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Conditions of maintenance of the aquarium plant

Plants in the aquarium play an important role. They not only decorate an artificial reservoir, but also serve as a shelter for fish and fry. Fans of aquatic flora and fauna often have a piste.

The aquarium plant has an original appearance. It does not require complex care and strict conditions of detention.

But the gun has a number of features that must be considered before its acquisition.

Piste unpretentious aquarium algae with an attractive appearance

Pistia (Lat. – Pistia) is a perennial grass floating plant. It belongs to the monotypic genus of the Aroid family. Under natural conditions, culture grows in tropical waters of the eastern and western hemispheres of the planet.

She is rich in North and South America, Africa and some regions of Asia.

In China and India, the floating plant is bred for medical purposes. It helps to cure venereal diseases and dysentery. Pistia is used as feed for pigs and other animals of agriculture.

It also acts as an excellent fertilizer, detergent and stain remover. The plant is decorated with greenhouses, ponds and home aquariums.

In Chinese cooking, the leaves are boiled and added to hot and cold dishes.

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Pistia growing in nature, is considered a weed. It quickly grows and covers the surface of reservoirs with a dense carpet, which becomes a significant problem for navigation and fish life.

Therefore, people strictly monitor the growth of this culture and see that it does not fall into the pristine reservoirs. In addition, this weed strongly obscures the bottom of the plant, changes the gas exchange in the water and contributes to the rapid waterlogging. He litters rice and taro crops.

Mosquitoes breed in malignant cultures. Birds spread this plant and carry its seeds over long distances.

In the wild, piste is considered a weed and quickly fills water bodies.

Pistia has many names. It is popularly known as water lettuce, water rose, floating salad.

They called the plant so, because it really looks like a head of cabbage.

The weed root system is feathery. It is all under the water surface. The plant has a short stem.

Leaves 20–25 cm long and 10 cm wide form rosettes that float on water. Round sheet plates have a blue-green tint.

To the base they narrow. Veins located parallel to the length of the leaf, slightly pressed into it.

Because of this, the plates are corrugated. With this structure, the green part of the plant has good stability on the water surface. The leaves are covered with small, short, grayish hairs.

They envelop the plates and do not let them get wet.

Piste looks like a head of cabbage, thanks to which it has several corresponding names.

Inflorescences have a small shape. A leaf coverlet of light green color with small villi envelops an ear no more than 1 cm long. At its top there are male flowers, which number from two to eight pieces.

Under the two longitudinally accrete stamens, there is a single flower of the female, bearing numerous ovules. The plant is self-pollinated.

Although cross-pollination is not observed, the piste bears many fruits with full seeds, which are used to propagate the crop.

Pistia develops in several cycles. When the length of the day increases, the plant begins to grow faster.

During this period, new strong leaves appear. The diameter of the outlets can reach 10−12 cm

Also formed a lot of lateral shoots. The process of active growing season can take several months.

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Some plants do not take root in the aquarium. Pistia is well developed not only in natural but also in artificial reservoirs.

Plants has several varieties and varieties. Although they are not as high as the original form, they also grow rapidly:

  • Blue water salad (Aqua Velvet). The floating salad has bluish leaves. A small gun is usually used to decorate miniature ponds.
  • Corrugated water cabbage (Ruffled). Leaf plates of the smallest shape have corrugated tips. In diameter, the leaves reach 7−10 cm
  • Colorful water lettuce. (Angyo Splash). This pistol is characterized by an interesting pattern: the leaves have specks and a pattern in a creamy yellow strip.

This plant has several varieties, different in color and shape of leaves.

If a water rose is grown in the right conditions, then the aquarium is quickly filled with dense thickets. Since floating lettuce obscures other plants and algae, it should be cut regularly to maintain the decorativeness of the artificial reservoir.

Natural weed has several beneficial properties:

  • Pistia perfectly cleans the water, acting as a filter. Its root system collects dirt, dregs and various suspensions formed in the tank. Also, the roots of plants consume organic matter entering the aquatic environment.
  • Aquarists who are concerned about the cleanliness and optimal performance of home reservoirs should definitely get a gun that accumulates heavy metal salts.
  • With the shaggy root system, the water lettuce acts as an excellent breeding ground for fish that cannot be disturbed. In dense thickets it is convenient to hide fry.

Let the piste and is considered a weed, but it is also a useful plant at the same time, purifies water and serves as a shelter for fry.

