maintenance, care, compatibility
In the aquarium, the liquid is rotting and the marsh stinks – how to clean the water?
Did you find out why the aquarium stinks, but you are not exactly sure what to do? Proper cleaning of the fish nursery is your main assistant!
When all the above tips have not led to the expected result, you will have to make a new plan to save the reservoir and its inhabitants. It consists in the correct cleaning of the container from harmful impurities and parasites, which are the main causes of an unpleasant smell. Before capital cleaning prepare such tools:
- at least 5-10 liter jars with infused water of appropriate parameters for the temporary settlement of fish;
- net, scraper and sponge;
- big bucket;
- special liquid to remove contamination from aquarium glass (available in stores);
- aquarium pump;
- pH adjuster.
Remove all animals from the nursery with a net by placing them in a jar of water. Disconnect the tank from the supply of current, light, turn off the filter and aerator.
Rinse and clean the sponge. Use a scraper and a sponge to clean the windows, removing plaque, algae and other droppings from them. Take the pump, lower one end into the bucket, the second into the tank with dirty water, then pump out from 20 to 50% of all the water, depending on when it was last changed.
Put gauze on the pump, and run it along the bottom of the ground, the air will make the bottom siphon. After cleaning, remove all decorations.
The scenery should be pulled out and processed, leaving them in a separate container with a little salted water (1 teaspoon per 20 liters) or scalding them with boiling water. If plaque forms on them, scrape it with an unnecessary toothbrush or gauze.
After processing, place the decorations on a clean cloth to dry, then reinstall in the aquarium.
Pour into the aquarium a new, clean water of the same parameters that fish and plants used to (temperature, pH, hardness). Infused water should be three days for chlorine to evaporate from it.
Polish the outer glass of the tank (liquid for aquarium glass), and then reconnect all the devices. After the procedure, gradually run the fish.
Cleaning can be done in a few hours, the main thing – to adhere to accuracy.
Experienced breeders strongly advise settling in the nursery of the “orderlies” of the reservoir – freshwater snails, speckled catfish, mollies, antsistrusov, girinoheyl, labo, Japanese pond shrimps. The fishes living in the lower layers do an excellent job with the uneaten food that fell to the bottom, the snails eat carrion, and the shrimps and other fish mentioned above do an excellent job with algae.
When settling, you should consider compatibility with each other, then your aquarium will resemble a natural biotope, with crystal clear water and beautiful living creatures.
Why is there an unpleasant smell coming from the aquarium?
Let’s talk about the unpleasant smell from the aquarium
In general, a light rotten smell from the aquarium is acceptable. The aquarium is not sterile, millions of organisms live in it – it is a whole microcosm, so the reservoir a priori cannot smell “alpine freshness.”
But sometimes it happens that the aquarium and really begins to emit a stench. The reasons for this are different:
– Excess residue feed, PJA and dead organic matter;
– Improper or insufficient filtration and aeration of water;
– Rotting dead fish;
Measures to combat unpleasant aquatic odor obvious
– We check the aquarium for the presence of corpses. Count the fish, if someone is missing, carefully inspect the bottom of the aquarium, lift all the scenery, look at the intake of the filter.
Found the poor guy remove the net.
– Rarely, but due to improper installation and lack of oxygen zones, the soil sours (rots). This primer is carefully siphoned or completely removed, replacing it with a new one.
– Further, some of the water is replaced. Aeration and filtration are intensified.
Additionally, to reduce the concentration of harmful substances, you can:
– Pour into the filter aquarium absorbent – aquarium coal;
– Use hydrogen peroxide to saturate the water with oxygen and increase oxidation. Read more – aquarium aeration;
– To apply Tetra biocoryn – contains highly active enzymes and bacterial concentrates that disinfect water and accelerate the decomposition of organic substances, such as residues of food, plants, and waste products of fish. The special formula, which provides an immediate and durable result, contributes to the safe decomposition of waste and prevents further sedimentation.
