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Content and reproduction of Javanese moss in an aquarium

Javanese moss is well known to people who breed different fish. It is a perennial aquatic moss from the family of hypnosis. Aquarists rated it for its attractive appearance and relative unpretentiousness.

But despite the fact that planting moss in an aquarium is quite simple, you need to familiarize yourself with some of the recommendations for its content.

Java moss looks great in an aquarium and does not require much effort for breeding.

The plant can reach forty-five centimeters in height. It has rather branched stems, covered with small leaves of light green color.

At the bottom of the stems grow rhizoids, resembling thin threads – this is the root system, which is sometimes difficult to immediately see. It is with the help of rhizoids that you can fix the moss in the aquarium.

Plant grows in India, prefers wetlands. Artificially it is grown in greenhouses, maintaining high humidity.

Special aquarium lighting is not required, as well as fertilizing. It is in great demand for such a fastidiousness, but its constant growth requires timely attachment to the yoke at the bottom of the aquarium.

To do this, use a fishing line or flexible non-toxic mesh. In a week, the created retainer can be safely cleaned – the bush during this time will already be fixed securely.

Plant the plant better in an aquarium of at least one hundred liters. It is important to follow the recommendations regarding water:

  • temperature – in the region of + 18−25 degrees;
  • stiffness – up to 15;
  • pH from 5 to 8.

Java moss grows in length up to 45 cm, therefore it is suitable for large aquariums with a volume of at least 100 liters.

In order not to harm growth, moss should not be often transplanted to new places. It so happens that it begins to be covered with bloom, which can be washed with running water.

Frequent changes of water can also harm, because other algae begin to grow rapidly and hamper the moss stalks, which eventually weakens.

Java moss serves as a good shelter for shrimps, fry, small fish. Often it is used as a substrate for spawning: the eggs fall on the leaves and become protected from the inhabitants of the aquarium.

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If you properly care for moss in an aquarium, then it grows rapidly. Reproduction occurs by dividing the mother bush – a subsidiary bush will reproduce another bunch and so on in a circle.

It is enough to drop several such bunches into the container and the bush will grow very quickly.

When the plant reaches the top layer of water, it multiplies otherwise – by spores. Stems, which are located in the water, are covered with black shoots, where you can see dark capsules with spores. When ripe, they fall off and begin to form a protonema – a new bush of Javanese moss will appear from it.

Reproduction of such a plan in the home aquarium with fish can be rarely observed, because the plant is often concerned about the inhabitants of the neighbors and for.

With proper care and maintenance, Javanese moss grows very quickly.

Soil for cultivation is not required, moss rooted perfectly on snags, stones, filter tubes. But the beginning of rooting can be attributed to the most difficult period for the plant – at this time it requires a lot of lighting.
If the development of the stems occurs too quickly, they are sheared. Top dressing is not required – the fish themselves supply the plant with it.

If you use fertilizers, you will have to constantly monitor the rapid growth, preventing the overgrowth of the entire aquarium.
With a strong current, the stems simply clog the filter, and this should not be allowed. Enough to ensure small streams of water that are created by the filter.

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This unique plant has excellent survival with different types of fish. You can not worry that any individual will constantly feed on the plant and completely destroy it – such cases have not been recorded.

Only occasionally moss acts as a feeding for fry.

Therefore, you can plant moss in the aquarium with any fish, and also in the tank for spawning, where the bushes will serve as a good protection for the eggs. In addition, the plant perfectly complements the design of any aquarium, making it even more attractive and “sea”.

The main thing – to monitor the growth of moss, so that it does not overwhelm the entire space. After all, then the fish will have nowhere to swim, and if it is not possible to move actively, they will begin to languish quickly.

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Before the procedure, it is necessary to disinfect the container with potassium permanganate 3% solution. These manipulations are required for the safety of aquarium inhabitants.

Then the moss layer is placed on the bottom surface – whether it be soil, stones or snags. In this case, the layer must be thin, otherwise rhizoids may die off.

Planting java moss is very easy if you use a fishing line or net. A part of the “plantation” is dragged to the selected surface for a week, or simply attached to the plant with some weight for the same period.

In order for Javanese moss to take root well, its roots must be hooked to the ground with a line.

If you want to create a beautiful aquarium background from a plant, then take a grid with large cells and perform the following actions:

  1. Two blanks of the same size are made from it (they must correspond to the dimensions of the rear wall of the container).
  2. Then they move on to collecting a “sandwich”: on the first part of the net, lay out the branches of moss, then cover it with the second part and tie it with a fishing line.
  3. Then the resulting frame is fixed to the rear wall of the tank with suction cups. There should be no gaps, otherwise small fish can get into them and get confused.

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