fountain in the tank with shrimps, which are great at cleaning the aquarium from dirt and algae. Thick thickets will be an excellent refuge for them during the breeding season and immediately after the hatching of new individuals. In addition to them, snails are also suitable for this purpose, they also gladly eat excess organic matter accumulating in the moss.

However, they need to be careful, as their population is rapidly increasing and they may soon become too much. In this case, they can begin to gnaw the leaves of plants, including mosses.

Any kinds of fish get along well with moss fountain, laying eggs in its branches.

Phoenix coexists well with other species of mosses. Using this feature, you can create even more design variations in an aquarium. Here is some vegetable neighborhood options for him:

  • Riccia – the original form of moss, often used in the design. Its stalks are filled with air, which allows it to float to the surface. If its roots are attached to the ground, then it is a beautiful island. Like the phoenix, it easily adapts to almost any conditions, but most of all likes well-lit places with a high content of carbon dioxide.
  • Java moss – this species is familiar to almost any aquarist, is widely distributed and sold in any store. His unpretentiousness and versatility are qualities for which he is loved and appreciated. It grows slowly, but begins to actively grow after shearing. Able to create a carpet, also well suited for small forms of the landscape.

Java moss will be excellent with moss phoenix

  • Christmas Moss is another view with an original name. Received its name because of the unusual shoots, similar to spruce branches. Perfectly adapts to any conditions, but prefers good illumination. Carbon dioxide does not affect its development. Like the phoenix, it becomes an excellent neighbor for shrimp and a substrate for spawning fish.
  • Monosolenium tenerum – looks like Riccia, but much larger in size. It grows well in any environment, it is easily propagated by division, so it is suitable even for beginning aquarists. He needs a good filtration of water, the preferred temperature for it is up to 25 degrees, but the lighting can be any.
  • Using these types of moss together with the phoenix, you can create unique compositions in your aquarium and admire its appearance. You can find other types of vegetation that are more attractive for a particular aquarist – the fountain is able to coexist with almost any of them.

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