Unpleasant odors are removed from the water, the water becomes clear and clean.
The causes of muddy water in an aquarium can be varied, and it is not as easy to deal with them as it seems at first glance.
- Turbidity can occur due to swimming in the pond of small particles of algae, solid organics and cyanobacteria. There is another unobtrusive reason – poor washing of the aquarium soil and inaccurate pouring water from a clean tank. This type of turbidity does not threaten the water and the fish, you can do nothing with it. After some time, the muddy part of the water will settle, or seep into the filter, remaining there. The formation of turbidity can provoke fish who love to plow the ground, but these actions for the reservoir are completely harmless.
- Turbid water in an aquarium can be caused by cichlids, goldfish and tail finch fish – their active movement in a reservoir is the cause of the resulting turbidity. If a filter is not installed in the tank, it will be difficult to clean the water.
- Often, muddy water appears after the first start of the aquarium, after the fresh water inlet. Nothing to do, in a day or two the sediment will fall to the ground and disappear. The mistake of novice aquarists is a partial or complete renewal of water, which is considered a gross error. When adding new water to a newly launched aquarium, the bacteria will become even more! If the aquarium is small, you can install a sponge filter that quickly cleans the pond.
Watch the video about the device and the operation of the internal filter.
- Malicious bacteria in an aquarium can also be causes of turbidity. When the water becomes green, then it’s time to draw conclusions – this is an unnatural color. Muddy and green water is formed due to overcrowding of the aquarium with fish or plants. That is, the aquarium fluid passes through the filter, but is not cleaned. The abundance of metabolic products provokes the formation of putrefactive microorganisms, ciliates and other unicellular. If ciliates are beneficial, the bacteria can harm the plants – they will start to rot. In order not to be surprised why fish and plants often get sick – watch the aquarium clean and tidy.
- Why still breed single-celled? Because you do not have time to clean the tank after heavy feeding. For aquarism it is better to underfeed than to feed. This rule will protect the fish from problems. After overfeeding again the water got cloudy – what to do? Arrange a pet unloading diet for a couple of days, the bacteria will die out, the water biobalance will be restored.
- Incorrectly installed decoration. Snags, plastic materials of poor quality dissolve in water, forming a muddy shade. If the scenery is new wooden, but untreated – they can be boiled or infused in salt solution. Plastic snags should be replaced with new ones.
- In the old, stagnant nursery with fish, sediment is formed due to “whiteness after fish treatment”, this is when drugs and purification chemistry for aquarium glass were used in the pond. Such substances have a number of side effects, they disrupt the biological equilibrium, neutralizing the favorable microflora.
Drugs that prevent the appearance of a cloudy precipitate
Muddy water in the aquarium This is one of the most common problems that even experienced aquarists face. The reason for the violation of biological equilibrium can be a bacterial outbreak, improper feeding of fish, replacement of water in the aquarium and other factors.
In some cases, it is enough to eliminate the cause, and after a few days the balance will be restored. But sometimes the turbidity of the water in the aquarium can lead to the death of fish and plants. In any case, first of all it is necessary to establish why water grows turbid or blooms in the aquarium.
And, only on the basis of the causes of violations, will it be possible to take any action.
Why does the water grow turbid in the aquarium?
When starting the aquarium for several days, there is a bacterial outbreak caused by excessive multiplication of single-celled organisms. Therefore, it is not recommended to colonize the fish immediately after launch.
It is necessary to wait until the balance is established and the water becomes transparent. At the same time, changing water is also not worth it.
A change of water will only cause it to become cloudy again. Usually, fish are settled in 5-7 days, and in order to speed up the process of restoring biological balance, it is recommended to add water from an old aquarium.
Turbid water in the aquarium can be the result of overfeeding the fish. If the food is not eaten completely, and settles at the bottom, the water will quickly deteriorate.
