maintenance, care, compatibility
Very often, beautiful decorative goldfish are the very first pet beginner aquarists. But before you start them at home, you should definitely consider the compatibility of these beauties with other typical inhabitants of aquariums.
As with all other representatives of aquatic fauna, the behavior and compatibility of all ornamental crucians are closely related. As for the goldfish in particular, the debate about its compatibility has been going on for a long time, but theorists and practitioners of aquarists cannot make a definite conclusion.
Decorative goldfish are large enough (20–25 cm in length) for domestic pets, which means that a large aquarium with a capacity of 50 liters per individual is required for their successful life. For a couple – 80-100 liters.
It would seem that such a space contributes to the combination of several species, but for this there are several serious obstacles.
- First of all, “zolotushki” somewhat slow. Smaller, nimble fish will no doubt take their food away from them.
- And, on the contrary, in the vicinity of the same large sluggish species, decorative crucians will pounce on food, trying to eat every last crumb. Neighbors are unlikely to get something.
Another feature of the behavior is the habit of rummaging in the ground in search of food. This happens very often, entailing the rise of silt and turbidity of water.
Not every “neighbor” will like it.
Omnivorous goldfish. At home, they eat live, dry or frozen food, as well as vegetable food.
If the neighbors in the aquarium are small fish, then gradually they will be eaten by the “little crowns” who are constantly in search of food.
Decorative carp has a bright appearance: large dorsal and ventral fins, luxurious tail. Experienced aquarists confirm: veil-shaped fins are very often the targets of aggressive “neighbors” attacks, even if they are smaller in size.
Thus, the desire to run other ornamental fish to gold often encounters a number of unsolvable problems.
Practice shows that such a neighborhood is impossible. And this is due to the natural aggressiveness of almost all tsikhlovyh.
Even if cichlids are herbivores of the same size as goldfish, then races around the aquarium are inevitable.
In some sources you can find information about the peaceful living in the general aquarium of goldfish and South American tsihlazom, however, clashes between them are inevitable. Especially if the fish are hungry.
As for the fairly common astronotus, he considers the “gold” only as an additional dish for his dinner.
Unpretentious, peace-loving tetras and neons could get along peacefully with goldfish. In principle, this is what happens when golden fry are launched into the aquarium to these popular representatives of the family of the Haracin.
As a rule, peaceful coexistence ends when goldfish grow to their normal size and begin to consider small neons, rhodostomus or minors as an additive to the usual diet.
If the neighborhood is so necessary, then it is better to keep in the general aquarium larger tetras – congos or brilliant ones, which may well get along with bright decorative crucians.
Experts say that in this case we can expect quite decent compatibility. Small aquarium catfish (tarakatums or corridors) do not consider gold as rivals, they are too calm and slow for this.
An exception can only be ancistrus or catfish-sucker, which hunts at night. Having stuck to a goldfish, this catfish can fairly beat it.
Some experts argue that the proximity to catfish will even be useful for the aquarium biotope, as the “bulls” leave behind a lot of garbage that can quickly decompose, and the catfish are by their nature bottom-level cleaners.
From the point of view of behavior and calmness in a water hostel, in this case there will be no problems. Comets, voilehwosts, shubunkins, wakins, telescopes and richens will live peacefully in a common company.
But here another problem arises: the state of the offspring. Individuals of different subspecies will begin to interbreed with each other and give hybrids.
Thus, the breed will be spoiled, and the centuries-old efforts of Eastern breeders will go down the drain. If this process is not stopped, then a rather rapid transformation of goldfish back into ordinary carp will occur.
So, with whom it is better to combine elegant goldfish? There is only one answer, with which all experts agree: with no one.
In a species aquarium, goldfish of the same breed will be calm, comfortable and safe.
The family Melanotene (Iris) has seven genera, which include small but very beautiful fish with shimmering scales. Absolutely innocuous creatures, do not attack others, but rather become victims of large fish. In an aquarium, it can be cichlids, astronotus, koi carps and goldfish.
