Zebra fish

maintenance, care, compatibility

One of the most popular fish among aquarists, preferring the endemics of Lake Malawi, is the pseudotrophic zebra cichlid. In the wild, this fish has about 50 different color variations. The following forms of coloring are especially common: blue and blue, gray, yellow-orange (yellow-orange female and blue male), double red zebra (red female and red male).

These cichlids belong to the group of Malawian mbuna cichlids.

Among aquarian inhabitants, red zebras of fish and mbunas with other coloring options are considered relatively large. In this case, it is the red least zadirista. The length of their body when kept in captivity can reach 15 cm.

In nature, the fish is somewhat smaller – about 8 cm. The body of the aquarium fish is slightly compressed from the sides and elongated.

Dorsal fin is long. The anal fin is decorated with yellow specks with black edging.

On the body can be from 7 to 9 strips. The color of fish is significantly influenced by conditions of detention and age.

This fish has rather large eyes and thick lips, and in adult males there is a fat pad on the forehead.


Psevdotrofeus zebra: content, compatibility, photo-video review

Order, family: tsikhlovye.

Comfortable water temperature: 24-28 ° C

Ph: 7.2-8.5.

Aggressiveness: 60% are aggressive.

Compatibility: with cichlids.

Description:

Homeland psevdotrofeusa zebra – Africa, Malawi lakes.

Psevdotrofeus zebra has an elongated and slightly compressed on the sides of the body. The fish has a large head and big eyes.

Its size in an aquarium is up to 15 cm. The color of a vsevdotrofeus is variable – more than 50 color options.

The most common are white, blue, red, orange-red female and blue male, yellow-orange with brown spots. In addition, it should be borne in mind that the color of the fish depends on age and well-being.

Like many cichlids, the pseudo-trophy zebra is a territorial, aggressive and hierarchical fish.

Psevdotrofeusu zebra requires an aquarium of 150 liters.

Comfortable parameters for water content: hardness 4-20 °, pH 7.2-8.5, temperature 24-28 ° C. Need aeration and filtration, recommended weekly replacement of up to 1/3% of the volume of water.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.

Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.

In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.

Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Cultivation and reproduction of zebra pseudo-trophy:

Puberty of these aquarium fish comes after 8 or even 12 months after birth. Even in the general aquarium it is possible to be engaged in breeding a pseudo-trophy of a zebra, however, in this case, the bottom of a house reservoir has to be added with drainage tubes with large openings.

It is necessary to have drainage pipes in such a way that they can be clearly seen from any point.

For one tag, the female pseudotropheus gives from 40 to 100 eggs, each with a diameter of about 4 mm. For 17-21 days, the female of these cichlids spawn in her mouth. And then the “birth” of young cichlids takes place.

Artificial incubation of zebra pseudo-trophy corpus is also permissible.

Feeding the fry at the beginning is necessary for small plankton. And the color of the kids is unlikely to be able to please the fan of observation of the aquarium fish.

It is rather ordinary, monotonous, and gray and brown tint prevail in it. However, you shouldn’t worry about it, because in half a year it will change, and it will be similar to that characteristic of a pseudotrophyus zebra.

Psevdotrofeus zebra: features of the species and its reproduction. How to care for fish in an aquarium?

How to start choosing aquarium fish? Determine your priorities: which fish would you like to watch every day?

Not too small, but also small, bright colors, quite active and moderately aggressive? Then you should pay attention to the aquarium zebra.

An amazing type of fish called pseudo-trophy zebra can decorate any home aquarium. This species was compared to a black and white namesake due to the presence of characteristic transverse black stripes.

In nature, there are small fish of this species of various colors, but for aquariums most often choose blue or red zebra.

Pseudo-trophic zebra fishes belong to the cichlid family. The natural habitat of their habitat is Africa, or rather lake Malawi.

In their natural environment, these fish prefer to choose stony places rich in algae.

