Главная 7 Aquarium Plants 7 Aquarium plants – the most popular, beautiful and rare for novice aquarists

Aquarium plants – the most popular, beautiful and rare for novice aquarists

Every aquarist wants his home aquarium to be a real decoration in the room. To create the correct biological balance inside a closed reservoir, we need special instruments, decorations and plants.

Therefore, today we will talk about which plants for a novice aquarist are best chosen.

There are many benefits of living vegetation, but two main groups of functions can be distinguished:

  • impact on the hydrochemical parameters of the aquatic environment – nitrogen compounds are consumed from water, they are saturated with oxygen, the twigs and leaves serve as a refuge for the biofilter bacteria;
  • creating a favorable environment for fish and other animals – an additive to food, the formation of shelters for adults and young fish, the substrate for spawning.

There is also an aesthetic function. But let’s be fair: this is a matter of taste.

Some people like natural landscapes, while others like urban landscapes and lunar ones, and with the help of artificial elements, an aquarium can also be made very interesting.

Perhaps the only type of aquariums where it is objectively practically impossible to maintain living plants is tanks with very large fish, such as, for example, adult pterigoplichts, astronotuses and the like.

They destroy any young growth completely mercilessly and with a speed that excludes the possibility of its recovery, moreover, in such aquariums a very strong flow is created for the implementation of the required level of water purification, which the plants simply cannot transfer. And even in such cases, it is difficult to do without natural greenery; it is simply carried out outside, equipping plant filters.

So, without the plants in the aquarium is bad and difficult. So, we need to create conditions under which they can live in our home reservoir.

In general, not so much:

  • shine;
  • carbon dioxide;
  • macro- and microelements;
  • relevant water characteristics: temperature, acidity and hardness.

Only in the presence of all these elements in the right amount of grass and bushes will live, grow, decorate the aquarium and improve its ecology. However, the fact is that for some species it is very easy to create the necessary set of conditions, and for others, without having special equipment, skills, knowledge and experience, it is almost unreal.

Therefore, inexperienced aquarists when developing the phytodesign of their jar should try to choose hardy, unpretentious plants.

Now let’s talk about the plants that are most suitable for your first aquarium.

Moss Java is one of the most common plants in an aquarium. The plant is unpretentious, does not require special care, grows quickly and rarely dies – what a beginner aquascaper needs.

If you tie it to a stone, it will grow over the entire surface of your aquarium. This moss can float on the surface, so it must be attached to anything, so as not to swim away.

Appearance: low-growing plant, the type of “fluffy”.
Water parameters: 22-32 degrees Celsius. It grows most quickly at 22-23 degrees.
Lighting: grows in any light, but the most intensive growth with medium and bright light.
Application: decorating, covering the bottom, creating a carpet, protection and reproduction of some species of fish.

Cryptocoryne – a very common aquarium plant and one of the most unpretentious in the aquarium hobby. They adapt to the widest range of water parameters, perfectly tolerate hard water and can exist in soft water. Cryptocoryns on sale are of various types, there are truly excellent specimens suitable for both large and small / nano aquariums.

It grows with both weak and strong lighting.

Appearance: the most diverse species, differing in size, shape of leaves and color, from brown to green.
Water parameters: 18-30 degrees Celsius.
Lighting: grows best with average light.
Application: Depending on the type and size of the aquarium, it is used for the front, mid-range and background.

With this plant, the possibilities of aqua design are almost endless. Sintyg looks great on the background of stones, and also perfectly combined with dark soil or sand.

Sintag needle is incredibly fast and easy to breed, so easy that after landing a small island, you will very soon realize that your aquarium already needs weeding. Aquarists jokingly call this plant aquarium weed, because of its viability and indestructibility.

Appearance: the plant looks like grass, with small blade of grass. Easily forms a carpet in most aquatic environments.
Water parameters: maintains any parameters of water. It grows most quickly at 22-23 degrees.
Lighting: grows best in very bright light.
Application: an ornamental plant that blends best with stone and wood, emphasizing their beauty. Forms a carpet.

With this plant it is easy to create any aqua design. As well as synthag, Marsilia looks great on the background of stones and logs, and also looks great on dark ground.

It grows very quickly and after landing quite a bit of Marcilia you will soon get a chic carpet.

Appearance: It is very easy to distinguish from other plants in the form of leaves, similar to clover leaves. Easily forms a carpet in most aquatic environments.
Water parameters: maintains any parameters of water. It grows most quickly at 22-23 degrees.
Lighting: grows best with average light.
Application: a decoration that blends best with stone and wood, emphasizing their beauty. It forms carpeting and protects fish, fry and shrimp.

