maintenance, care, compatibility
Labidochromis gallow (lat. Labidochromis caeruleus) is a dwarf fish of the family Cichlids (Cichlidae), belongs to the genus Mbun. Other names: yellow labidochromis, hummingbird cichlid, Tanganyika fish, Canarian cichlid.
In fact, there are more than a dozen scale color options. In the natural environment they live on a rocky bottom, a territorial character, but less aggressive towards cichlids, which have a dull color.
Labidochromis yellow was first described in the 50s of the twentieth century. As a member of the Mbuna clan, it is endemic to the African Lake Malawi. Due to the wide range of habitats in different parts of the lake, labidochromis has a wide variety of external color: from white to lemon yellow and blue.
Labidochromis Yellow “Electric” is found only off the coast of Nkata Bay, and in the areas of Lyons Cove and Charo islands. Mbuna cichlids live at a depth of 10-30 meters with a rocky bottom.
Live in a couple or alone. The diet consists of live food.
Like many African cichlids, the labidochromis is characterized by an oval, elongated symmetry of the body. In the wild environment they grow up to 8 cm long, the aquarium fish reaches a length of 10-12 cm.
Lifespan in captivity: 5-10 years. The most popular labidochromis in the aquarium are yellow and electric electric.
Look at the color of labidochromis jelly.
The fish has a pronounced sexual dimorphism: males are determined by the intensity of the color of scales, the shape of the abdominal and anal fin, which stand out against the background of the body. On the yellow dorsal fin, a black horizontal strip is noticeable; in adulthood, it passes over to the face and abdomen.
The eyes are also yellow, with a vertical black stripe in the middle. The jaws of adult males are powerful and protrude.
The content of recessive males is more complicated; their body color is almost the same as that of females. The abdominal and anal fin are female yellow.
Females mature more slowly than males, which causes difficulties in breeding.
Labidochromis Yellow is a very popular fish, which both beginners and experienced aquarists prefer to keep, because it has a more peaceful and calm disposition. These cichlids are not satisfied with the constant fights, clashes and territorial disputes.
Aggression occurs during the spawning period, when females are not ready for breeding – the males can drive them and frighten them greatly. The aquarium should be spacious – a pair of adult fish requires a tank capacity of 250 liters.
The content of labidochromis is possible in water with stable parameters. Allowable water temperature is 24-28 degrees Celsius, acidity of the water environment is 7.6-8.5 pH, water hardness is 7-8o.
The quality content of the fish is impossible without the presence of decorations: it is necessary to design an artificial reservoir with snags, stile-leaved plants (wallisternia, elodiea), grottoes, and other shelters. The bottom of the tank should be laid out with sand and coral chips. You can put in the aquarium processed decks of wood, which will acquire algae.
Cichlids eagerly eat them. The creation of a rocky corner resembling a natural biotope is welcomed.
But the breed should be smooth and processed.
The maintenance of the fish labidochromis is not difficult in the general aquarium, since compatibility is possible with the herbivorous Mbun cichlids. Compatibility with small fish negative, will be perceived as food.
It is not recommended to settle fish of the same bright color to them. They can live with catfish synodontis, aulonocars, some lampologists.
Get along with neighbors who are ready to stand up for themselves.
Watch a video on how to keep labidochromis.
Yellow fish – basic rules for care and maintenance
One of the most beautiful medium-sized aquarium fish is labidochromis ellou. She belongs to the family of African cichlids.
This breed has several variants of names, hummingbird cichlid or labidochromis yellow.
Habitat in the natural environment – shallow ponds and lakes of Malawi, the depth of which reaches 40-50 meters. In the wild, labidochromis yellow has a delicate blue color that allows it to merge with water, protecting itself from larger fish. To meet the yellow fish is real luck.
This was the impetus for the adaptation of the breed to the aquarium life.
Aquarium fish a few more free brothers. Due to proper maintenance and timely feeding, they can reach 12 centimeters in length, while free ones are no longer than 8. With proper care, life expectancy can reach 10 years. It is not difficult to distinguish a male from a female.
They are larger, and the fins are bright black with a beautiful yellow rim. Females are paler. If you choose your fish from the aquarium with a large number of fish, you must be careful.
Strong males oppress the weak, with the result that the latter lose their color brightness and become indistinguishable from females.
The yellow labidochromis is not picky about the conditions of detention, so even a novice can cope with them.
First of all, it is necessary to provide a pet with space for movement. Each fish should have from 75 to 100 liters of water. The ideal situation is to create an aquarium with one male for 4-5 females.
One of the main features of the fish is a peaceful existence among its own kind.
- Hardness 19-21Hp,
- Temperature 26 degrees
- Acidity 7-8,5pH,
- Weekly topping up water
- Availability of filtration and aeration systems.
