Creating an aquarium biotope with live plants can seem like a tricky task that requires a lot of time, effort and equipment. Vegetation needs a variety of top dressing, special soil, gas mode. All these requirements often scare off newcomers and incline their choice in favor of plastic plants, which not only look unnatural, they can also cause harm to aquarium inhabitants, poisoning water with decay products of paint and plastic.
But there is a way out – Bacopa Caroline, a plant for beginners that does not require complex care, but at the same time beautiful and interesting.
Bacopa Carolina (lat. Vasora caroliniana) is a representative of the norichnikov family, growing in nature in water bodies and warm marshes of Central and South America.
- Its leaves are arranged in pairs, bright green, wide, oval-shaped, up to 2 cm in length.
- Stems are tall, constantly tending to the surface of the water, and as soon as they reach it, they begin to bloom with beautiful purple flowers.
If you cut any part of the plant, you can feel the lemon flavor.
In an aquarium, it is easy to care for Karolinska bakopa, you just need to provide her with a sufficient amount of light and organic matter, which she can eat. The root system is poorly developed, therefore, as the soil fits fine pebbles or river sand 2-4 cm thick, and the plant receives nutrients through the water surrounding it, which can be both brackish and fresh.
The use of bacopa for an aquarium is that it is capable of absorbing organic matter dissolved in water, thereby cleansing it and preventing the growth of unwanted algae:
Due to the stiffness and fleshyness of the leaves, organic deposits and mineral fouling do not appear on the bakopa. The quality of the aquarium water Karolinskaya bacopa is picky, pollution with organic compounds does not affect the condition of the plant.
She loves the light very much, so the lighting should be set to the brightest, and the length of the daylight should be 10-12 hours. For this reason, Bacopa grows poorly in deep aquariums, to the bottom of which light does not reach.
With a sufficient level of illumination, the top of a plant can become bronze or even red.
The plant looks most impressive in low, half-filled aquariums – paludariums, which will mimic the natural habitat of Bacopa – warm bogs and shallow water.
Recommended water parameters:
- Temperature: 20-26 ° C. At lower temperatures, there is a gradual death of leaves and roots, growth slows down.
- Acidity: 6-7 pH.
- Stiffness: 2-8 ° dH. He does not like increased rigidity, leaves and stems begin to shrink and deform, and the color fades.
A few months after planting, the roots and the lower part of the bacopa may begin to die off. This problem is easily solved – the plant must be uprooted and remove the dead fragments.
In aquarium conditions it propagates mainly by cutting. In order to plant bakopu, it is enough to cut a 10 cm piece of the stem and place it in the ground.
After a few days, it will take root and grow.
To make Bacopa more beautiful, it is better to grow it in a warm, half-heated greenhouse.
In nature, it can multiply with the help of seeds that are formed from flowers that are above the surface of the water. Cannot self-pollinate, need cross-pollination.
In order to create a beautiful aquascape, it is best to use 4-5 stems of plants located in the background, at the edges or in a pot. Since bacopa grows fast enough and tends to the surface of the water, the tops of the stems can be cut, thereby stimulating the growth of fresh shoots, due to which the bush will look more luxuriant.
Bacopa is combined with all types of aquarium plants and does not compete with them for space or nutrients. Sometimes, from frequent cropping, it can grow in breadth, creating shaded areas.
But this problem is easily solved by cropping lateral stems.
One of the variants of its landing in an aquarium: long baccopy stalks are planted on the background, imitating dense thickets. In the foreground put low-leaf plants, such as anubias or cryptocoryn. In this case, the fauna can be populated with a variety of:
- Mollies and other fish that do not interrupt the soil and do not eat vegetation.
A well-chosen design gives the aquarium not only beauty and natural look, but also helps to save it from excess organic compounds. Thanks to such a plant as Bacopa Karolinska, it is not difficult to create an interesting aquascape that will require a minimum of effort from an aquarist.