An aquarium is not just a place where different types of fish live, it is also beauty, harmony in the owner’s home. To give the inhabitants natural protection and emphasize the abundance of the inhabitants of the reservoir, you need to “plant” there plants. Some plants can be artificial, but only a real flora can give the fish the necessary oxygen, clean the water in a natural way and simply turn an ordinary aquarium into a small underwater world.
Aquarium plants are not universal for all types of fish, they are chosen in accordance with the dimensions of the aquarium, temperature and light conditions, the requirements of water indicators.
Let’s see what plants are the most popular choice of modern aquarists.
1. Floating Riccia (Riccia Fluitans). The natural environment for the growth of Ricci is slow and standing water bodies.
It is a green plant without roots that floats on the surface of the water. It forms a large layer with twigs similar to forks, their thickness is about 1 millimeter.
Floating Riccia multiplies rather quickly, so from time to time a part of the plant should be removed from the aquarium so that the hare will not obscure the other flora of the aquarium. Reproduction occurs by dividing the branches.
As for the conditions: temperature should be 15-28, acidity 6-8, temporary hardness – up to 15, lighting – 0.4 W / l.
photo: Aquarium plant Floating Riccia (Riccia Fluitans)
2. Dark Green Rogolotnik (Ceratophyllum demersum). The natural habitat of growth are slow and standing water bodies.
This is a rootless plant with an elongated stem, on which there are whorls with leaves. The dissected leaves are very beautiful, in one whorl of a dark green honefois – 7-10 leaves.
In length can grow up to 80 centimeters. At leaf plate 2-4 tops. The advantage of this plant – rogolotnik cleans nitrate from the aquarium water, so it is better to plant it in a group.
It reproduces by cuttings, likes warm water – 24-26 degrees, hardness is 5-15, acidity – 6.2-7.5, illumination intensity of 0.3-0.4 W / l.
photo: Aquarium plant Dark Green Rogolodnik (Ceratophyllum demersum)
3. Wallisneria (Vallisneria). This family has many species.
The most popular ones are American, giant, twisted, spiral. American Wallisneria has a sheet plate, length from 20 to 20 cm, width – up to 1 cm, with small notches. The giant valisneria grows to 100-120 cm, the leaf width is up to 2 cm, the leaves, when they grow to the surface of the water, will spread along it.
Kruchenolistnayavallisneriya distributed in reservoirs of Vietnam and Japan, the length – up to 40 cm. The leaves are spiral-shaped, with highly twisted plates with notches.
Vallisneria twisted leaf does not tolerate rust. Spiral vallisneria has reddish or light green leaves, up to 80 cm long.
They can be twisted by a spiral, at the top – notches. It is recommended to plant in the foreground of the aquarium.
All Wallisnerias multiply by layering, the temperature of the water should be 22-28 degrees, the hardness – 6-15, the acidity – from 6.55 to 8. The lighting is intense, about 0.5 W / l.
Photo: Aquarium plant Vallisneria (Vallisneria)
4. Cryptocoryne (Cryptocoryne).
Apatogonolist cryptocoryne grows in the waters of the Philippines. Its rhizome is located horizontally or vertically, on it is a rosette with leaves.
The scape is red-brown, the total length of the leaf is up to 1 meter. The sheet plate is rough, wedge-shaped, with a sharp top, painted on top in a dark green color, on the bottom – lighter. Atomonautical kryptocorenine recommended to plant one by one.
Pontederiolifolnaya cryptocoryne comes from Sumatra and Kalimantan Peninsula. The leaf plate is ovoid, the length is up to 15 cm, the width is up to 7 cm. The top is sharp, and the base of the leaf is in the shape of a heart, and the ivy leaf cryptocoryne is put in groups.
Cryptocorynes by layering multiply, they like warm water – 20-28 degrees, acidity – 6-7.2, hardness 4-15, illumination 0.3-0.4. Weekly in the aquarium with cryptocoryne you need to change a quarter of the water.
Photo: Cryptocoryne Aquarium Plant
5. Indian fern (Ceratopteris thalictroides). It grows in water bodies in South-East Asia, East Africa, and North and South America. Roots fern in the ground, its height reaches 40 centimeters.