With other neighbors get along well.
The most ancient and popular representatives of home aquariums. They have a peculiar character, besides, their color is very noticeable, therefore, they are compatible only with the representatives of their family, the Karpovs, the karpami koi.
Fish telescope – a kind of goldfish, in the wild is not found. As is known, goldfish appeared as a result of selection of wild carp.
According to reliable data, the telescope fish was bred in the XVII century in China, from which it came to Japan. The most prominent part of the animal’s body is large, bulging eyes located on the sides of the head. Due to the unusual shape of the eye, the fish got its name.
Unfortunately, these eyes themselves are very vulnerable in the aquarium, they can be damaged by random objects. For this reason, keeping a pet requires maximum care.
Caring for fish imposes some restrictions and rules that help protect its health.
Similar to their relatives, goldfish, telescopes get along in cool water, but they are not recommended to be bred for beginners in aquarism. The point is in the vulnerable eyes, which in addition to the large eyeball, they see almost nothing.
Its content is not so simple: you have to look for special food, plants and soil that would not damage the pet’s tender body.
On the other hand, caring for telescopes is not difficult if you are extremely careful with them. Like other types of goldfish, they are tolerant of changes in the aquatic environment, can live both in the garden pond and in the glass aquarium. Compatibility is possible with slow, peaceful fish that do not take away their food.
It is recommended to settle in spacious aquariums at the rate of 50 liters for 1 fish and more than 150 liters for several individuals. The tank should be safe, without a large number of kryag, sharp objects. They use rounded pebbles of medium size or coarse sand as soil – telescopes like to rummage in the ground.
It is important that they do not swallow large parts. Soft plants gnaw, hard-leaved plants – a good choice for their “house”.
Watch the video, revealing the features of the content of the fish telescope.
In the aquarium, you should install a powerful external filter that will remove numerous wastes after pets. The flow is important to pass through the flute, as we know, telescopes float badly.
Choose wide containers with a large surface area – through it there is a constant gas exchange.
Do not forget about updating 1/5 of the water once a week. Permissible water parameters: temperature 20-23 degrees Celsius, hardness – 5-19 o, acidity – 6.0-8.0 pH.
Not particularly sensitive to the conditions of detention, but quality care for them involves clean water and the absence of sharp surfaces.
Barbus – killing fish, representatives of the genus Barbusov. Natural habitat – Africa and Southeast Asia.
There are several dozen species of these fish that lead the pack way of life. The average size of small fish is 4-8 cm. Sometimes, endemics caught in natural water bodies can be seen on the market, and they are easily adapted to the home aquarium.
Some adults grow large, 12 cm or more in size.
The opinion is widespread, their compatibility in an artificial reservoir is possible with other fishes. Indeed, some aquarists are not afraid to settle them with gourami, guppies, swordtails, and even cichlids.
However, the school of barbs is able to intimidate and show aggression towards neighbors, sometimes destroying them physically. Yes, and among themselves they get along not without resistance – these fish are active, nimble and will not miss theirs.
Barbs growing in length of 10-12 cm are classified as large species. Among them: arulius, Everett, red-cheeked barb, African barbs.
Compatibility in the general aquarium is possible with cichlids, freshwater sharks and catfish. Medium and small barbs reach a length of 5-6 cm in the aquarium.
These include Sumatran, five-lane, green, ruled, oligolepis barb.
They are united by a cheerful disposition and a high level of activity in the water, so they are recommended for breeding in glass tanks. Get on with other fish of similar size, but not with slow.
Snooty character – fish with long and veiled fins pluck, depriving those of a beautiful appearance. For them it is better to choose a spacious rectangular aquarium, where there will be enough space for swimming.
Shelters are also important – stones, snags and plants, but in a certain amount – they are not needed much for schooling fish. 6-7 fish should be acquired immediately to avoid stress and conflict situations.
