maintenance, care, compatibility
Why does the water in the aquarium grow muddy?: Start the aquarium; muddy water :: Aquarium fish.
Muddy water in an aquarium is a common problem that even experienced aquarists sometimes face. It can be fatal for your fish.
To avoid this, you need to understand the causes of this trouble and eliminate them.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
An aquarium is a microworld where organisms appear and die. It consists of a fine interconnection of fish, plants and bacteria.
When you create a new aquarium in a few days there is a huge number of bacteria, excessively breeding in water. This leads to its turbidity. This process is quite normal and natural.
Before you run the fish in the aquarium with new water, you just need to wait a few days until it clears itself. Due to lack of food, most bacteria will become extinct, and the biological balance of water will normalize. To change the water in this case is strictly prohibited, because it also becomes cloudy.
It is best to add some water from the old aquarium, where the balance has long been established. If this is not available, nothing terrible, the balance in the water itself is settled, it just takes more time for this.
Another cause of muddy water can be overfeeding fish. Excess feed, which your pets do not have time to eat, sink to the bottom and begin to rot.
As a result, the water begins to deteriorate. In such an environment, the inhabitants of the aquarium can not feel good, and their long stay in bad water will destroy.
When a large number of fish in the aquarium and, at the same time, poor filtration of water, there is its turbidity. The inhabitants of such an environment will certainly begin to poison the body with decay products, which will lead to their death.
The cause of muddy water can be algae. There is a certain species that, if overproduced, leads to a turbid environment in the aquarium and at the same time emits an unpleasant odor.
Another problem may be excessive light or accumulation of excess organic matter at the bottom, which stimulates the rapid growth of microscopic algae, and as a result water will bloom. It becomes opaque with a greenish tinge.
With a lack of light, the plants in the aquarium will turn brown and begin to rot, which will ruin the habitat of the fish and harm their health.
To deal with muddy water is not difficult, the main thing is to understand the causes of turbidity and follow certain rules in the future.
First you need to determine the cause of the turbidity of the water. If it consists in overpopulation of the aquarium, then it is necessary to strengthen the filtering or move some fish to another place. If the reason is the accumulation of excess feed on the bottom, then you need to reduce the dose of food or purchase bottom fish that will eat up the settled food.
If there is a problem with lighting, you need to darken the aquarium or enhance the light. To prevent the rapid growth of algae, it is recommended to start fish or snails that eat plants.
In order to maintain biological balance in an aquarium, it is imperative to have a good filter that matches the size of the water tank. You need to understand that in the aquarium the water is alive, and to maintain balance you need to maintain certain conditions.
It does not recommend the use of chemicals, they can lead to even greater environmental disturbance and will require a longer recovery.
In maintaining balance in water, its change plays an important role. After launching a new aquarium, it is not necessary to change the water for 2-3 months until the balance is improved. In the future, the water should be replaced 1-2 times a month.
At the same time merging only 1/5 of the total volume of the aquarium and adding as many new ones. If you change more than half, then the habitat is disturbed, which will lead to the death of the fish.
In small aquariums, water can be replaced less frequently, provided there is a good filter.
Muddy aquarium: from what and why the water becomes cloudy, what to do
Preparations eliminating mechanical turbidity in an aquarium
If the clouding of a young aquarium is forgivable to an aquarist, then dregs in the old pond are his sin! Violation of the biobalance in well-established water bodies is often due to oversight, due to the lack of basic care, due to ignorance or unwillingness to know what is happening in the aquarium. The exculpatory causes of the clouding of the old aquarium are “whiteness after the treatment of fish”, that is, when aquarium chemistry and preparations were used in the aquarium.
Like any “medicine” aquarium chemistry has side effects, in particular the violation of biological equilibrium.
What happens in the old aquarium? Why does the water grow cloudy in it?
And almost the same thing happens as in a young aquarium. But, if I may say so, in regressive order.
To make it even clearer to you, let’s break the aquarium biological chain into links. NITROGEN CYCLE is as follows.
“DIRT AND TRASH”
(remnants of dead organics, fish food, feces, etc.)
decompose under the action of bacteria in
AMMONIA / AMMONIUM
(the strongest poison, destructive for all living things)
under the action of another group of bacteria is decomposed into
NITRITES, and then NITRATES
(less dangerous, but also poisons)
further decompose to
and out of the aquarium water
As you understand, this process is multistage and has its own nuances.
