Hello colleagues! Wine tsikhlazoma comes from the waters of the Amazon and its tributaries. It prefers to stay in rivers and tributaries, where there is a weak current and a deep channel.
It was noted that the fish likes to lie in the pits, the bottom of which is abundantly sprinkled with foliage and a thick layer of silt. In addition, the tsikhlasoma prefers to keep close to the flooded driftwood and tree trunks, as they are an excellent shelter.
Wine tsikhlazoma grows up to 20 centimeters in length and has a rather interesting color. The one-year-old male is decorated with a longitudinal golden stripe, and the general background is black and green. Against a dark background are pronounced scarlet eyes.
Unpaired fins of red color with threadlike ends. The upper part of the head up to the dorsal fin is red, just like the lower part of the body and the throat.
At the base of the tail and in the center of the body there is a large dark spot.
Females are a little smaller than males and their foreheads are more sloping. The color of the female body is no different from the color of the male.
Since the age of three, the color of the manufacturers is changing. The body is painted green and has a bronze sheen, the fins and lower part of the body are dark crimson.
For the maintenance of wine tsikhlazomy required aquarium with a volume of 150 liters or more, and the length should be at least 1 meter. In this aquarium, it is advisable to plant a flock of 10-15 fish, which will ensure the creation of harmonious pairs.
When buying fish in pet stores and on the bird, you must select individuals, both the largest and smallest, without any flaws and diseases.
An aquarium for tsihlazom should have various shelters in the form of heaps of stones and snags, inverted flower pots. These decorations allow the fish to hide. If you frighten the fish, they can easily fall into a state of shock, and change color to red-brown with yellow spots.
When the tsikhlasoma puts fins, they remind the foliage which has fallen in water.
Practice has shown that to relieve stress in the aquarium you can add nimble fish, such as melanotenias. Also a powerful way to relieve stress is a dense planting of aquarium plants.
Wine tsikhlazom is a rather peaceful fish that gets along excellently with other cichlids, which have the same habits and sizes, large types of barbs and catfish.
The conditions of the wine tsikhlazom similar, as in all South American cichlids:
- Stiffness – no more than 20;
- Water temperature – 25-30 degrees;
- The active reaction environment – 6.5-7.5 pH;
- Availability of continuous filtration and aeration of water.
- In addition, fish are beneficially influenced by daily water changes in the amount of 1/5 to a fresh one at a similar temperature.
Feeding tsihlazom aquarists do not cause any difficulties. Fish eat excellently almost any kind of live food: a shaker, bloodworm, koretra, daphnia and even black bread.
Also, aquatic animals perfectly eat flies, cockroaches and other insects falling on the surface of the water. If the diet is varied, the fish do not experience stressful states, then they very quickly get used to the new habitat and grow well.
Puberty wine tsikhlazomy reach at the age of 14 – 18 months with a body length of 15 centimeters. The color of the body becomes brighter, a growth appears on the forehead, the fish become more well-fed. The formed pair takes a stone or a pot, begins to search the ground and jealously guards.
By the very spawning of the fish, anal bumps appear, in males it has a pointed shape, and females have a truncated cone.
A few days later, at a temperature of 30 degrees, spawning begins. The stimulation of reproduction in addition to increased temperature is the smooth addition of distilled water to the aquarium to 40% of the total.
Spawning occurs as follows.
The female moves along the substrate smoothly and lays 10-12 eggs each, while the male fertilizes the eggs at this time. Depending on the age of the fish, the female can sweep up to 600 eggs.
In the process of one and a half hours while spawning lasts, it is better not to touch the producers. If necessary, the aquarium can be hung with a cloth or paper.
Unlike some types of tsikhlazom, wine tsikhlazomy are caring parents who jealously care for their growing fry. At the end of spawning, the female protects the clutch, and the surrounding area is patrolled by a male.
The incubation period of caviar is three days, and at the end of it the larvae swim in the mouth to the mother, which transfers them to the dug hole or pot.
A couple of producers not only protect their offspring, but also walking them through the aquarium. Closer to the night, caring parents drive offspring to shelters and become guards. Similarly, fish behave if they are alarmed with something.
When the body length of the fry will be 1 centimeter, they are best deposited. Malkov also should be planted, if the parents are ready to re-spawn.
Body color of fry can also change as adult fish – from dark to pinkish-beige with a black longitudinal stripe. If you are artificially incubating, the substrate and spawn must be transferred to a 20-liter aquarium, where there is a filter sponge and intensive aeration.
2/3 of the aquarium is filled with water from the general aquarium, and the remaining third is filled with distilled water. The temperature should be about 30 degrees, and methylene blue should be added to the water.
When the young begin to swim independently in the aquarium, it should be fed with “living dust”, and if not, then with the nauplii of Artemia and Cyclops. If the fish get enough feed, they grow very quickly.