Also, muddy water in the aquarium may indicate poor filtration. With a large number of fish, you need to think very well about the water purification system, otherwise very soon the fish will start poisoning with decay products, which can cause the death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Why is the water in the aquarium green?
The flowering of water is due to the rapid growth of microscopic algae. This may be caused by an excess of light or accumulation of organic matter at the bottom. With a lack of lighting algae begin to rot and turn brown.
If the water in the aquarium is clouded and smells, then the cause may be the reproduction of blue-green algae.
What to do if in the aquarium muddy water?
First of all, of course, you need to eliminate the cause of turbidity. If the problem lies in overpopulation of the aquarium, then you need to either increase water filtration or reduce the number of fish.
If at the bottom of accumulated remnants of food, you need to reduce portions, and you can also settle the bottom fish that eat food settled on the ground. When flowering you need to darken the aquarium, if there is an excess of lighting, or vice versa – to establish a more powerful lighting system with a lack of light. To prevent excessive algae growth, it is recommended to make fish or snails that eat excess vegetation.
It is also worth paying attention to the filtering system. The presence of good filters is a prerequisite for the maintenance of the aquarium and the preservation of biological equilibrium.
Sometimes it is recommended to add special additives to the water, but most aquarists do not support this method of restoring balance. In any case, it is necessary to understand that the living water in an aquarium is the result of the interaction of many living beings, therefore, time and certain conditions are necessary to restore balance.
Incorrect actions can lead to even greater disruption, so the main task is to create conditions for stabilizing the balance.
How often do I need to change the water in the aquarium?
Proper replacement of water in an aquarium plays an important role in maintaining balance. A common mistake is to replace too often or replace large amounts of water.
With a small litrazh such errors can result in the death of the fish. Before you change the water in the aquarium, you need to check the water quality, acidity and temperature.
With a large volume, it will take about 2 days to restore balance; with a small volume, water needs change very carefully. After the launch of the aquarium water can not be changed for 2-3 months, until equilibrium is established. Subsequently, every 15-30 days replace up to 1/5 of the total volume.
With a good filtration system and a small amount of fish, water is changed less frequently and to a lesser extent. If you replace more than half of the water in the aquarium, then the whole formed environment, including fish, may die.
In order to avoid problems, it is worth taking care of the proper equipment, starting and settling the aquarium from the very beginning. If you follow all the rules, it will not be difficult to achieve and maintain biological balance, and caring for an aquarium will not cause problems.
What is the aquatic environment characteristic of new aquariums?
A few days after installation and start-up, the water in the aquarium dimmed dramatically. Why it happens?
- The fact is that in the “immature” reservoirs the biological environment has not yet formed, the beneficial bacteria have not spread enough, and are in a state of “stress.” While they multiply massively, and after a few weeks, their colonies will adapt to the new reservoir. In old aquariums, bacteria do not multiply abundantly.
- The water in the new aquarium also becomes cloudy from the light particles of soil, which rises under the influence of frequent water changes. When pouring water directly on the ground, its pellets rise sharply, floating for a long time. This process creates a visual turbidity of water. To avoid this, it is necessary to make a careful and gradual injection of fluid into the tank. After this, the sediment will “calm down” and settle to the bottom. Purchased fish are unlikely to create a “hurricane” in a new home – they are shy and often hide in shelters. Water with sand sediment is harmless to fish and plants.
Watch the video about why the water in the aquarium grows cloudy.
Recommendations for the operation of recently launched aquariums
After a new life in the aquarium wakes up, you need to do the necessary procedures so that no turbidity appears in it.
- In a new aquarium, do not partially refresh the water for 2-3 weeks until the microflora has stabilized. A complete change of water is harmful for both fish and plants.
- In order to avoid organic sediment at the bottom of the aquarium, you need to do fasting days for the fish. Give the fish as much food as they eat in 1-2 minutes. Unfinished food residues can be collected personally using a special siphon.
See how to properly feed aquarium fish.