Anubias nana is a plant suitable for beginner aquarists. Anubias differs from other aquarium plants in its simplicity in maintenance and unpretentiousness.
Another name is Dwarf, the species received due to slow growth. This fact makes Anubias even more suitable for beginners, because he does not need to constantly trim and create a certain shape.
Habitat in the wild – tropics in Africa.
Anubias nana – subspecies of Anubias Barter, which is able to grow in water and on land. The description of anubis was first taken up by A. Enger. This low plant is not more than 16 cm long, having a structure in the form of a small bush.
It does not grow in height, but it can cover the entire bottom of the aquarium. The leaves are single attached to short and fragile stems, have an oval shape. The size of the plant is about 5 cm.
Large leaves form a dense layer of greenery, the appearance of which is particularly prominent on the ground or snags. The roots are powerful, but not too deep into the ground, but diverge around.
The plant is characterized by endurance to changing environmental conditions, as well as stress resistance.
In nature, the plant lives in the shady part of water bodies with a weak current or lack thereof: swamplands, streams, rivers, lakes.
This family includes many species of Anubias:
- Afzeli or Afzelius.
- Dwarf or nana.
- Congolese or Reznolistny.
- Barter Nana.
- Barter variegated.
- Nana Petit
- Nana golden or golden.
We describe the most common species among aquarists.
It grows along water bodies and is usually completely located in water, it takes root more often in roots and trunks of trees or among stones. It was first discovered in the tropics of Cameroon.
Plant growth does not exceed 15 cm. A bushy plant with short petioles, on which there are 1 leaf each 5 cm in size. The root system is powerful and branched.
Stiff leaves prevent eating by fish and other creatures.
Anubias Barter Nana loves the shady places around the marshes and rivers of the central and western parts of Africa. In height reaches 30 cm.
It grows slowly. The leaves are large and elongated, compared with other types of thick.
The upper part of the sheet is glossy and the bottom is velvety. The color of the leaves varies in different shades of green.
The root system is developed, the roots are thick, well dig into the ground.
Anubias nana petit bred by breeders from Singapore. As it grows, it forms low dense thickets. Size does not exceed 5 cm.
The leaf color is dark green, and the shape is elongated and elongated. It is desirable to land in the foreground, where Nana Petit will look more advantageous.
A type of plant nana, bred by breeders. Differs in a golden-green color of young leaves, which subsequently darken and turn green. Height does not exceed 10 cm.
When planting do not deepen strongly the roots, otherwise they will begin to rot. Presentable looks on snags or large stones.
Herbivorous fish do not like Nana Golden, so it goes well with fish.
With proper care in the aquarium content, Nana grows quickly and has a healthy appearance.
It tolerates changing environments without an adaptation period.
The look adapts to any volumes and forms. It is planted in nano aquariums, and in tanks of several hundred liters.
Anubias Nana prefers water with very low hardness, will not die in hard water, but will stop development and growth. Almost any acid is suitable, but it is better not to exceed 6–9 pH.
The plant survives with fluctuations in temperature from 18 to 35 degrees. But if possible, maintain a comfortable for Nana temperature of 23-26 degrees.
Anubias Nana prefers shaded areas, both in nature and in an aquarium, but also feels rather well under diffused light. The light produced by incandescent bulbs does not carry well due to excessive brightness.
Anubias nana has a branching root system called creeping. Coarse sand, pebbles, crushed stone of medium size are suitable for such a root system.
On the substrate should be a layer of silt. Choose a soil whose soil particles do not have sharp edges and chips.
Smooth particles will not damage the delicate roots of the plant.
Anubias does not need enhanced aeration, but if possible, install a compressor so that the plant develops more intensively. In the absence of a compressor, its role is well performed by an aerator.
Turbid water adversely affects the development of the plant, because the soil particles are deposited on the leaves and prevent gas exchange and photosynthesis. A powerful filter ensures that the water is kept clean at all times.
If there is no proper level of filtration, then the pores are clogged, Nana will wilt, lose its bright color.
For enhanced growth of Anubias, create conditions close to the natural habitat. This is especially true of the temperature, which is desirable to maintain at 25 degrees.
Still provide the softest water possible. In such conditions, the plants will begin to rapidly grow in size.
If the plant has grown too much, the excess parts are removed by trimming. Find the leaf growth point and cut the regrown part. Cutting a few leaves will not affect the well-being of the plant.
If you want to remove most, then carefully cut off the shoot near the rhizome. Keep track of the condition of the plant, since the removal of large parts of the plant sometimes has a detrimental effect, especially on an old plant.
Mineral and nutritious top dressing is not required provided that they are kept together with the fish. In herbal aquariums, add additional nutrients and elements to the soil.
For planting, put the bush on the bottom. Do not bury the roots in the ground, but leave them near the surface, lightly sprinkling on top of the substrate or crushing stones.
If you plan to root the bush on the bark or stones, then tie the roots with a scaffold or fix it with other objects. A month later, the plant firmly rooted in the surface.
For transplantation is not required to create special conditions. Dig up the bush, trying not to damage the roots, and move to a new place.
Anubias flower looks like a white spattered up wrapped with a white leaf. Externally, it resembles a miniature copy of a terrestrial plant spathiphyllum.
The height of the flower is 5 cm. Pollination occurs only on the surface.
With its help various design decisions are created. It acquired special value in aquascape.
Nana plant is compatible with almost all types of fish due to its adaptability to different conditions. Its leaves are too hard to be harmed by herbivores.
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They are incompatible with fish who like bright direct light or with too cold-loving fish.
Vegetative reproduction is widespread, that is, the separation of shoots and their transfer to a new place. Seed propagation is also possible, but more difficult.
Find a side shoot in the bush, which formed the buds, and then the roots. When a root system has formed in the process, separate it and transplant it.
Anubias decorates the aquarium as a point, and becomes an important element in the creation of complex compositions in aquascaping. The plant is most often planted in front in the foreground.
Because of its ability to grow thickly, Nana is used to simulate valleys. And in combination with tall herbs in the background, the aquarium visually stretches and expands.
Positive qualities of nana:
- Stress resistance.
- Vegetative reproduction.
Negative qualities of the plant:
- Slow growth in hard water.
- Nutritious soil is necessary in the absence of fish.
- The habitat should preferably be close to the tropics.
Despite the disadvantages, Nana will still be popular among aquarists, beginners and experienced.