One of the main components of a properly arranged aquarium is aquarium plants. They perform a number of important functions in the fish habitat.
Provide enrichment of water with oxygen through photosynthesis. Among the thickets aquarium fish find refuge.
Future offspring is attached to the leaves of the female. It is also a source of additional food for some species of the inhabitants of the aquarium.
And finally, it is an important element of the interior, resembling the natural habitat of the fish.
Providing complete care for plants in the aquarium is easy, except for rare demanding species.
For this you need:
- pick up the lighting;
- follow the ground;
- add as needed fertilizer;
- check the condition of the water.
Light is a prerequisite for photosynthesis. Consider what requirements for lighting in plants.
There are those who love the light, but there is a more comfortable feeling in the shade.
The soil is laid up to 7 cm thick. It should be easy for the rooting process to pass quickly.
In industrial fertilizers that can be purchased in stores there is all the complex of minerals and macronutrients necessary for plants. Water should often be slightly acidic, but before planting a particular species, recheck requirements better.
The classification of plants in an aquarium is combined into the following types:
Next, briefly discussed the plants that are often planted in aquariums. If you want to know everything about aquarium plants, then for each name or a specific name you need to find more detailed information.
Undemanding to environmental conditions plant, whose powerful roots grow to 18-20 cm in length. Possesses large leaves, suitable for aggressive fish. Anubias Barter and the dwarf subspecies anubias nana are used in aquariums.
Nana grows up to 10-15 cm, prefers shady places in the pond.
Large grass for the background or corners of the tank. The plant of vallisneria is demanding of environmental conditions, check the parameters of water and make a substitution. In aquarium use three types: giant, dwarf and spiral.
It grows rapidly, can grow to 1.5-2 meters, creeps along the surface of the water. Trim the tips can not only thin out.
The second name of the species is Eichornia excellent. A plant with beautiful flowers that smell good. Comfortably grows in warm conditions (water temperature 25–29 degrees), loves greater illumination, install even additional lamps.
Perfectly filters water. For a hyacinth, it is necessary to leave a gap of 20 cm in size when the aquarium is closed above the surface of the water.
The white-headed hydrocotila (lat. Hydrocotyle leucocephala) is also called the Brazilian thyroid leaf. This is one of the most resistant plants of the aquarium, able to withstand serious changes in external conditions. Suitable for beginners.
It grows very quickly, spreads on the surface of the water. Small white flowers bloom there.
In bright light grow faster and vice versa. Need regular pruning.
About 90 species of hygrophil. This unpretentious aquarium thickets.
They hide fish fry. The more light, the faster the growth.
Powerful root system, large leaves, which become excessive red under excessive illumination. Requires periodic pruning.
The most popular species are: ivolist, lemongrass and red.
Very beautiful lush bushes that look great in the corners of the water tank. The original green and red leaves are multidirectional.
The root system is weak, you need to strengthen. Nimble, aggressive fish can damage the leaves.
Use for calm, slow-moving fish.
Large grass for a large aquarium. It grows up to 50 cm in length. It needs warm (more than 22 degrees) water, it turns yellow in cold.
For soil, use gravel, peat so that the grass gets the necessary substances.
Heat-loving bush, undemanding to environmental conditions. The form resembles a bouquet composed of 18–20 leaves. It grows up to 50 cm.
Loves to be the only species in the aquarium. Cryptocoryne Wendt – a great option for the foreground.
The representative of the genus of algae in the aquarium. Used to create a shadow in the tank. No roots, floating on the surface of the aquarium.
Gets all useful substances from water. Small leaves, measuring 2-3 cm, under good conditions can completely cover the surface of the water, therefore, it is necessary to thin out periodically.
Algae with a weak root system. It can be planted in the ground, and can drift on the surface of the aquarium.
Loves warm water, more than 22 degrees. Original leaves of greenish-red color.
With proper lighting, the colors are very bright. In aquariums, creeping Ludwigia (Ludwigia repens) is commonly used.
Plant covering the bottom, undemanding to the conditions of the external environment, is an excellent shelter for fry. The leaves consist of four spliced leaves similar to clover leaves.
For landing in the aquarium use Marsilia four-leaf (lat. Marsilea quadrifolia).
The second name is “flame.” The name is due to the external form.
Undemanding moss, which grows quickly, tightly adhering the stalk to the stalk. In the water when moving looks like a green flame.
Planted better at the bottom.
A type of water moss that grows only in full water. Moss phoenix is attached to the stones, interior elements, kryagam using rhizoids. Aquarists attach moss with glue or rubber bands, which are removed after rooting.
Leaves are like feathers. It dries out without water.
If placed in moisture, it quickly comes to life. Therefore phoenix.
Moss from Southeast Asia with pointed leaves densely placed on the stem, at an acute angle to it. It grows on snags, stones attaching to them.
Resistant to fluctuations in external conditions. In the aquarium, Javanese moss is recommended to be planted away from feeders to protect against contamination.
This species is also called Javanese. This aquarium plant will definitely suit the beginning aquarist. Very undemanding.
Survives in almost any conditions. Even with fish eating the leaves, for example, gold.
