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Content of a shady micrantemus (Micranthemum umbrosum) in an aquarium

The main criterion for the selection of both animals and plants for placement in an aquarium is an attractive appearance. To create a truly picturesque underwater world behind the glass, it is important to pay attention not only to the appearance of its inhabitants, but also to the appearance of the surrounding vegetation.

One of the most beautiful representatives of the aquarium flora is considered to be a shady micrantemus.

Mikrantemum shady one and the most beautiful plants for the aquarium

This plant, so beloved by aquarists of the whole world, is not a form artificially created by specialists, but a creation of nature, that is, it has a natural origin. Therefore, it can be seen not only in aquariums, but also in the natural environment.

The homeland of the shady micrantemus is North America. This continent and the nearest South America to this day remain the only areas of plant distribution in nature.

For habitat, it has chosen the regions of the tropics and subtropics located on both parts of the American continent. In the United States, the microtranem is found in most states in the southeastern part of the country, starting with Texas and ending with Virginia and Florida.

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The natural places of plant growth mainly include various marshlands. In addition to swamps, the micrantemus prefers the following habitats:

It is possible to find a plant in any part of the reservoir – it can grow both in the water column itself and near the shore.

The plant, known as shady micrantemum (or Micranthemum Umbrosum in Latin), belongs to the herbaceous perennials from the family nornichnikovyh. Residents of English-speaking countries often call him “baby tears.”

Initially, they are of long stem type, but under certain conditions they can behave like a groundcover, which is why the plant is often referred to as representatives of the latter.

In the wild natural conditions such a change of behavior directly depends on the change of seasons. In the summer season, the plant stretches to the surface of the water and grows to the acquisition of the surface form.

When the winter season sets in, the micrantemum, on the contrary, completely hides deep into the water, sinking to the very bottom.

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By their appearance, representatives of the shady species resemble low-flowered microtanes, or, as they are also called, mikrantemoides. The main differences of these species from each other are in the nature of growth and size of leaves.

Another plant that looks a bit like a seemingly shady micrantemus is the cube chemianthus. The main difference between these plants is that the micrantemum is a representative of a long-stemmed species with signs of ground cover.

Chemianthus belongs to ground cover plants and at the same time has absolutely no signs of long stem.

Shady mikrantemum, distinguished among others by its beauty, has a very distinctive look, which makes it difficult to recognize it. The plant has an elongated creeping rhizome, on which are white threadlike roots of a subordinate type.

From the main rhizome, vertically growing long branching stems depart, forming a bush. On these stems are the thinnest leaves (about half a millimeter thick).

And the stems and leaves have a light green or lime shade.

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Sessile leaves with very short, barely noticeable petioles. The growth pattern is opposite, that is, the plates are located opposite one another, which makes pairs of leaves resembling bows.

Leaf blades are very delicate, rounded in shape, small in size. The diameter of the plates is about 0.5 cm (maximum – 1 cm).

The dimensions of the stems of a micro-topicme living in an aquarium are usually 15 cm high and 10 cm wide. But under favorable conditions, the branches can grow up to 20 cm high and up to 15 cm wide.

The manifestation of signs of a long-stalk or ground cover plant in the growth of a micro-subjectm can be controlled by creating an environment with certain parameters in the reservoir. The plant is very fond of light, but with its abundance will begin to behave as a representative of the ground cover.

Therefore, in order for the stems to press against the ground and literally spread, it is necessary to provide bright illumination of the aquarium in general and the bush in particular. In order for the branches to rise above the surface of the water, two conditions will be required:

  • maintain high humidity around the bush;
  • monitor soil moisture – it should be constant.

For good growth of micrantenum, he needs a lot of sunlight.

If there is a favorable (or at least acceptable) environment in the aquarium, the plant will not only grow well, but also bloom. It should be noted that only the aerial part of the shady micro-topicm has the ability to bloom. The flowers of a tiny-sized plant (calyx 2 mm long) are always single and belong to the axillary type.

They appear on a small flower stalk from December to January.

If suitable conditions are created in the aquarium where the micrantemum will reside, it will take root without any difficulty. In a comfortable environment, it is able to form a full-fledged rooted shrub of a small cutting. In addition, the plant can grow at a very fast speed – during the whole one day it can add up to 5 cm in length.

In connection with the rapid growth of the bush from time to time it is necessary to carry out its pruning and weeding.

Fine gravel will be suitable as a soil for microntenum.

As the soil is recommended to use fine gravel. The soil is necessary well silted. When using nutrient soil in an aquarium, a supply of such substances as:

  • iron;
  • liquid macrofertilizers;
  • liquid microfertilizers.

If you wish to compact the existing thickets of the micro-topicm, simply pinch off or cut off the top of the branch. Soon on the site of the cut, there will be many new shoots – shoots, which later grow into real stems.

In such a simple way it is possible to create lush, dense and beautiful vegetation in an aquarium.