Aquarium zebra is perfect for young children to get acquainted with the world of fish: its appearance is fully consistent with the presentation and drawings of children. This fish has an elongated body, big head and eyes, full lips.

The size of a zebra can vary depending on gender and color, but rarely exceeds 15 cm in length.

The color of this species of fish is extremely interesting and radically different in sex and age. Psevdotrofeus zebra blue male has a color from bright blue to rich blue.

Also, an adult male can be distinguished by the presence of a characteristic fat pad on the forehead. About the age of the male of this species can also be judged by color. The bright blue color of the male zebra fades with age and becomes less saturated.

A female of the same species is distinguished by a pale yellow color; it may have specks on dark-brown fins.

Psevdotrofeus zebra red can be painted in shades of red: from rich scarlet to variations of red-orange. In this species of fish, the fry of the male and the female sex from birth differ in the color of the color.

Males are born dark red, almost brown, and females – pale pink.

In what conditions does aquarium zebra live comfortably?

Pleasant neighborhood: with whom else can you place a zebra in an aquarium?

Lakes of Africa – is the birthplace of pseudo-trophy. The discoverer of the species was Stuart Grant.

In general, a representative of this community can live anywhere, the main thing is the presence of the favorite algae aufvuks, small stonyness for shelter and not fast water. In the natural environment, typical representatives feed on insect larvae, nymphs, crustaceans and snails, ticks, and everything that zooplankton is rich in.

Not a single species of fish out of 12 is listed in the Red Book, thanks to its irrepressible ability to reproduce. What, by the way, will convince any aquarist who has created good conditions for spawning their pets.

The huge life span (up to 10 years) is not the only advantage that the red zebra has. This elongated proportional torso, a different color of the sexes, the length of 8 cm and bright temper.

As a rule, aquarium individuals are much more than their natural counterparts, this should be taken into account when choosing pets.

The lakes of African Malavia are home to cichlids, characterized by a huge variety of forms and colors. Due to this, many of them became inhabitants of aquariums, including pseudotrophyus zebra.

The fish belongs to the mbuna group, which feed on zooplankton and plant food. However, despite the diet, this cichlid has a snooty and aggressive character.

But then she has a catchy appearance and a wide variety of colors (about 50 options).

Very often there are red fish, less often striped – white and blue individuals. And the most spectacular, pleasant and delicate color has a fish with a corresponding name – pseudotrophus zebra is yellow.

In length, the fish grow to 15 cm, and because of the territorial nature require a fairly large aquarium with a capacity of 100 liters.

Water in it must be rich in oxygen and clean, with a temperature of 24-28C, hardness of 4-20 °, pH 7.2-8.5. Be sure to require good aeration, powerful filtration and water change once a week (up to 25%).

An aquarium for this type of fish is usually designed in a rocky style, according to their natural habitats.

Fish psevdotrofeus different enviable appetite and prone to obesity. Therefore, to avoid problems with the health of the pet, it is best to be very attentive to the feed.

And for prevention, you can even leave pets for one day without food.

The diet of zebras is quite simple. Approximately 70% is vegetable food, which can be prepared from scalded and finely chopped plantain leaves, dandelion, lettuce, nettle.

Food of animal origin is daphnia, cyclops, koretra. You can also give small pieces of seafood.

In addition, as a supplement use small pellets of black bread.

Cichlid pseudo-trophus zebra, as already mentioned, is a rather aggressive fish, therefore they are kept in groups of one male and several females (3-4). Puberty zebras reach 12 months.

But they still reach the peak of reproduction later, by one and a half years.

Color gets the most spectacular look, too, at this age. Males are larger than females, and on the anal fin they have yellow specks with a black border.

Since males are very actively pursuing females, it is desirable for the latter to equip several shelters. The calf female incubates in the mouth for three weeks.

And then releases already formed fry.