At the bottom of the aquarium should be placed sand, small pebbles or marble chips. Among the decorations are very welcome those that correspond to the natural place of stay. Aquarium fish will be happy if it will have the opportunity to swim between large stones, rocks, grottoes.
Plants in the aquarium are not necessary, but if you still want to put them there, then give preference to hard-leaved species. If you take the algae with soft and juicy greens, then libidohromis hellow will quickly eat it.
In food, this type of fish is also not whimsical. They are happy to eat dry, canned and live food.
But in order for them to be healthy – try alternating different types of feed. Lettuce, spinach and nettle are the best ways to get essential nutrients and vitamins. Grown-up fish can be given shrimp and ground squid.
In no case should they give moth and pipemaker. The digestive system of the yellow labidochromis does not perceive them. It is necessary to feed by the hour and in small portions, because they differ in gluttony and can gobble up everything that they have given.
Not rarely the desire to feed the fish better, leads to obesity.
These are the only conditions for keeping these beautiful fish. Fulfilling simple rules, you can count on the earliest replenishment of your aquarium.
These fishes (their usual size does not exceed 8–10 cm) are endemic. The distribution area is small and limited to the only lake located in East Africa, called Malawi.
Small yellow cichlids live there, which are abundant in rocky shores at a depth of no more than 20–30 meters.
Labidochromis hellow is attributed to the African species of fish “mbuna”, consisting of 13 species, of which only yellow does not show inherent in all tsichlovy aggression. The color of these fish is yellow, but there are also white and pale yellow color variations.
Yellow “Africans” usually do not live in packs; they can be seen either in pairs or individually. Here they are individualists.
The natural diet of the Malawian mbuna includes insects and their larvae, small clams and small fish. They need vitamins necessary for the fish body to eat algae.
But still labidochromis are predators. However, like most tsichlovyh.
Labidochromis Yellow is also called dwarf cichlid. They were described in detail in 1956.
And literally in a few years, the first specimens got into European aquariums as ornamental fish.
Body shape in dwarf cichlids (another name of this species) is typical for members of the family – elongated, streamlined, slightly flattened laterally.
Coloring bright yellow is present in both adult males and females, but in young individuals it is much paler.
Fins all fish have an interesting coloration: a rather wide black band runs along the entire dorsal fin, the pectoral and anal fins also have a black border.
Eyes all fish are deep black; This color is also called anthracite. It is very difficult to distinguish females from males, since there are almost no external gender differences.
Experts distinguish the sex by a more pale color of the abdominal fin in females, as well as by size, since the males are somewhat larger.
There were cases when some male specimens even grew up to 12 cm in an aquarium.
Classification. According to the scientific classification, yellow Malawian cichlids belong to the perciforme order, the cichl family, the genus labidochromis, a species of hummingbird cichlid (Labidochromis caeruleus).
Yes, that is how the bright freshwater creatures are called in science.
“Malawians” have long been unknown to Soviet aquarists. They began to gain wide popularity around the 1970s.
Our lovers perceived their appearance with such enthusiasm that many people rushed to buy a new wonder, having little understanding of what problems they would encounter. Only later appeared special literature that can help fans in the reproduction and breeding of these beautiful fish. Yellow cichlid billow is much easier to maintain than other species, it can be recommended even to beginner aquarists.
We want to tell a little about this wonderful and beautiful creature here by answering the most common questions.
Labidochromis hellow belongs to the class of the Malawian Cyclides Mbun – the mobile inhabitants of the stony placers. This fish is known not only for its bright color, but also for its relatively peaceful temper than other Malawian cichlids.
There are about 10 color varieties of this group – from whitish to bluish and yellow. In the aquarium culture, the most common are yellow fish – Labidochromis yellow.
Pecilia (lat. Xiphophorus maculatus) is a small freshwater fish of the Pecilliaceae family. The natural habitat of the species is North and Central America.
It is found in the waters of the states of California, Colorado, Florida, Louisiana, Texas, Nevada, Hawaii. Nowadays, aquarium petsilievyh are bred on fish farms or in aquariums.
All species of platies are characterized by small body size, females are larger than males one and a half times. The body length of females is 5 cm, males – 3-3.5 cm.
How long do these fish live? If you provide them with proper care, they will be able to live in captivity from 3 to 5 years.
The appearance of the chili can be varied – aquarium pets are mostly painted in bright or motley colors, and wild species are not on sale. Interesting morphological characteristics has a diskius, in which the body is rounded, the spine is curved. Its other name is pecilia balloon.
As for the behavior, the Petsilia Disk is more capricious and whimsical in content, unlike other breeds.