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If a large bush has been prepared for placement in an aquarium, it can be divided into smaller parts. If it is impossible to land in the ground for any reason, you can leave the micrantemum to float on the surface of the water.

It does not harm the plant in any way – it feels great and grows equally well both in the depth of water and on the water surface. Looking less attractive in this position, the micrantemum will not, on the contrary, decorate the whole aquarium – light will be diffused through the floating stems.

For growing plants fit both large and small tanks – it adapts to a closed environment of any size. But it is still better to give preference to large vessels with a volume of 60–100 liters, since in aquariums of smaller size the pruning of a fast-growing microtranme will have to be carried out several times more often.

Once in the new place of residence, the plant can begin to behave like a capricious child. The easiest way to “calm it down” is to provide good lighting.

A loving microrantemum will like it. But there are cases when, regardless of the intensity of light, acclimatization of a plant is very difficult.

Larger aquariums are best for micrantenum

This perennial vital vital fairly strong coverage. This is a guarantee of good growth of the bush and just the normal development of its organs. The required degree of lighting depends on the volume of the aquarium.

The formula for the calculation is very simple – 1 watt per liter of water (minimum intensity 0.5 watt per liter).

With a lack of light, the lower leaf plates will begin to collapse – peculiar holes will appear in them. The leaves will age faster, and the old leaves will die off and fall off faster.

Light hunger will make the stalks fragile – they will break. And their broken pieces in search of light will rise to the water surface, as a result of which the upper layer of water will be constantly strewn with “splinters”.

Duration of daylight should be 10−12 hours (a minimum of 8 hours). The lighting needed is very bright, but diffused.

In the role of lighting devices, the use of fluorescent lamps suitable for the radiation spectrum is allowed.

Mandatory requirements include the supply of large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) to the aquarium. The absence of carbon dioxide will significantly slow down the growth rate of the stems, and the sprouting leaves will be smaller. Another unpleasant nuance – the combination of strong light and the absence of carbon dioxide, almost 100% guaranteeing the fouling of the aquarium and all that it contains, algae.

It is for this reason that the supply of carbon dioxide is necessary.

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Algae that are on the micrantemus, even in the form of a tiny growth, are capable of destroying the plant completely over time. It is important to closely monitor that there are no algal fouling on the bush. If any is found, you should immediately remove them.

It is best to prevent such formations at all. For this you need:

  • follow the light and the amount of carbon dioxide;
  • regularly change the water to clean;
  • to filter.

A sufficient supply of carbon dioxide, supplemented by strong illumination, allows you to admire the amazing process of plant photosynthesis. The spectacle is truly beautiful – small air bubbles as if from magic arise from nowhere and cover the tops of the branches of the bush, as well as the sinuses of the leaves.

Amateur aquarists who watched this wonderful process called it “bubble”.

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Comfortable living in a home aquarium for a micrantemum can be achieved by creating certain conditions of detention. Like any representative of the aquarium kingdom, the basic requirements of this perennial to the content relate to water. The desired water parameters for a shady micro-topic are:

  • temperature from 20 to 26 degrees Celsius;
  • acidity or pH (pH) from 5.3 to 7.8;
  • stiffness (dH) from 4 to 9 degrees.

To determine that the existing conditions of the content do not satisfy the plant, it is possible by such a criterion – new leaf blades have ceased to grow on the stems. In this case, the conditions need to be adjusted within the framework of the desired parameters.

After 2-3 days, metabolic processes should return to normal.

The presence of the micrantemum provides a delightful aquarium landscape that you can admire endlessly. But with all its gorgeous appearance, this plant, known among aquarists, is very demanding in terms of conditions.

It was precisely the perenniality of perennial that was the reason that for a long time he was not particularly popular with aqua-designers.

Micrantenum is very often used to design aquarium

To date, the situation has changed. Many people who are fond of aquarism, for the beauty of the underwater kingdom they have created, create favorable conditions for this plant.

And the number of such people who are ready to comply with the requirements for the content of a shady micro-topic continues to grow. Due to its unique appearance, the perennial rapidly won the love of aquarists, because it is difficult to find equal to him in attractiveness.

In aqua design, the plant is most often placed on the middle ground, and also in the back – as the main background. This perennial is brought to the fore only when it is illuminated with extreme brightness.

In addition, when using a plant in front, it is required to cut it regularly so that it does not grow above the desired level and does not obscure all that is behind.

Mikrantenium often used in the foreground of the aquarium

Being in an aquarium, the micrantemum performs not only the role of decoration – various small fish, their fry and other aquarium creatures like to hide in its thickets. But do not combine in one “home” snails and herbivorous fish, otherwise the plant will simply be eaten.

Today, the shadowy micrantemum is very often grown in nano-aquariums, playing the role of background decor. In addition, this plant looks particularly impressive in well-lit Dutch aquariums.

As already noted, this is one of the most beautiful existing aquarium plants. Undoubtedly, it will decorate absolutely any aquarium.

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