One of the most popular fish among aquarists, preferring the endemics of Lake Malawi, is the pseudotrophic zebra cichlid. In the wild, this fish has about 50 different color variations. The following forms of coloring are especially common: blue and blue, gray, yellow-orange (yellow-orange female and blue male), double red zebra (red female and red male).

These cichlids belong to the group of Malawian mbuna cichlids.

Among aquarian inhabitants, red zebras of fish and mbunas with other coloring options are considered relatively large. In this case, it is the red least zadirista. The length of their body when kept in captivity can reach 15 cm.

In nature, the fish is somewhat smaller – about 8 cm. The body of the aquarium fish is slightly compressed from the sides and elongated.

Dorsal fin is long. The anal fin is decorated with yellow specks with black edging.

On the body can be from 7 to 9 strips. The color of fish is significantly influenced by conditions of detention and age.

This fish has rather large eyes and thick lips, and in adult males there is a fat pad on the forehead.

It must be said that the pseudo-trophy zebra is very aggressive. Even the most tranquil red zebras are cichlids that require very thoughtful and serious selection of neighbors when kept in a common aquarium. The main recommendation for owners is to keep pseudo-trophies of red zebras only together with other Malawian cichlids.

The most advantageous design of an aquarium for keeping fish is imitation of the natural conditions of their habitat. A rocky bottom replicating Malawi’s underwater cliffs is the best option.

It is in an aquarium designed in such a way that cichlids will look the most advantageous.

For the maintenance of these fish, differing in the most interesting behavior and bright color, a sufficiently large aquarium is needed – from 150 liters and more. It is this volume that is minimally required for the normal life of several aquarium fish Pseudotrophyus Zebra. For these fish, clean and oxygen-rich water is important, which means installing an internal filter with good performance and a compressor is absolutely essential.

Temperature range, comfortable for mbun 24 – 26 ° С. For this cichlid, suitable water with a pH of 7.2 – 8.5 and a hardness of 8 – 20 °.

Weekly water changes are very important. At the same time should be replaced about 25% of the total volume of the aquarium.

If you succeed in achieving optimal conditions for keeping, this aquarium fish may well live up to 6 years in an aquarium.

Cichlids living in groups of 1 males from females will feel most comfortable. At the same time in an aquarium it is worthwhile to organize quite secluded corners. This is necessary so that the females can hide from the male’s persecution.

It is important to remember about the territoriality of the aquarium fish red zebra and mbun other colors. The jaws are equipped with very sharp teeth, which float not only for food.

Red or blue zebras are aquarium fish that can easily attack and take flight from larger opponents.

Maturity fish reaches the end of the first year of life. In aquarium fish zebras red, blue and other colors males are somewhat larger, their dorsal fin is noticeably sharpened.

The best producers are cichlids, which are 1.5 years old.

Since these aquarium fish take care of their caviar, it is not necessary to plant them in spawning to breed. The red zebra, like other color variations of this fish, keeps the eggs in the mouth for three weeks. If you plan to breed blue fish, it is important to know that artificial incubation is possible.

Female pseudo-trophies of zebra blue and other colors lay up to 100 eggs. Their number is influenced by age and conditions of detention.

After that, fully formed fry appear from the eggs. All fry of cichlid blue zebra, gray, yellow-orange and others have a rather nondescript gray-brown color.

Only after six months of life they will acquire the characteristic color of scales and fins. The red zebra in this plan has certain differences.

Fry – female zebra fish red yellow-orange. Blue color of young males is manifested only in adulthood.

The first 6 months they have a gray color. The main food for fry is zooplankton.

Psevdotrofeus Pindani – blue cichlid from Lake Malawi

Psevdotrofeus Pindani, also known as Psevdotrofeus Sokolfa, is a small fish from the family of cichlids living in the shallow waters of Lake Malawi, located in Africa. Fish lovers are attracted by interesting behavioral features that make Pindani activities intelligent and meaningful.