For those that want to study it in more detail, I recommend to go to the forum thread NITRITES AND NITRATES IN THE AQUARIUM. And now imagine what will happen in the old aquarium, if one of the links, for one reason or another, falls out? That’s right – dregs!
Sorry for the tautology))) Unlike the dregs in a young aquarium, the turbidity in the old aquarium not only spoils the appearance of the aquarium, but is also very dangerous. The following happens: under the influence of non-excreting poisons, the fish’s immunity weakens, their protective mechanisms weaken and become unable to resist the “harmful” – pathogenic bacteria and fungi (which are always in the water). As a result, the fish gets sick and if you do not conduct treatment in time, the fish dies.
Thus, we can conclude that the violation of biological balance is the primary cause of the death of aquarium fish. In fairness, it should be said that the saturation of aquarium water with excess ammonia, nitrite and nitrate – can occur without turbidity of the aquarium water.
What is even worse, because the enemy is invisible.
HOW TO GET RID OF BIOLOGICALLY DISTURBED AQUARIUM
or how to set up biobalance
First of all, you need to make regular cleaning in the aquarium, do not overfeed the fish. Remember that only the constant and correct replacement of aquarium water to fresh water is an effective way to get rid of poisons.
ATTENTION: To replace the water in a young aquarium, in order to get rid of turbidity is not necessary. In the first month, the water in a young aquarium generally needs to be tried less often and in smaller volumes.
Water should “infuse.”
Drugs that eliminate the biological clouding of the aquarium – preparations setting biobalance:
Almost all aquarium brands in their arsenal have a line of products that customize the biological balance.
The essence of these drugs can be divided into those that:
– neutralize poisons (nitrites and nitrates);
– promote the growth of colonies of beneficial denitrifying bacteria or are a ready concentrate of these bacteria.
To achieve the maximum effect, you should use these drugs in a complex. Especially with a flash of nitrite and nitrate.
Preparations that neutralize nitrites and nitrates Zeolite is an ion exchanger, in fact, as well as aquarium coal is an absorbent. But, unlike coal, which is not able to “tighten” nitrites and nitrates, zeolite copes with it perfectly.
Zeolite is used not only in aquarism, it is widely used in other areas of human life. Therefore, it can even be bought by weight.
Zeolites are a large group of similar in composition and properties of minerals, aqueous aluminosilicates of calcium and sodium from the subclass of frame silicates, with glass or pearlescent gloss, known for their ability to give and reabsorb water, depending on temperature and humidity. Another important property of zeolites is the ability to ion exchange – they are able to selectively release and reabsorb various substances, as well as exchange cations.
Aquarium preparations containing zeolite.
Fluval zeo-carb – filler for filters zeolite + activated carbon.
This is a combination of Fluval activated carbon and Fluval Ammonia Remover. Working together, these highly effective means of active filtration, which eliminate pollution, odors and color, and at the same time, remove toxic ammonia:
– Protects aquarium from toxic ammonia.
– At the same time, coal adsorbs waste products, dyes and drugs from water.
-Reduces the phosphate content in water.
The combination of the two products frees up space in your filter for other types of filtering.
Aquael ZeoMAX Plus – zeolite in the form of small crumb, removes ammonia and phosphates, stabilizes pH.
Due to its chemical structure, it provides excellent absorption of organic pollutants, nitrogenous compounds and phosphates that are toxic to fish, which are a consequence of the metabolism of aquarium inhabitants.
Zeolite should not be left in the filter for more than one month.
For more information about the advantages and disadvantages of zeolite, see the forum thread “Nitrites and nitrates”, namely HERE.
The drug acting at the chemical level.
Sera toxivec – a drug that at the chemical level instantly eliminates NO2NO3. Since this is chemistry, it is recommended to use it as a preventive measure and once.
Immediately removes hazardous contaminants, life-threatening fish and filter bacteria, from aquarium water. Equal effectiveness against different types of pollutants makes this tool especially valuable.
Sera Toxivec instantly eliminates ammonia / ammonia and nitrites. Because of this, it prevents their transition into nitrates and helps prevent the growth of irritating algae.
In addition, Sera Тoxivec eliminates aggressive chlorine from tap water. Also effective as a disinfectant disinfectant and medication remover.
At the same time, it is capable of even more: it binds toxic heavy metals such as copper, zinc, lead, and even mercury. Therefore, these pollutants can not harm the fish and beneficial bacteria in the biofilter.
