Nymphaea or water lilies are considered a real decoration of a home aquarium. But for the full development of them you need to properly care for, otherwise, together in the water in the water there will be only petioles from their floating leaves.
To prevent this process, it is important to timely cut the leaves of the scout plants.
As a decoration for the aquarium most often used nymphea lostus or in another way a tiger water lily. Homeland plants – marshy zone of West Africa.
But some believe that this is a hybrid, created specifically for breeding in aquariums.
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The plant belongs to the family Nymphaeaceae, and its main distinguishing feature is purple and dark brown spots on the leaves. The shape of the leaf resembles a heart and can be of different shades: from green to reddish. On the reverse side of the sheet plate, when the sun hits it, a violet color is formed.
This can be seen if you get a leaf out of the water. In the usual state, the downside is dark green.
Nymphaea in an aquarium can grow from 20 to 70 cm in accordance with the conditions of detention. The size of a normal sheet is about 15 cm, and the overall diameter can vary from 20 to 60 cm.
Leaves grow from a stem rosette.
In nature, the water lily is characterized by the presence of a powerful rhizome, then in the aquarium its roots become much thinner, but remain just as strong and tenacious. Pedicle with a stem is also very resistant.
As a rule, the flowering process occurs in the second half of the summer, but the blooming of beautiful pink and white flowers begins only if the basic rules of the content are observed.
- Nymphea Rudge
Nymphea Rudge. A beautiful form of a plant with round large leaves of a green-pink shade. In accordance with the volume of water in the tank is formed the number of leaves.
Nymphaea Rudge grows too slowly in winter and practically does not form new leaves.
Nymphae mikranta – different formation of flood and underwater leaves. The latter are red-green and spotty, and the flood leaves are monochromatic green. Water lily is a great decoration for aquariums.
In good conditions, a nymphae mikrant grows up to 30 cm and more. When the lostus forms the surface leaves, the spike with a beautiful water lily will soon appear, after which the seeds appear.
Nymphaea stellat – differs from other species by the presence of reddish leaves, it is a spreading and demanding plant. Nymphaea stellat requires the formation of quality soil for it. Particular attention should be paid to a flower that looks like a real star, up to 14 cm in diameter.
Nymphaea stellata is characterized by a variety of colors of colors – red, white, blue, gradient with a rich core and light edging.
Viviparous nymphea – spectacular plant for an aquarium. The upper part of the leaves is bright green, and at the bottom there are dark violet and burgundy specks. The substate is unpretentious to the hardness and acidity of water.
Nymphea tiger green
Nymphaea tiger green is the simplest species with large green leaves, blooming a beautiful white flower during flowering.
Nymphea tiger red
Nymphea tiger red – has pronounced bright green or delicate olive leaves, which differ in a beautiful burgundy pattern.
Nymphaea is best suited for an aquarium with a temperature of 24 to 28 degrees. When it falls below 22 degrees, the growth of the plant immediately slows down, and flowering does not occur at all.
The development of the water lily is strongly influenced by the hardness of the water – it is better to do it fairly soft. In a tough environment, a nymph appears a large number of small underwater leaves, it begins to bush up strongly and rarely blooms.
It is preferable to make a slightly acidic water balance, the plant will feel good old-fashioned water with a high concentration of humic acids. Do not need to regularly change the water.
Lighting should be saturated. If the light is not enough, then the leaves grow dull, especially if it is red nymphaea.
Underwater leaves also suffer – they have extended cuttings, and the bush itself loses its decorative form.
For nymphs, sun rays are useful in an aquarium, but a fluorescent lamp imitating daylight, which is often used in greenhouses or hotbeds, is well suited as artificial lighting.
Ordinary incandescent lamps are not suitable for the organization of the light mode. For sufficient brightness will require the use of powerful lamps.
So that the water does not overheat, and the leaves do not get burned, the light should be placed high above the aquarium, and ordinary incandescent bulbs should be used only to further increase the spectrum of red-orange rays in general illumination.
For the beginning of flowering and obtaining seeds, the duration of daylight is better to do from 12 to 14 hours.
The soil for water lilies should contain a lot of organic matter. The roots are rather voluminous, but they are gentle and quickly damaged. For the base of the soil in the aquarium, it is permissible to take small pebbles.
There is added a mixture of clay with peat and charcoal, or at least just clay.
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