Sex differences are noticeable – in addition to the difference in body size, the females of these fish are distinguished by a rounded and wide anal fin. In males, the anal fin is long, pointed, forming the so-called “gonopodia”. Females have a full and rounded abdomen, the color of their scales is faded.
Males are brighter, their body symmetry is angular.
Species diversity of aquarium Xiphophorus maculatus
One of the most popular fish among aquarists, preferring the endemics of Lake Malawi, is the pseudotrophic zebra cichlid. In the wild, this fish has about 50 different color variations. The following forms of coloring are especially common: blue and blue, gray, yellow-orange (yellow-orange female and blue male), double red zebra (red female and red male).
These cichlids belong to the group of Malawian mbuna cichlids.
Among aquarian inhabitants, red zebras of fish and mbunas with other coloring options are considered relatively large. In this case, it is the red least zadirista.
The length of their body when kept in captivity can reach 15 cm. In nature, the fish is somewhat less – about 8 cm.
The body of the aquarium fish is slightly compressed from the sides and stretched in length. Dorsal fin is long. The anal fin is decorated with yellow specks with black edging.
On the body can be from 7 to 9 strips. The color of fish is significantly influenced by conditions of detention and age.
This fish has rather large eyes and thick lips, and in adult males there is a fat pad on the forehead.
It must be said that the pseudo-trophy zebra is very aggressive. Even the most tranquil red zebras are cichlids that require very thoughtful and serious selection of neighbors when kept in a common aquarium.
The main recommendation for owners is to keep pseudo-trophies of red zebras only together with other Malawian cichlids. The most advantageous design of an aquarium for keeping fish is imitation of the natural conditions of their habitat.
A rocky bottom replicating Malawi’s underwater cliffs is the best option. It is in an aquarium designed in such a way that cichlids will look the most advantageous.
Look at the pseudo-trophic zebra spawning.
For the maintenance of these fish, differing in the most interesting behavior and bright color, a sufficiently large aquarium is needed – from 150 liters and more. It is this volume that is minimally required for the normal life of several aquarium fish Pseudotrophyus Zebra. For these fish, clean and oxygen-rich water is important, which means installing an internal filter with good performance and a compressor is absolutely essential.
Temperature range, comfortable for mbun 24 – 26 ° С. For this cichlid, suitable water with a pH of 7.2 – 8.5 and a hardness of 8 – 20 °. Weekly water changes are very important.
At the same time should be replaced about 25% of the total volume of the aquarium. If you succeed in achieving optimal conditions for keeping, this aquarium fish may well live up to 6 years in an aquarium.
Cichlids living in groups of 1 males from females will feel most comfortable. At the same time in an aquarium it is worthwhile to organize quite secluded corners.
This is necessary so that the females can hide from the male’s persecution. It is important to remember about the territoriality of the aquarium fish red zebra and mbun other colors. The jaws are equipped with very sharp teeth, which float not only for food.
Red or blue zebras are aquarium fish that can easily attack and take flight from larger opponents.
Psevdotrofeus zebra eats the most diverse food. But it is important to know that only 30% of it must be of animal origin. Daphnia, Cyclops, Koreter, chopped finely beef liver and seafood your pets fully approve.
The remaining 70% of the diet – food of plant origin. She is also very diverse.
Suitable not only dry vegetable food from well-known manufacturers of products for aquarists, but also chopped lettuce, dandelion, plantain, nettle, rolled oats. The pledge of proper nutrition of cichlids is diversity and moderation.
Excess food, especially of animal origin, will inevitably lead to obesity, which is not the best way to affect the health of the fish.
See how the pseudo-trophic zebra fish play with each other.
Maturity fish reaches the end of the first year of life. In aquarium fish zebras red, blue and other colors males are somewhat larger, their dorsal fin is noticeably sharpened.
The best producers are cichlids, which are 1.5 years old.
Since these aquarium fish take care of their caviar, it is not necessary to plant them in spawning to breed. The red zebra, like other color variations of this fish, keeps the eggs in the mouth for three weeks. If you plan to breed blue fish, it is important to know that artificial incubation is possible.
Female pseudo-trophies of zebra blue and other colors lay up to 100 eggs. Their number is influenced by age and conditions of detention.
After that, fully formed fry appear from the eggs. All fry of cichlid blue zebra, gray, yellow-orange and others have a rather nondescript gray-brown color. Only after six months of life they will acquire the characteristic color of scales and fins.
The red zebra in this plan has certain differences. Fry – female zebra fish red yellow-orange.
Blue color of young males is manifested only in adulthood. The first 6 months they have a gray color.
The main food for fry is zooplankton.
See also: Pseudotropheus – aquarium species