Floating gun can be made the only plant in the aquarium. The overgrown greens look beautiful, but it needs to be thinned out in time so that the fish can comfortably move in the water.

Some aquarists resort to a little trick: a certain area in the tank is limited to synthetic thread, which is pulled over the water surface. So the gun will not take up much space.

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The simple conditions of the maintenance of the gun make it the best solution for the decor of an artificial reservoir. The optimal temperature for it will be + 25−28 degrees.

At lower rates, the plant can also develop, but the sizes of the outlets will be smaller.

For guns, such factors as the hardness and acidity of the aqueous medium are not important, but it feels best at 5–7 pH. Too hard water can lead to the fact that the aquarium pet will grow more slowly, and the bushes themselves begin to wither, so the fluid should be updated frequently.

Piste is unpretentious, but it will be better to develop with a sufficiently warm temperature and good lighting.

Floating pistols – light-loving plant. For her, it is important to organize the right lighting. Incandescent bulbs are not recommended because they can cause burns on foliage.

But the powerful fluorescent options will be a great solution. Light day should be at least 12 hours. Best of all water lettuce develops in natural sunlight.

If the plant is sufficiently illuminated, it will open the sockets during the day and close them again by night.

Active growth in the gun is observed if the aquarium is covered with a lid, but not too tight, so that there is no greenhouse effect. With additional coverage, it will be possible to set the optimum moisture level.

Under the most favorable conditions, the pistols can bloom.

During the summer period, water cabbage, like other floating aquarium pets, is attacked by various insect pests. In the heat it will have to handle toxic chemicals.

The pistol is treated in the same way as greenhouse and garden crops. Infected specimens are removed from the reservoir and treated with the desired drug strictly according to the instructions.

Then the bushes are washed with running water and placed back into the tank.

If you provide the required level of humidity in the aquarium, you can achieve the flowering of the gun.

Pistia in an aquarium will need additional substances during the period of rapid growth that occurs in the spring and summer months. Minerals and elements necessary for floating salad are contained in complex fertilizers with iron in the composition.

At 100 liters of aquarium water will need 1.5−2 g of nutrient.

To understand that the water rose needs additional nutrition, you need to look at its roots. With a sufficient number of necessary components in the aquatic environment, they look as usual.

With their lack of root system increases, trying to take a large volume of the tank and consume large amounts of organic matter.

In the last days of summer, growth slows down in Pistia. The plant drops part of the foliage, with the exception of small leaves.

The daughter processes, which will have to wait for spring heat, also cease to grow.

A water rose needs to arrange a winter period so that it develops better after it.

The winter period is an ordeal for a water rose. Although it lasts only three months, for the plant it is necessary to create the necessary conditions, so that it successfully transfers this time:

  • Since autumn, the temperature is gradually reduced to + 17−19 degrees.
  • Significantly reduce the degree of illumination and cease to make the plant feeding.
  • During the winter dormancy period, the water is renewed less frequently.

If you comply with all these conditions, then the water rose will actively develop after the winter.

Some aquarium owners neglect these rules and even increase the coverage during the cold season because they want the culture to develop year-round. Such actions often lead to the fact that the floating cabbage begins to degenerate, and leafy rosettes are reduced and give no more than 4−5 leaves.

Floating lettuce propagated by shoots or seeds.

Most often, the piste is propagated by shoots that are transplanted into colder water.

Usually the pistol is propagated by elongated side shoots or stolons. The plant should reach 8 cm in diameter.

The processes are distinguished by underdeveloped leaf plates. On stolons are formed children, similar to the “mustache”.

When 2–3 true leaves are formed on small processes, they are separated from the parent plant. If such specimens appear in the dormant period, then they are placed on peat moss and covered with a small piece of glass.

Planted in a separate container, the stolons grow well and develop at a water temperature of + 11−13 degrees. With the arrival of spring, the grown-up pistas are transplanted into a common aquarium with optimal conditions for adult samples.

In nature, children are detached from the mother bush on their own and spread by the flow.

Floating lettuce can be propagated and seed method. Material should be collected before the beginning of spring.

In aquarium conditions, it is quite difficult to propagate a piste using this method. Seeds fall to the bottom of the reservoir, accumulating in large quantities.

During the dry period, they may hibernate. When the temperature rises above +20 degrees, for young bushes increase the level of humidity and light.

Water Cabbage Seeds Sustainable and even withstand 5 degrees of heat. If the temperature drops, the piste dies, because it has no resistant organs that will help it to germinate.

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