Barclay long-leaved (Barclaya longifolia) – aquarium plant owned Barclay family (Barclayaceae).
Barclay long-leaved widespread in the regions of Southeast Asia (Andaman Islands, Burma, Southern Thailand, Sumatra Island, southern regions of Hindustan, New Guinea).
In tropical aquarium Barclay long-leaved rightly holds the honorary title of the most beautiful and interesting plants. It grows up to 50-60 cm in height.
The leaves of Barclay are olive-green in color with a silky sheen on top, and on the underside are purple-red in color.
Barclay long-leaved the plant is very delicate and very whimsical to the conditions of detention. Grows in aquarium evenly throughout the year.
Since Barclay is a thermophilic plant, the water temperature should be around 26-28 ° C. When the water temperature drops to 24 °, the plant stops growing, and it can even die.
But if the temperature rises to 30-32 ° C or a little higher, the plant will not react at all. Barclay requires very mild, weakly acidic water with a hardness of 2-4 °, and a pH of 6-7.
Quite tolerably, the plant grows, albeit more slowly, in harder water (up to 20 °), which has a slightly alkaline reaction. Barclaya grows best with moderate illuminated, in the presence of direct strong light, it is recommended to plant the plant in the shade of other larger aquarium plants, for example, Anubiasa, Echinodorus. Plants are also used for shading.
Artificially illuminated with incandescent bulbs, using fluorescent lamps (type LB) or combining both types. Under these conditions, the color of the leaves becomes brighter.
It is necessary to responsibly approach the selection of soil for barclay. Since it has a very delicate and sensitive to damage the root system, as a substrate it is good to use small pebbles, as well as large river sand.
In the case of souring sludge contained in the soil, the roots of barclay quickly die, and soon the whole plant may die, and very quickly – the leaves suddenly come off and float to the surface of the water. And when inspecting the soil you will not even find the remains of the roots of the plant.
Therefore, it is recommended to constantly monitor the condition of the soil, clean it in time and transplant plants. For barclay, it is very useful to carry out a weekly cleaning of the soil, while taking care not to damage the root system of the plant. For barclay it is enough to have a 4-5 cm soil layer.
If the barclay gets enough minerals for nutrition, then you do not need to change the water often. Feed the plant with complex mineral fertilizer with microelements every 7-10 days.
If a aquarium densely populated with fish, only microfertilizers are introduced into the water.
Breeding Barclay long-leaf in conditions aquarium possible vegetatively and seeds. Vegetative breeding: the easiest and most affordable way for any aquarist. Under favorable conditions plant content on the short rhizome its young processes are formed.
Around the uterine bush eventually forms a thick growth. It is divided 1-2 times a year.
Deposited daughter plants are quickly taken in growth. Breeding Seed: Sometimes it can be observed as after the appearance of a single flower Barclay long-leaf several more are formed.
Since the plant spends a lot of energy on flowering, in the conditions of an aquarium, when more than two barclaya flowers appear on one plant, it can die. That is why it is recommended that the third and subsequent buds formed break off. Thus, you can get 1-2 full-fledged fruit and generally save the parent plant.
If you want to get the seeds of barclay, you need to ensure that they do not spill to the bottom of the aquarium when ripe. The fruit is placed in a bag, which can be made from a nylon stocking or thin nylon. When the fruit bursts, the seeds will be in the bag.
They are immediately sown in a bowl with water (3-5 cm level) and sand, which is recommended to be taken from an old aquarium. This sand is washed and some clay is added, providing an initial supply of essential nutrients. The water temperature should be 28-30 ° C.
Lighting should be diffused and strong. Young plants should be protected from algae.
As soon as 5-6 formed leaves are formed, the seedlings are ready for transplanting into the common ground of the aquarium.