Look at the aquarium with Sumatran barbs in the company with scalar scalar and ordinary.
A signal of unfavorable conditions in an aquarium may indicate a strange position of the fish – when they do not lie at an angle of 45 degrees head down (as during rest), but at a greater angle.
Quickly swim in the pond, are constantly in motion, play among themselves, catch up with each other. They live not very peacefully, they will compete with even aggressive species of fish.
Therefore, it is necessary to carefully and carefully choose their neighbors.
Before allowing other fish to approach them, it is necessary to check their compatibility in the aquarium. As you know, these teasers are not averse to fighting or pinching their neighbors, it may be fun for them, but for others it is a big fright.
To resist the barbs, fish have to gather in large flocks, and the nature of these “competitors” must be strong, not fearful. Only under such conditions can provocations be avoided.
Often, barbs of different types are settled in one nursery, so as not to risk unsuccessful sharing.
If you want to pick up the fish on the similarity of color and temperament, avoid the neighborhood with slow-moving fish. For example, Sumatran barbs look good with clown fights – they have a similar scale color and similar habitat.
Proven compatibility between barbs and other species of fish with which they live peacefully, these are small fish:
Sumatran barbs, or tiger – very mobile representatives of the underwater world. Make a perfect neighborhood in the aquarium to those fish that have an active disposition and similar sizes.
Compatibility with fish, in which wide void-shaped fins are unacceptable – they bite them. Fish of medium and large sizes are also not always suitable.
Gourami, cichlids, telescopes, scalars, and tails are incompatible with them. The restless appetite of the “tiger” will create problems for a peaceful fish, taking away its food.
Fish that have offspring, will also suffer – their fry will be eaten by the Sumatran “tiger.” Even the fish from their flock, they oppress that already talk about strangers.
This is a territorial view that considers itself the owner of the reservoir. If the fish has mastered some part of the aquarium, it will not give it to anyone – the enemy will be immediately expelled.
Tiger barbs can not be called very aggressive fish. The described cases are rare, and, as a rule, under the wrong conditions of detention and sharing.
They are recommended to be settled in the pond after other fish live there and get comfortable – in this case mutual sympathy and respect for each other will arise.
Fishes of different types require a large space for keeping. When flocks of different species of fish are found in a small aquarium, territorial and personal conflicts begin.
Big mistake novice aquarists – sharing the barbs to the peaceful viviparous fish in a small tank.
Look at the Sumatran barbs along with the green labo.
Guppies do not belong to those types of fish that can be hooked to active fish. There were cases when the latter attacked guppies, even an increase in the number of males did not help.
We have to settle these species in separate nurseries, saving them life and health.
Swordtails have large and lush fins, to which the barbs are not indifferent. A big plus of the swordmen is high mobility and activity in the reservoir.
A chase may occur, and the barbs will surrender. But in order for the neighborhood to be successful, you should follow several rules:
- Do not keep too small aquarium: there should be enough space for everyone in it, be sure to plant water plants in it. Large space will allow barbs to frolic.
- Move to the swordtail barbs of different types. This is to prevent aggression. Representatives of different species will begin to sort things out among themselves, without disturbing other fish.
- Barbs have no sense of proportion – having bitten a fish once, a predator wakes up in them. They will not lag behind the victim, and may ultimately destroy the creature. This happens when the supposedly active swordtail is calm and slow.
- Swordtails will not show aggression to the barbs, if they will have enough food and shelter. Subject to the rules, all fish can cohabit peacefully and without conflict.
What fish get on with barbs: goldfish and barbs
Often, the happy owners of the aquarium want to see more than one type of fish in it, and not even two. It is much more pleasant to contemplate aquarium fish, when there are a lot of them, and all of them are somewhat different from each other.
However, the trouble is: we have to face such a situation when two species cannot get along together. To avoid such situations, you need to know who better to share with existing fish.