The leaf plate is painted in a light green color, on the stem you can see a rosette of leaves. Cirrus fern is better to plant alone, propagated by daughter plants.
As for the conditions in the aquarium, the fern is thermophilic: the temperature should be 22-28 degrees, the acidity – 6-7,2, the rigidity 6-12. Lighting – 0.4-0.5 W / L.
photo: Aquarium plant Indian fern (Ceratopteris thalictroides)
6. Java moss (Vesicularia dubyana). Java moss is a tropical plant, most commonly found in Southeast Asia. It grows up to 40 centimeters, on a branchy stem are leaves without petioles.
With the help of threadlike roots, Javanese moss can grow on hard objects. Sometimes it needs to be pulled out of the tank and rinsed thoroughly with warm water, as the plant reacts sharply to dirty water.
Temperature conditions should be 22-28 degrees, acidity – 5.8-7.3, hardness 2-15, illumination 0.3-0.4. The plant propagates by splitting off new shoots from the old plant.
photo: Aquarium plant Java moss (Vesicularia dubyana)
7. Water elodie (Egeria). The leafy elodieus grows in South America, it grows in the water column and is well rooted in the soil.
The stem of the plant is straight, with a large number of adventitious roots. On the stem you can see whorls with 3-5 leaves. The leafy elodiea grows to 60 cm or more, the leaf plates are painted in a light green color, sometimes slightly curled, the tip is pointed.
If the lighting is intense, aquarists can see white flowers. This kind of elodea requires frequent water changes.
Canadian Elodieus has a long, straight stem with whorls of 3 leaves each. The plates are oval in shape, their length is 1 cm.
It is recommended to plant a Canadian Elodieu group and carefully monitor the temperature. Elodieus reproduces by cutting, the temperature should be 20-24 degrees, the acidity is 6-7.8, the rigidity is up to 10, the illumination is 0.5-0.7 W / l.
photo: Aquarium plant Water Elodie (Egeria)
8. Lemna Minor. It prefers sluggish and stagnant ponds, floats on the surface. The plant has leaves, painted in a light green color, with a diameter of 5 mm, the root of the duckweed reaches a length of 7 cm. Many herbivorous fish eat duckweed, it cleans the aquarium water from suspensions well.
The plant is propagated by subsidiary shoots that grow on the edges of the leaf plates. The temperature can vary from 15 to 30 degrees, the acidity – from 6 to 8, the hardness can be 2-15, the lighting should have an intensity of 0.4 W / l.
photo: Aquarium plant Lemna small ( Lemna Minor)
9. Echinodorus (Echinodorus). Horizontal Echinodorus grows in the Amazon River, the plant has a short stem with a rosette of petiole leaves. The leaves grow to 35 centimeters, the plate has the shape of an egg, and the base is heart-shaped, the tip is pointed.
It is better to plant horizontal echinodorus alone. Small-color echinodorus has a short stem with long leaves.
Depending on the conditions, the size and shape of the plate may vary. Its base is wedge-shaped, with a pointed tip.
The herbaceous or tender echinodorus is distributed from the south of the USA to Paraguay. The plant is stemless, the leaf plate grows to 7 cm, the base of the leaf is in the form of a wedge, the tip is pointed.
This species is best planted with a group, it multiplies by layering, while the previous species are petioles and seeds. Echinodorus sensitive to water temperature: it should be warm – 22-28 degrees, acidity 6.5-8, hardness – 2-12, illumination 0.5-0.7 W / l.
photo: Aquarium plant Echinodorus (Echinodorus)
10. Ludwigia (Ludvigia). The arcuate lyudwig has a straight stalk, with stemless leaves, above the water, in the axils of the leaves, flowers grow.
The plant grows to 30 centimeters, the flowers are yellow, a month the plant can grow 10 cm. Creeping lyudvigia grows to 50 cm, the plant can have 3 forms of leaf plates: lanceolate, round and oval. In a week, crawling ludwigia can grow by 3-4 cm.
Representatives of this type breed by cuttings, the water temperature in the aquarium should be 20-28 degrees, acidity – 6-7.5, hardness – up to 12, intensity 0.4-0.5 W / l.
photo: Aquarium plant Ludwigia
If in your aquarium there is at least one of these plants, then you are in trend 🙂