Very often used in the design of aquariums. It is easy to care for him, echinodorus grows very quickly and very beautifully.

It can be very effective if you plant it in the right place. This plant can reach a height of up to 20 cm, so it is better to plant it in the middle part of the aquarium or in the background.

Appearance: large spiky leaves.
Water parameters: grows best at 22-28 degrees Celsius.
Lighting: the fastest growth with average coverage.
Application: background decoration, decoration of equipment (filters, heaters, etc.).

A low, very unpretentious plant, with very slow growth (like all ferns). This plant has no analogues of appearance and is suitable for any design.

It can be planted in any part of the aquarium – it will look good anywhere.

Appearance: semi-striped wide leaves growing in a bundle.
Water parameters: grows best at 22-25 degrees Celsius.
Lighting: Fastest grows in low and medium light.
Application: decorating.

Anubias – one of the most attractive plants of the average plan. It tolerates almost any parameters and water quality quite well.

Its round curved leaves look great against the background of a stone, so Anubias is almost always present in aqua-design iwagumi. It grows very slowly, which can be a plus in aqua design – it does not require frequent haircuts.

In general, all Anubias look like decorative artificial flowers, apparently because of their hard leaves.

Appearance: curved, creeping stalk and half-round curved leaves.
Water parameters: It grows best at 22-25 degrees Celsius.
Lighting: grows best with average light.
Application: decorating, will look great anywhere in the aquarium.

This plant is rarely found in aquatic design just because its appearance resembles ordinary grass on the lawn, which we see every day. However, it is quite possible to use in the design, and if properly placed echinodorus gentle, it will look very good. This plant does not form a carpet, but can grow quite thickly.

It is very bright, often dazzling green and quite attractive. And it’s almost impossible to kill him.

Appearance: appearance is strikingly reminiscent of lawn grass.
Water parameters: Grows best at 22-25 degrees Celsius.
Lighting: grows best with medium and bright light.
Application: decorating, it will look good around the stones.

Hydrocotyl whitehead or thyroid (Hydrocotyle leucocephala)

White-headed Hydrocotila is a plant with an unusual round leaf-sized coin-sized, light green color very attractive and practically not killed. Hydrocotila white-headed extremely hardy aquarium plant, the best choice for beginners.

It grows well in low light, with strong it grows very quickly. Water carries both soft and hard, as well as a wide range of temperatures.

Under favorable conditions, regular pruning will be needed.

Appearance: round green leaves along the long stem.
Water parameters: grows best at 22-25 degrees Celsius.
Lighting: grows with both low and high light; with strong growth rapid.
Application: suitable for the background, and for the front.

The plant is medium-sized, growing up to a maximum of 8-12 cm. It is best to plant the arrowhead around stones and snags, it will be a great addition to them.

Appearance: bright, green, curved leaves.
Water parameters: grows best at 22-25 degrees Celsius.
Lighting: the fastest growth with average coverage.
Application: decoration, it will look good around the stones, snags.

  1. Lighting. For the full development of algae enough 1 Watt per 1 liter of water. Fluorescent lighting is considered most suitable for aquatic grasses, but in large aquariums it may not be enough. Proper lighting is needed for a particular plant.
  2. Priming must not go up, all components must be at the bottom of the aquarium. Must be present washed, not too fine sand. You can add a little gravel to saturate the water with oxygen. An important component of the substrate is peat. It makes water softer.
  3. Water 4–12 dH and PH 6.5 are considered optimal.
  4. Top dressing can be purchased at any specialty store. Fertilizers are necessary for aquarium inhabitants, since they contain a large number of useful microelements.

In the new aquarium does not need to immediately put too much green. If simple plants are chosen and placed in a suitable environment, they will quickly grow.

The distance between the bushes when planting should be 8-10 cm, the intervals will soon fill themselves. According to the general rules, high and lush vegetation is located at the back and side walls, low – in the foreground, medium bushes – in the center or closer to the corners.

You can bind to the bark and stones, and then add java moss and dwarf anubias. There must be enough space in the aquarium for free swimming of fish!

Many aquarists prefer to use artificial plants because they are less expensive. Now on the shops there is a huge selection of such substitutes for natural algae.

Artificial algae consists of plastic, polyamide and rayon. The ease of using layouts is that they do not need to be cut, thinned, add various fertilizers, etc.

Artificial plants can easily replace the natural, because they do not require care, durable, have different shapes and designs.

The choice is always the owner of the aquarium. The main thing is that the inhabitants of the “pool” should not feel discomfort in an artificial environment.

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