Bacopa Caroline (Vasora caroliniana) – aquarium plant Bacopa genus (Bacopa), Norichnik family (Scrophulariaceae).
In nature Bacopa Caroline found in the waters of the Atlantic coast of South and Central America.
Bacopa Caroline represents a plant with a long stem, with bright green oval leaves up to 2 cm wide and up to 2.5 cm long, arranged oppositely on the stems, that is, in pairs. This plant is very unpretentious, easy multiplies and is often used by aquarists.
In artificial reservoirs with good care it grows throughout the year.
Contain bacopu carolina recommended in moderately warm and tropical aquariums. For intensive growth, she needs a temperature of 20-26 ° C.
At temperatures below normal, plant growth slows down and old leaves rot. She prefers soft water with acidity pH – 6.2-7.0, hardness – no more than 8 °. When water hardness is above the norm, the plant becomes smaller, the leaves and stems deform.
Water in aquarium, maybe “old” or fresh – it does not matter. But we must remember that it is from water bacopa gets most of the nutrition.
The amount of organic matter in the aquarium does not affect the growth of the plant, since its leaves do not undergo fouling and sedimentation of organic and mineral particles. Best for the plant bright lighting, preferably natural solar. In large aquariums Bacopa Caroline feels bad, above all, from a lack of light.
If a aquarium deeper than 30 cm it is better to place it on the side wall, closer to the light, or to create additional lighting. For artificial lighting using fluorescent lamps such as LB, or incandescent lamps.
To each aquarium lamp power is selected personally. You can also combine artificial and natural light.
Light day at the plant should be at least 10-12 hours. Have Bacopa Caroline poorly developed root system, so the ground aquarium should be moderately silted. Sand and some clay are suitable as a substrate, only so that the layer thickness is not more than 4 cm.
The plant does not need additional mineral supplements; usually there are enough nutrients that come with fresh water and fish food.
Bacopa Caroline vegetatively propagated by cutting the stem. Without waiting for the emergence of roots, the apical shoots 10-15 cm long are planted in the ground, while deepening the lower reel of leaves. After some time, roots appear at the base of the leaves.
Bacopa Caroline mainly grown in small containers or in aquariums up to 30 cm deep. But it grows much better in a greenhouse or paludarium in good light, with a water temperature of 24-30 ° C and nutrient soil with a large amount of organic matter. Bacopa Caroline – marsh plant, because it grows in marshland, along the edges of small streams and is able to live in the water column.
In good conditions it grows very quickly and blooms with beautiful pale lilac or blue, rarely white flowers. Changing the habitat of the plant tolerates well