As for the barbs directly, everything is quite complicated here. Although these cute creatures are not aggressive and bloodthirsty, there’s something in them.
You can even apply this name – “half-hunters”. And therefore, not every fish gets on with them.
If we take specifically goldfish, goldfish and barbs in no way get along together. The same goes for guppies and cockerels.
The problem is that these fish have long fins that the barb will bite from hour to hour. Argued that this is due to starvation of the fish. Still, some experienced aquarists claim that even if a barbus is full, he will still attack a goldfish.
They just have such a character, and nothing can be done about it.
To alleviate the fate of goldfish can increase the number of barbs in the same aquarium. It is noticed that if there are more than six of them in one place, they concentrate on internal disassembly.
Often you can even notice the fights between them, but it’s not worth worrying about – they never sadly end.
Also bad to get along with the barb will be the scalar. After all, they are very slow and inactive, and the barbs, in turn, are quite the opposite – they never stop in one place.
Due to this, the scalar will be in eternal stress, and oh, how it is not desirable.
So, what fish get along with the barbs? To whom they will not cause much harm, and who will not do that to them? First of all, it is the barbs themselves.
After all, you can use other types of these fish, and then your aquarium will be full of a huge variety. But remember that it is better to keep the fry separately from the adult individuals, and then any biting will begin again.
But quite different types of aquarium fish can get along with them: swordtails, catfish, zebrafish, battles, mezonauts tsikhlazoma, sazhika tsikhlasoma, labo and several other species.
Who do the scalar get on with? What fish do the angelfish live with?
The mysterious world of the aquarium attracts many people. How wonderful after work to sit and watch the unhurried flow of life of its inhabitants.
To avoid dramas in the blue waters, you need to carefully consider the choice of fish, today we will talk about who the scalar gets on with.
When choosing a composition for your aquarium, first of all pay attention to the size of the fish. Scalaria grows large enough and, like any cichlid, can taste something smaller on a tooth. Therefore, it is better to take at once all the inhabitants of the fry than to run the young to the already adult individuals.
Another point: these fish are very slow, and therefore bright neons are well co-located with them.
The first of those with whom the scalar gets along is soms, on the other hand, no one quarrels with them at all. Each of them has its own area.
Whatever fish you have brought, they will completely ignore the presence of bottom catfish.
Angelfish and barbs are often recommended as ideal neighbors. They have almost the same requirements for temperature, hardness and acidity. But the temperament is different, and nimble barbs are quite capable of leaving leisurely fish without lunch.
Again, it depends on the nature of the specific fish caught by you. Some live very amicably, but somewhere barbs are taken to drive cichlids.
Another win-win is scalar and gourami. This composition looks very bright, all the fish are quite large (which imposes the appropriate requirements for the size of the water area).
If you take the fish fry, then problems, most likely, will not arise. Adults gourami can sometimes shake only the imperfections of the scalar by the tails and fins.
Often among fans there are disputes about whether the scalar and guppy will get along.
In fact, this is really lucky. Peace-loving individuals have been caught by someone, and small fish continue to swim peacefully, while for others the cichlids quickly figured out how to corner them and have a snack.
If all fish are bought at an early age, the aquarium is big and there are shelters, then, most likely, life will pass peacefully and calmly.
Seasoned aquarists emphasize the tranquil neighborhood of the angelfish and danios, and, in addition, placium is considered to be one of the most accommodating. Labo, tetra, discus, swordtails, roosters and iris are also well suited.
About the fact that the angelfish is undesirable to keep with goldfish, we have already said. Let us explain: cichlids are thermophilic, the same, on the contrary, like cool water.
In addition, goldfish are big gluttons, they clog up the aquarium badly and like to dig the ground, and the scalars do not tolerate dirty water.
Do not keep together herbivorous fishes (tilaria, hemigramus, viviparous) and predators, which include scalar. Mixing different foods can badly affect the state of water and the health of its inhabitants.