In nature, there are two variants of color: completely blue fish or fish with a blue body and fins, with blue stripes in the upper part of the dorsal, on the anal and ventral fin. The appearance of Pindani made these fish very popular among amateur hobbyists.

The males of Pindani grow to 10–12 centimeters in length, and the females are somewhat smaller: only 8–9 centimeters. It is curious that the fish have no pronounced color differences between males and females: both of them have scales of bluish tint, which, when they reach puberty at about 10 months, acquires delicate violet tones.

How to distinguish between males and females

As a rule, males are much larger than females in size. Also, the differences can be seen if you carefully examine the anal fin fish. In males, it is longer and may have spots of yellow color.

Males also differ from females in more powerful fins, which allow them to feel more confident in the fight with other males.

Habitat in nature

In nature, these fish are found only in one place: in the shallow waters of Lake Malawi, located in the country of the same name. Locals call Pindani and other similar fish “mbuna”, that is, “rock inhabitant”.

This name is connected with the fact that the fish spends its whole life in the crevices of rocks and on coastal reefs.

Content in an aquarium

Pindani feel most comfortable when the conditions of the fish are close to natural. This means that in an aquarium fish should be able to hide in specially equipped artificial reefs or rocks.

The minimum volume of an aquarium that is suitable for keeping a small group of fish is 120 liters, while its length should not be less than 80 centimeters.

It is very important to maintain a constant thermal regime in the aquarium. For Pindani, a comfortable water temperature is in the range of 24–27 degrees. And the pH of the water should be in the range of 7.6 to 8.8. A prerequisite for the correct water content is to replace it within about 1/3.

It is also necessary to regularly aerate and filter water.

In order for the Pindani to feel good and live in captivity up to 5 years, their food should be varied: not only dry food, but also live food should be included in the diet. When choosing food, it is necessary to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a fish, as well as its gender, age and special conditions (spawning period).

It is important to understand that the fish in their gastronomic preferences are vegetarians, and their diet should be 60% of the plant food.

Now in pet stores you can find a large number of different dry feeds for Pindani, but some lovers feed them with green peas, greens, pumpkin and other vegetables that need to be scalded with boiling water before they treat the fish.

Order, family: tsikhlovye.

Comfortable water temperature: 24-28 ° C

Ph: 7.6-8.8.

Aggressiveness: 50% are aggressive.

Compatibility: with cichlids.

Description:

Homeland – Lake Malawi.

A multicolored pseudo-tropheus has an elongated and slightly compressed body. Fish size up to 10 cm.

Males have a purple-blue body color.
Males in appearance are very close to the Pindan pseudotrophus, and therefore it is undesirable to keep them together.

Fish moderately aggressive. Do not plant them to the peaceful fish.

The best neighbors will be similar cichlids (for example, a parrot).

The minimum volume of the aquarium for a small group of 110 liters.

Comfortable parameters of water for the content: 24-28C, pH 7.6-8.8, dGH 10-25 °. Need aeration and filtration, recommended weekly replacement of up to 1/3% of the volume of water.

Psevdotrofeus multi-colored omnivorous: uses live, dry and frozen food, substitutes. Feeding based on plant foods is recommended.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse.

CYCLUS – AS A CORRECTLY RUNNING, COMPLETE MANUAL.

A clever hunter – a lion fish – prefers loneliness. She violently stands up to protect the chosen possessions. The lionfish mercilessly banishes all competitors from them, including their relatives.

Males are prone to excessive aggression.

Predator quickly migrates. She is often met in an unusual habitat for her. Such migration causes serious concern among environmental scientists.

These fish of the Red Sea, photos of which are unusual and colorful, are invasive.

Voracious predators, experiencing the boom of the population explosion, are rapidly destroying the young populations of indigenous animals living in coral plantations. They strongly knocked down the number of parrots, swallows and other small fish.

Ichthyologists believe that the complete confusion befell the local individuals because of a misunderstanding of where the threat comes from.