Due to this, the frequency of water changes can be reduced.
If necessary, for example, with particularly high levels of contamination, an increase in the applied dose of the agent is allowed. Repeated depositing is allowed in one or two hours.
Drugs that promote the growth of beneficial colonies
bacteria or are ready concentrate bacteria Tetra Bactozym – This conditioner, accelerating the process of stabilization of biological equilibrium, in the filter and aquarium. Suitable for fresh and sea water.
Tetra Bactozym accelerates the conversion of nitrites to nitrates and contains a concentrate of enzymes and substances that contribute to the development of beneficial aquarium microflora. It makes water crystal clear and provides enzymatic decomposition of dissolved organics.
The use of an air conditioner reduces the damage done to the beneficial microflora when changing water and washing the filters, and restores microorganisms that are weakened or damaged by the use of medicines.
We draw your attention to the fact that biostarters contain various types of cultures of bacteria and enzymes. Too high or low temperatures reduce their effectiveness.
Tetra NitranMinus Perls (granules) – for reliable reduction of nitrate in water. The drug eliminates the nutritional element necessary for the development of algae, which allows for a long time to improve water quality, reducing, thereby, the need for care of the aquarium.
– lowering the level of nitrates by 12 months by biological means.
– algae growth is significantly inhibited.
– just buried in the ground.
Tetra NitrateMinus (liquid conditioner) – biological reduction of nitrates, calculated for 12 months. Improves water quality. Interferes with formation and growth of seaweed (duckweed).
Designed for all types of marine and freshwater aquariums.
Convenient dosing: 2.5 ml of new liquid NitrateMinus for every 10 liters of water, once a week.
Like NitrateMinus in granules (Pearls), liquid NitrateMinus facilitates the processing of nitrates into nitrogen and lowers carbonate hardness. A decrease in nitrates by 60 mg / l leads to an increase in carbonate hardness of approximately 3 KH. With regular use of the drug after replacing water, the pH of the water stabilizes and the risk of falling acidity decreases.
Fully compatible, NitrateMinus is based on biological processes in an aquarium and is completely safe for fish. It combines perfectly with TetraAqua EasyBalance and other Tetra products.
Sera bio nitrivec (Sera bio nitrivek) – preparation for quick start aquarium. Special blend of various high-quality cleansing bacteria for aquariums.
Sera nitrivek prevents the accumulation of ammonium and nitrite. The use of Sera nitrivek makes it possible to place the fish in the newly created aquarium already 24 hours after application. When entering the water bacteria
begin to act immediately. The resulting effect is stored in
For a long time, giving a crystal water aquarium water.
There are other drugs of identical orientation. I recommend sharing Tetra Bactozym and Tetra NitranMinus Perls.
And when using NO2NO3 flashes, use zeolite.
How else can you achieve a “good biobalance”?
– Biological equilibrium is more stable if live aquarium plants are present in the aquarium. Plants partially absorb the decay elements of living organics and thereby reduce their concentration. The more aquarium plants, the better.
I recommend to read the article. AQUARIUM PLANTS ALL FOR BEGINNERS.
– Aquarium snails and fish “orderlies” will help you in cleaning the aquarium. “Squad” of the same coil snails copes with dying leaves and organic matter. Fish nurses also help in this matter. The majority of aquarium catfish can be attributed to them: corridors, antsistrusy, girinoheiliusy, aquatic sequences, thoracacums, and many others.
– It is advisable to use multistage filtration of aquarium water. And also use other methods that improve water quality, for example, phyto filtration.
Water in an aquarium quickly becomes turbid: what reasons can?
Turbid water in an aquarium is not uncommon when starting a home pond. This is due to the fact that a bacterial outbreak occurs, which is caused by the active reproduction of single-celled organisms in water.
That is why the settlement of fish is better to postpone for a while. You need to wait some time to establish a balance in the water, and it will become transparent.
If you change the water, then again there will be a blurred water in the aquarium.
If the water in the new aquarium dims, it should take at least 5-7 days. Only after that you can safely run the fish. During this time, biological balance will be restored.
To speed up this process, you can add some water from the old aquarium.
Often, the aquarium becomes turbid due to overfeeding the fish. Water spoils quite quickly if food is not completely eaten by the inhabitants of the mini-reservoir.
It settles at the bottom of the tank and can spoil the life-giving moisture. This is another common cause of this problem.