There are several popular types of Thai fern, which have leaves of various shapes.
Moss floating in the water column. It is necessary that the water temperature was 22 degrees and above, a sufficient level of illumination.
Regular replacement of 20% of water is a necessary condition for care. Used for spawning and shelter for fry, as well as shading.
Ricci has no roots, leaves, stems, only plates that expand strongly.
Belongs to species swimming in the water column. The main requirements: water temperature 20-30 degrees, bright light, but not direct sunlight.
Excellent filters aquarium water from dirt and nitrates.
Names due to the similarity with the branches of spruce. Very beautiful, does not require special conditions of detention.
When landing on snags as much as possible demonstrates its shape.
Algae, which is a small oval leaflets floating on the surface of the water. They love light, withstand significant temperature fluctuations.
Used for shading and as food for fish. Frayed, dried duckweed is an excellent source of vitamins.
Marsh grass, which represents bundles of thin leaves, pointing upwards, is 10–16 cm long. Eleocharis acicularis withstands temperature fluctuations, but the water should be soft, slightly acidic. Regular water changes are required.
The top of the plant should be on the air. Used for the foreground.
Styloid arrowhead (lat. Sagittaria subulata) is a plant with long, fleshy green leaves. In the middle of the sheet is clearly visible streak.
Grows up to 25 cm tall. It is not recommended to plant with other plants. Near them develops poorly.
It grows with different lighting modes. Compatible with aggressive fish, for example, cichlids.
Fast-growing algae, which can be planted in the ground or allowed to float freely in the tank. It grows up to 2 meters, so it requires regular pruning. Thin green leaves form a lancet.
They are eaten by goldfish and mollies.
Fast-growing marsh grass. Does not have stems. Long dark green leaves grow immediately from the roots.
In favorable conditions, bloom. Need good lighting and CO2.
Breeders and now derive new subspecies.
- Amazonian echinodorus amazonicus;
- gentle echinodorus tenellus;
- Echinodorus serdtselisty;
- yarrow, etc.
For full care of aquarium plants, check the parameters of lighting, soil and water. The requirements for light in different species are different.
For algae the rate of 1 Wat per 1 liter. Others need bright lighting, a certain temperature, acidity. Periodically measure water indicators indicators.
In the ground use medium sand and gravel for aeration. If necessary, fertilize plants with fertilizer.
Before planting in the ground, clean each plant of adhering dirt, hold in a solution of potassium permanganate for 15–20 minutes, or rinse with hydrogen peroxide solution. Next, rinse with water and land.
When planting in the soil make sure that the roots were directed downwards, do not bend. Plant large, spreading bushes near the rear wall.
Medium sized plants on the sides or in the center. Covering the bottom and small sit in front.
And near the lamps of those that love bright lighting.
Algae, bushes and grass in the aquarium play an important, but not the main role. Therefore, land according to need. Bushes should not interfere with the movement of active fish, for example, huge bushes will hinder the movement of chromis.
For spawning, when larvae attach to leaves, plant 2–3 shrubs with large leaves.
Aquarium lighting plays an important role. Without it, the process of photosynthesis does not occur, and as a result the fish do not receive enough oxygen.
For this purpose, use:
- fluorescent lamps;
- energy saving;
- incandescent lamps;
- metal halide lamps.
There are lamps with ultraviolet spectrum, under which the plants develop better. Which preference depends on the fish in the aquarium, the plants planted and the financial possibilities.
Non-natural aquarium plants are used in fish houses next to living ones. They do not require care at all. The disadvantage is that they accumulate algae and microorganisms harmful to fish.
Although for fish species that destroy plants, artificial algae is the way out. But they can not be considered a full-fledged replacement of the living.
When planting plants in the aquarium follow the rules of compatibility. Together place the algae with similar requirements for the environment and compatible with fish. Separate landings divide snags or obstacles.
First, plant species that are rooted in the ground, and then floating in the water column and on the surface.
Aquarium plants breed in two ways: vegetatively and seeds. The first option is the main one. It includes: the division of the plant, cuttings, processes.
To propagate from the parent plant, separate the stalk or process that you plan to plant and place in the ground. Or place in water until roots appear, and then transplant into the ground.
About violation of habitat conditions in the aquarium tells the appearance of plants. On this basis, determine the following problems:
- slow growth indicates carbon deficiency;
- blackening of the roots – excessive compaction of the soil, need to replace the substrate;
- leaf flying – lack of phosphorus;
- thin stems, pale leaves – poor lighting;
- excessively small leaves – the ratio between temperature and light is disturbed;
- leaves turn yellow and redden – lack of nitrogen;
- poor plant appearance – the chemical composition of the water is disturbed, a substitution is needed.
When buying algae, inspect the appearance: the presence of dry, damaged fragments, rot. Do not buy aquarium plants that are yellow, reddish or looking sick.
Avoid buying in obscure markets from unreliable vendors. Contact specialized stores or experienced aquarists.
After the purchase, allow the algae to acclimatize in separate tanks. And only then transplant to the aquarium.
Properly selected plant component of the aquarium makes it possible to solve several problems.