Lion fish are very prolific. The female is able to sweep up to 30,000 eggs.

After several days the larvae hatch. At first, plankton serves as food.

One-and-a-half and two-centimeter individuals move to the bottom lifestyle.

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Among the bizarre cliffs and intricately interwoven reefs of the Red Sea, intricately carved with crevasses and grottoes, a multitude of underwater living creatures has found an excellent abode. On the rocks and reefs, which took the form of giant pillars and fungi, coexist communities, which include a variety of animals, mollusks and fish of the Red Sea.

Photos show stunningly beautiful landscapes of his underwater world.

The coastal strip of the Red Sea, riddled with fabulously beautiful cliff-reef reliefs, stretched for at least 2000 kilometers. About 200 varieties of corals have been established in its open spaces, countless sponges, jellyfish, starfish.

The richness of flora and fauna has provided the sea with the immutable status of a natural world aquarium. There are dolphins, lionfish, sea turtles, sharks and other animals.

In the kingdom of coral reefs, echinoderms, mammals, arthropods, intestinal cavities, bony and cartilaginous fish dominate.

This fish, besides its name, has a couple more. Her name is also the lionfish, zebra.

Fish, rich in names, got them for a reason. Each reflects its characteristic features.

The fins of the animal, assembled from mobile flexible bands in the form of bright fans, dissolve, forming a mane that looks like a lion. This feature was the cause of the name “lion fish”.

The second name is due to the fish wide gray, brown and red stripes, decorate its small body. Strips like a zebra – great! Let’s call the colorful predator “zebra fish”.

The third nickname, the most romantic, appeared thanks to pectoral fins. Painfully, they are similar in shape to bird wings.

So sea beauty and began to be called “lionfish”.

The genus Otocinclus includes about 20 species of fish. Their homeland is Brazil, South America, where these fish are found in cool, fast-flowing rivers with water containing a large percentage of oxygen.

All fish of the genus Otozinclus have a streamlined, slightly flattened calf and a special structure of the oral apparatus.

Their mouth looks like a kind of sucker, with which the fish can, without fear of rapidity of flow, scrape the plants and small river animals from the stones.

Ototsinklyusy different peace-loving nature, they are very social – prefer to live, feed and breed in packs. The family of otsinklyusov can actively scour in search of food, and then peacefully “graze” when each fish chooses a plant or an overgrown pebble.

Otocinclus Cocama (Cocama otozinclus) is a member of the family of chain catfish, inhabitant of the Maranon and Ucayali rivers (South America, Peru). The fish owes its name to the tribe of the Indians Cocama, living in the valleys of these rivers.

These fish are small, about 4 cm in length. For life, they need very clean water – nitrogen compounds in water are destructive for them.

Beautiful fish have an unusual color, corresponding to the second name of the fish – Zebra Otocinclus. As a rule, the fish are painted in gray-white wavy stripes, which, however, may not always be present in the color of otozinclus-zebra.

Identifying a male or female is problematic; it is easiest to do this when a couple has already formed. Females are larger and more dense.

The fishes have a curious character – if they are not busy searching for food, they move around the aquarium, carefully studying its walls, vegetation, and inspect their neighbors. The peaceful disposition and phlegm, which distinguishes zebra ottsinklyus, causes the owners to be very careful when choosing neighbors in the aquarium.

The most active individuals simply eat small zebras, leaving them without food. Zebra-otozincluses serve as growths that appear on the walls of aquariums, scenery and algae.

Clean water and food – the main tasks for aquarists who have decided to start these cute freshwater fish. If there is no algae in the aquarium, you can feed the fish with pieces of soaked vegetables – hard vegetables are too coarse for their tender mouths-suckers.

Ototsinkly zebra prefers to live in the bottom layers, emerging to the surface for an additional portion of air. During the day, the fishes sleep off, go out for food at night.

So feed them better in the evening.

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