Forming an original, harmonious landscape for an aquarium, many today turn to artificial plants: fewer worries, and a beautiful appearance is obtained immediately, but kept constantly. Those who want to create a lively, natural atmosphere on their own should pay attention to such a plant as Barclay long-leaved (the second name is Barclay longifolia).
By creating favorable conditions for growth, you will receive a worthy reward for your work – a harmonious color composition and lively positive energy.
Today barclay is an aquarium plant, whose natural habitat is located in the southeastern regions of Asia.
First discovered in Burma at the beginning of the 19th century, it was named after botany Barclay and became popular in aquariums due to its long, extraordinary leaves. They have a silky shine and an original combination of colors: the leaves on top are cast in olive-green shades, and on the bottom – in violet-red.
The length can reach 60 cm, looks strong and durable. In fact, the root system is rather a gentle and vulnerable.
And any damage to the root threads can affect the nutrition of the upper part of the plant.
Barclaya is capricious and demanding on the conditions of his content. Despite the large number of species, none of them will grow in cold water.
In addition, it can have an inhibitory effect on plants growing nearby. This happens due to the release of phytoncides into the water.
Barclaya is a plant popular in amateur and professional aquariums. Its large shiny leaves, located on strong petioles and stretching to the surface through the entire water column, give the water house a certain character.
Due to this feature, the plant has received the name of longifolia (long-leaved).
Green bushes – a profitable solution for registration of the water element of residents who prefer fast and free movement. They do not interfere with the game of fish, give them the opportunity to carefully explore the bottom and pick up the remnants of food from it.
The shape of the leaves of this species is elongated and elongated, narrowed at both ends.
Barclay’s green, despite the long (up to 60 cm) leaves, has a shortened weak root system. From the dark brown rhizome well-branched threads of a light color depart.
The flower does not look presentable. His bud does not even open, and the top does not reach the surface of the water.
Barclay longifolia grows well in warm, soft, slightly alkaline water. Its smooth movements of heart-shaped leaves make the aquarium lively.
Their beauty will be lasting if you feed them twice a week with mineral fertilizers.
Barclay red leaf is characterized by small size (maximum length of leaves 35 cm) and maroon-purple leaves. The width of each sheet is not more than 3.5 cm.
The leaf is located on the scape (its length is 5-7cm).
Barclay red leaf
This option more often than other blooms and forms the fruit. The flowers are cleistogamic, and the fruits contain strong and viable seeds.
It grows well in water with a temperature of 26-28oS. The presence of increased hardness or acidity can be detrimental factors.
At the same time, they do not require frequent water changes and feel quite well in the stagnant.
Red leaf grows well in sandy soil or small pebbles. There, the root system feels comfortable, so the leaves quickly stretch up and float almost under the surface of the water.
You can plant in the pot. Then the roots will be protected from fish, whose favorite occupation is to pick root bulbs.
Who saw this wine-red bush in the green aquarium world (live, in a photo or video), will never forget it. Its impeccable appearance is almost always the main focus of design.
The petioles are slightly longer than the previous version (15-25 cm), and the width of the leaves can reach 3 cm.
Barclay Peruviana (Barclaya sp. Peruviana)
More tolerant to water with a hardness rating of 10-12. Prefers areas that are well lit and flowing.
Barclay Peruvian is very thermophilic, so for the neighborhood with her you need to pick up plants and fish with similar habitats to the habitat. For example, discus fish are suitable for fish, and Japanese blend for green fish.
Ferns and cryptocorynes are not well suited.
It blooms rarely, but if the flowers are formed, then they are characterized by self-pollination. For this flower does not even need to open. This phenomenon is called clestogamy.
Peruvian green bushes are ideal for large aquariums, especially with an exotic design.
The krasnolistnaya form of the plant, called “Barclay Perian”, is an expressive underwater inhabitant. Its shade is due to the presence of iron oxide inclusions in the leaf pulp.
The brightness of the leaves of the Peruvian Barclaya is directly dependent on the intensity of illumination. Therefore, those who want to enjoy the thick red of the plant, you need to take care of planting bushes in brightly lit areas. Often it is not necessary to replant individuals (for breeding or for the purpose of changing the landscape) – the plant does not like it.
But you need to take care of water mobility.
The description of the periane will be incomplete if not to say about its following feature: in bright light, the smallest shrub (even single) can produce up to 7 flower stems. But giving them bloom is not worth it.
The plant will quickly lose its strength. You can leave only 2-3 stalks, the rest – cut off.
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